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  • This page is a tutorial on building a large / Citywide WiFi network/hotspot to make money. I am currently building a large WiFi network in my town so this will be a tutorial/diary.

    How to Build a Large Citywide WiFi Hotspot/Zone

    How to Build a Large Citywide WiFi Hotspot/Zone

    by SpaceShanty173

  • Tor, also known as The Onion Router, is a network of thousands of relays which can provide anonymous internet access. In this hub you'll learn how to install and configure a Tor Proxy on pfSense.

    How to Set Up a Tor Proxy Server on pfSense

    How to Set Up a Tor Proxy Server on pfSense

    by Sam Kear28

  • This article shows how to use, understand and implement the VLOOKUP function within Microsoft Excel 2016. A simple example is used to show step by step how to create a VLOOKUP that will return data from a table.

    How to Use the VLOOKUP Function in MS Excel 2016

    How to Use the VLOOKUP Function in MS Excel 2016

    by James Smith0

  • A NETWORK-ATTACHED storage (NAS) device is a great way to share files in your home and provide always-on storage.A NAS device isn’t just useful for local storage. It can also give you access to your files wherever you are in the world. This Hub shows you how to make that connection.

    How to Remotely Connect to Your NAS Device

    How to Remotely Connect to Your NAS Device

    by Raj1

  • The four functions of a computer actually explain the core reasons why it was built. These functions include data input and processing, and information output and storage.

    The Four Functions of a Computer

    The Four Functions of a Computer

    by Alfred Amuno39

  • If you find your Windows Vista PC or laptop to be too slow, here are ten easy and simple tips that you can follow to dramatically increase the performance of your computer. Each tip includes step-by-step instructions as well as visual guides to make speeding up your computer fast and easy!

    Top 10 Easy Steps to Speed Up Windows Vista

    Top 10 Easy Steps to Speed Up Windows Vista

    by Edweirdo7

  • A port is a connection point at the back of a computer where you plug in an external device such as a printer, keyboard, or scanner. This allows data to flow between the computer and attached devices.

    Types of Computer Ports and Their Functions

    Types of Computer Ports and Their Functions

    by Patrick Kamau51

  • VirtualBox is great for testing out different operating systems and makes it easy to prepare for CompTIA exams. However, wouldn't it be great if you could carry all of your virtual machines on a usb drive? Here's how to do it!

    Installing Oracle VM VirtualBox on a USB Drive

    Installing Oracle VM VirtualBox on a USB Drive

    by jesimpki2

  • Learn how to easily set up a captive portal using pfSense. Captive portals provide an easy way to authenticate users accessing the internet at Wi-Fi hotspots, hotels, apartments, or business centers.

    How to Set Up a Captive Portal Using pfSense

    How to Set Up a Captive Portal Using pfSense

    by Sam Kear33

  • The new Apple Reminders app can be a great GTD app if you set it up the right way. Discover how getting things done digitally can be more fun than ever before.

    Getting Things Done in Apple Reminders

    Getting Things Done in Apple Reminders

    by Jonathan Wylie0

  • Have you been trying to figure out a quick way to remove the white background from a simple .jpeg image? Follow the steps below to learn how to replace an image's white background with a transparent one using the tools in Adobe Illustrator.

    How to Remove the White Background of a .jpeg Image in Illustrator

    How to Remove the White Background of a .jpeg Image in Illustrator

    by Forest and Ance Kvasnikoff38

  • The Dell Latitude D430 is still a decent ultra portable notebook for basic web browsing, email and word processing needs for someone on the go, and upgrading the RAM in it can boost performance.

    Upgrading the RAM in a Dell Latitude D430

    Upgrading the RAM in a Dell Latitude D430

    by jesimpki7

  • This article shows you how to apply custom styles to bootstrap tabs. This is a step by step tutorial that shows you how to change the default bootstrap tabs styles into your own design.

    How to Style Bootstrap Tabs Step-by-Step

    How to Style Bootstrap Tabs Step-by-Step

    by wecode8

  • If you're building a gaming PC and wondering what would be the best type of RAM for your gaming rig, then here's a look at my favorites. Also learn whether CAS Latency and Speed Matter for gaming.

    Best DDR3 Gaming RAM and PC Memory 2019

    Best DDR3 Gaming RAM and PC Memory 2019

    by Brandon Hart3

  • One of the most frustrating problems in Excel is having a spreadsheet which dates are in a funny format that isn’t recognised by Excel. This hub explains how to fix this problem and put these troublesome dates into a format that Excel will recognise.

    Excel Problems - Fix Date Formats

    Excel Problems - Fix Date Formats

    by Theeyeballkid3

  • It's always a good idea to backup the configuration of your pfSense firewall or router in case something goes wrong. Config files can be backed up and restored using the web gui. You can also set up automatic off-site backups for extra security.

