Hassan is a data scientist and has obtained his Master of Science in Data Science from Heriot-Watt University.
The Growth of Data Science
Data science is one of the fastest-growing fields of technology, and it's not going anywhere anytime soon. Data scientists use sophisticated tools and algorithms to find patterns in large datasets to help companies make better business decisions.
Artificial intelligence (AI) also plays a role and has contributed to the demand for data scientists. People who understand programming languages like Python are needed to develop AI technologies that can learn from their mistakes rather than be programmed by humans precisely how they should function.
In this article, we'll look at some popular data science tools that have gained traction over the last few years—and will continue to do so!
1. Apache Hadoop
Apache Hadoop helps organizations capture and analyze large and unstructured datasets. It is a framework that allows users to process data in any format and size while maintaining the integrity of the underlying information. This framework is used globally in almost every industry and sector.
Hadoop is an open-source project that was launched in 2005 by Doug Cutting. The Apache Hadoop framework operates on a cluster of commodity hardware, which makes it a cost-effective solution for businesses. The benefits of using Apache Hadoop for data science in 2022 include:
- Ease of use: Apache Hadoop makes it easy for data scientists to work with large amounts of raw data without writing code from scratch. This allows them to focus on analyzing and understanding the information rather than figuring out how to access it.
- Scalability: With Apache Hadoop's distributed architecture, you can quickly scale up your system as your business grows. This means you don't have to worry about upgrading hardware or software when more capacity is needed, add more servers!
- Cost-effectiveness: Apache Hadoop has been around since 2005 and has become one of the most popular technologies used by organizations worldwide due to its cost-effectiveness compared with other solutions like relational databases (RDBMS).
Tableau is a business intelligence (BI) tool that allows users to create visualizations and dashboards easily. Users can then use these visualizations for data science projects, analytics projects, reporting, and more.
Tableau helps the user find patterns in data and generate insights from them. It also provides a platform for sharing insights with others by creating interactive dashboards that are easy to understand.
Tableau has many different versions available depending on your needs—Tableau Desktop, Tableau Server, and Tableau Online (aka business intelligence).
TensorFlow is a software library that is open-source and is used for numerical computation. This is done with the use of data flow graphs. The mathematical operations are represented by nodes in the graph, while the multi-dimensional data arrays (tensors) are represented by graph edges.
The flexible architecture makes it easy for you to deploy computation to one or more CPUs or GPUs on a desktop, mobile device, or server. This is done with the use of a single API.
TensorFlow was developed originally by researchers and engineers working on the Google Brain Team within Google's Machine Intelligence research organization to conduct machine learning and deep neural networks research. The system comprises two main computing elements: a CPU-based system running proprietary hardware acceleration and multiple GPU-based systems (each with several graphics cards).
You may have heard of Knime, a data science platform for the entire data science process. The tool provides easy access to many analytical technologies and is a front-end for all other tools in the process.
With Knime, you can create custom workflows and automate repetitive tasks using more than 200 pre-built connectors. It also has built-in visualization capabilities (including 3D graphics), which allow you to quickly build dashboards or visualize results from other tools in one place.
Excel is one of the best tools in the world for data analysis. It is a brilliant tool for exploring and visualizing your data and performing simple manipulations like sorting and filtering. Excel is also excellent at more advanced functions like regression and classification, along with other statistical techniques that can be applied to your data set.
This means that Excel is one of the most valuable tools for analyzing your data sets—a crucial aspect of any successful project based on machine learning or artificial intelligence (AI). Some of the benefits of using Excel for data science in 2022:
- Speed: Excel is fast! You can run calculations on large datasets within seconds (or even milliseconds) with the correct formulas. This makes it ideal for quick analysis on small datasets or preliminary tests before running more complex calculations in other tools like R or Python.
- Simplicity: Excel is easy to use, especially if you have experience using other spreadsheet programs such as Google Sheets or LibreOffice Calc. Learning a new software tool can initially seem confusing if you don't have experience with these other programs. However, it's not too difficult to pick up new skills once you start using them.
- Collaboration: Excel allows multiple people to work on projects at once without worrying about merging spreadsheets or overwriting each other.
- Extensive Community Support: Thousands of online resources provide tutorials on using different features in Excel. These resources include videos, blogs, webinars, books, etc., which help beginners learn new skills quickly.