    How to Backup and Restore Configurations in pfSense 2.0

    How to Backup and Restore Configurations in pfSense 2.0

    by Sam Kear7

  • A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a software application that can store, manipulate and display location based data. This article explains some of the basic concepts and theory behind GIS.

    Basic Concepts in Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

    Basic Concepts in Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

    by Christopher Wanamaker2

  • The PMT function within Excel is a financial function that is used to calculate loan payments (it can also be used to calculate the value of investments over time); with the associated IPMT and PPMT functions it is easy to create a worksheet that will calculate an amortization schedule for a mortgage or other loan.

    Mortgage Loan Calculator Using Excel

    Mortgage Loan Calculator Using Excel

    by Simon Cook2

  • This article is a step by step process on how to create interactive PDF forms using Adobe Acrobat. These forms are great for saving paper, time management, and regulating the information that is necessary. This is also great for users because it is quicker which in turn will increase a response rate. These forms can be used by any company and any business setting. They are completely custom, and easy to create.

    How To Make Interactive PDF Forms in Adobe Acrobat

    How To Make Interactive PDF Forms in Adobe Acrobat

    by dappledesigns23

  • In this tutorial you will find out how to use Microsoft Excel’s NORM.DIST function to find the area of the a normal distribution. Three examples are offered to show how to find areas in the lower tail, upper tail, and middle area of a normal distribution.

    Normal Distribution in Excel: Finding Area

    Normal Distribution in Excel: Finding Area

    by Joshua Crowder0

  • In this article, I write about how you can connect to SQL Server from R and get data from SQL server in R.

    Connect to SQL Server From R

    Connect to SQL Server From R

    by Harshvardhan Diwan4

  • For beginners, it is important to know how to make use of the format menu of Microsoft Office Word 2003. It helps us to format documents we type in MS Word to achieve the desired effects.

    Using the Format Menu of Microsoft Office Word 2003

    Using the Format Menu of Microsoft Office Word 2003

    by Patrick Kamau6

  • Anything that humans drink or eat may end up on a laptop keyboard. In many cases, the laptop doesn't work afterward. Find out what to do in this situation here - all is seldom lost.

    How to Deal With a Liquid Spill on Your Laptop

    How to Deal With a Liquid Spill on Your Laptop

    by Simon Kravis1

  • In the pre-digital era, keeping any artifacts that you might want to share with your grandchildren was a matter of putting them in a box. For digital photos, videos and documents it's a lot more complicated. This article helps you decide how to do it.

    Digital Preservation for Future Genealogists

    Digital Preservation for Future Genealogists

    by Simon Kravis0

  • The article describes how to create a macro button on an Excel spreadsheet that will save and close a workbook to avoid having to select both operations. This button can save you time and can be accomplished in only a few steps. A medium level of Excel skills is required to complete this tutorial.

    How to Create a Macro Button to Save & Close an Excel Workbook

    How to Create a Macro Button to Save & Close an Excel Workbook

    by Joshua Crowder0

  • Why pay a high price for a computer monitor when you can use an HDTV for a lot less. Here’s what I learned from my research when searching for a good monitor for my desktop computer.

    The Best Computer Monitor Is an HDTV

    The Best Computer Monitor Is an HDTV

    by Glenn Stok45

  • This tutorial will show how to install Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2016 but it can be applied to Windows 2012 or Windows 2012R2. The steps are based on a scenario where there is currently no Remote Desktop Services for Windows 2012 or later installed in the domain.

    How to Setup Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2016

    How to Setup Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2016

    by sengstar20059

  • The price is right, but are Chromebooks good enough to do what you need them to do? Here are some of the pros and cons of Chromebook ownership.

    Are Chromebooks Good? Pros and Cons

    Are Chromebooks Good? Pros and Cons

    by Jonathan Wylie105

  • Analog signal processing represents data in continuous infinite values. On the other hand, digital signal processing manipulates the same in binary digits. Meanwhile, hybrid signal makes use of the best of analog and digital in order to process· data.

    Classification of Computers by Analog and Digital Signal Processing

    Classification of Computers by Analog and Digital Signal Processing

    by Alfred Amuno6

  • This tutorial will teach you how to use the file menu found in Microsoft Word 2003. It is important to familiarize with the file menu so that you can be able to work with Ms Word comfortably.

    Using the File Menu in Ms Word 2003

    Using the File Menu in Ms Word 2003

    by Patrick Kamau14

  • PfSense can easily be customized to meet your needs by installing packages. This hub contains a list of the best pfSense packages that are available and descriptions of what they do.

    The Best pfSense Packages

    The Best pfSense Packages

    by Sam Kear8

  • Whilst WiFi serves a fantastic purpose and allows us to be more mobile and access the internet from almost anywhere, it is very irritating when our connection continues to drop out.