6. Microsoft Power BI
Microsoft Power BI is a business analytics suite that is cloud-based. The Power BI service is a part of the Microsoft Office 365 suite and allows users to quickly analyze data, visualize it, and create interactive dashboards. Power BI is an excellent and useful tool for visualizing data and analysis because its visualizations are easy to understand, which makes them perfect for communicating insights with non-technical users like executives or sales teams.
Power BI has integrations with many data sources, including Salesforce, Google Analytics, Amazon Redshift, SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS), Oracle Data Cloud Service (ODCS), Tableau Online/Desktop 9+, and Alteryx Analytics Platform 9+. This allows you to bring all your company's data together in one place to make better-informed decisions about your business.
7. Jupyter Notebook
Jupyter Notebook is a web application that is open-source, and it allows you, the user, to create and share documents that have code, visualizations, equations, and narrative text.
It provides several interactive widgets for the browser (or other renderers). These widgets allow you to execute and show output from code directly in your document. You can also display the results of running code chunks as figures or tables, which look great with LaTeX math expressions. Users can convert Jupyter notebooks into HTML documents by using the nbconvert tool.
Python is a programming language, and it is one of the—if not the most—popular and most used programming languages for data science. It is a high-level language that is easy to learn and use, but it's still powerful and versatile enough to build complex applications. Python also has libraries for machine learning, making it an excellent choice if you want to start working with ML models.
Python is often used with other tools in data science stacks such as Apache Spark (for big data processing) or TensorFlow (for deep learning). However, Python has many benefits for data science enthusiasts. The following are some of them:
- It has an extensive library of packages that users can use for different purposes.
- It is popular among developers and programmers worldwide, especially in India and China, where many companies use Python as their primary language for developing products, apps, and websites.
- The simplicity of Python makes it easy to learn even by those without much experience in programming languages or technology in general, making it ideal for beginners and experts alike who want to know about data science concepts through coding.
- Users can use it on multiple operating systems such as Windows OS, Mac OS X, and Linux OS, which makes it compatible with most computers today that run these operating systems efficiently without any problems whatsoever
9. Google Analytics
Google Analytics is a tool that is free and lets you track visitors to your website, apps, and social media profiles. It's a great choice for beginners or small businesses since it provides an overall picture of interaction with your brand by the people on the web.
Google Analytics also provides a free data analysis tool called Google Data Studio, which makes it easy to produce charts and graphs based on your website traffic data. Here are some benefits of using Google Analytics for data science:
- It provides valuable insights into your website visitors and customers. This allows you to see what they are doing on your site, how long they spend on each page, what pages they visit most often, etc.
- You can segment the data based on different criteria such as location, time zone, device used by the visitor, etc. With this, you get a detailed picture of who visits your site most frequently, what pages they like most, etc., which helps you make better decisions regarding future content creation and marketing campaigns.
- You can also monitor conversions from one page to another (i.e., how many people clicked on an offer) or from one link to another (i.e., how many people clicked on a specific link). This will help you identify conversion points where customers abandon their purchase process and know the reason why they did so.
10. Microsoft HDInsight
Microsoft HDInsight is a fully managed cloud service that enables data scientists to build and deploy Apache Spark, Apache Hadoop, Apache Hive, and Apache Pig applications in the cloud. It also allows you to use popular tools like R and Python without installing any software on your hardware.
As a result of tapping into Microsoft's vast cloud infrastructure and enterprise-grade security features like multi-tenancy support and HDInsight, it provides enterprise-grade performance at a lower cost. It also delivers the same simplicity as other Azure services such as SQL Database or Cosmos DB.
RapidMiner is one of the best tools for data science and analytics. It is a powerful tool with a wide range of capabilities and functions.
RapidMiner provides users with the ability to perform advanced data analytics by using its robust library of algorithms. As a result, it can help users discover hidden patterns, relationships, and other insights from their data. Data scientists can use RapidMiner in the following ways:
- Rapidly build end-to-end analytics solutions from scratch or by extending existing projects.
- Collaborate on projects and share reusable models with colleagues.
- Deliver quickly with fully production-ready deliverables that are easy to deploy
- Thousands of companies have used RapidMiner worldwide to solve complex problems of marketing, sales, finance, and human resources.
The 11 most used data science tools in 2022 are a diverse group, some being open source and others proprietary. However, they all have one thing in common—they are powerful and extensible. They can handle large datasets that more traditional analysis methods could not process.
As data science continues to evolve, grow, and change, these tools will continue to be used by analysts worldwide working on data extraction, preparation, or analysis projects.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Hassan