    Why Does My WiFi Keep Turning Off?

    Why Does My WiFi Keep Turning Off?

    by AnswerQuestions5

  • Android emulators for your Windows PC let you test your new Android application before you post it on Google Play, and also let you try out new Android games and apps.

    7 Best Android App Emulators for Windows

    7 Best Android App Emulators for Windows

    by Anurag Ghosh61

  • Over time the clock on your computer can gain or lose several minutes. Correcting the time manually can be a daunting task, especially on networks with hundreds of computers. NTP allows you to automatically synchronize the clocks on all of the computers, and other devices on your network. In this hub I'll show you how to configure pfSense to function as an NTP server.

    How to Set Up an NTP Server Using pfSense and OpenNTPD

    How to Set Up an NTP Server Using pfSense and OpenNTPD

    by Sam Kear2

  • File tagging can help you find electronic documents by browsing their tags and by letting them be in more than one place a time. There’s a lot of software to help you add tags to electronic documents and then retrieve them by tag. But they aren’t all equal.

    What's the Best Software for Tagging Files?

    What's the Best Software for Tagging Files?

    by Simon Kravis29

  • A bus is a common pathway through which information is transmitted from one component to another. This pathway is used for communication and can be established between two or more computer components

    Types of Computer Buses

    Types of Computer Buses

    by Patrick Kamau127

  • CSS stands for cascading style sheet. A CSS code is used to style an HTML document. When you create a website a browsers read the HTML file and any CSS code, javascript, etc., written within the HTML and displays it according to what those codes...

    How to Make a CSS Stylesheet in Notepad

    How to Make a CSS Stylesheet in Notepad

    by Joanna3

  • In this hub I will show you how to setup dynamic DNS in pfSense. Dynamic DNS allows you to automatically update a subdomain with your public IP address. This allows you to easily access remote services on your network without the need for a static IP address.

    How to Configure Dynamic DNS in pfSense

    How to Configure Dynamic DNS in pfSense

    by Sam Kear6

  • Traffic shaping (QoS) is no longer something only expensive commercial routers can do. An inexpensive home router with custom firmware like Tomato can prioritize certain types of traffic quite well.

    Bandwidth Management for Home Networks

    Bandwidth Management for Home Networks

    by Andrew Po48

  • Microsoft Excel has become the standard spreadsheet for most business use, but with it's functionality and ease of use the advantages of Excel can be used at home as well.

    Advantages of Microsoft Excel

    Advantages of Microsoft Excel

    by Simon Cook26

  • This a tutorial that will introduce you to windows, the desktop and how to use the mouse. It is a user friendly, step by step guide good for beginners.

    Introduction to Windows

    Introduction to Windows

    by Patrick Kamau5

  • This tutorial will go through the steps of implementing a Remote Desktop Gateway on a Windows Server 2016 server. A Remote Desktop Gateway is often used to allow remote desktop clients to connect from the internet to servers behind the Remote Desktop Gateway located on the corporate network.

    How to Setup a Remote Desktop Gateway Windows Server 2016

    How to Setup a Remote Desktop Gateway Windows Server 2016

    by sengstar200528

  • When working with a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel, you may have to end up merging and unmergin cells a lot. This article covers multiple easy ways to unmerge cells in Microsoft Excel.

    How to Unmerge Cells in Microsoft Excel

    How to Unmerge Cells in Microsoft Excel

    by David Livermore6

  • Searching for a wireless mouse with long range? This article reviews a handful of the best bluetooth powered wireless mice, giving pros and cons for each one.

    Top 5 Long Range Wireless Mice for 2019

    Top 5 Long Range Wireless Mice for 2019

    by GadgetSavvy11

  • Did you think that video card that died on you the other day is ready for the recycle bin? Let's not get ahead of ourselves. I'll show you how to bring that card back from the dead better than ever! Best of all you have roughly a 30% chance of success, which is pretty good for a piece of garbage!

    How to Fix a Dead Graphics Card

    How to Fix a Dead Graphics Card

    by chriscamaro23

  • The view tab is important as it will be used to check the status of the completed document. There are important commands such as the documents view, the show or hide, and zoom command among others.

    Using the View Tab of Microsoft Office Word 2007

    Using the View Tab of Microsoft Office Word 2007

    by Patrick Kamau7

  • Reduce Excel file size using this techniques like file compression, data management, switching to a binary format and using PowerPivot or PowerQuery.

    How to Reduce a Large Excel File

    How to Reduce a Large Excel File

    by Kevin Languedoc17

  • Network applications are software applications that utilize the Internet or other network hardware infrastructure to perform useful functions such as file transfers.

    Applications of Computer Networks

    Applications of Computer Networks

    by Patrick Kamau84

  • There are three major functions of a computer system: hardware, software, and humanware. Hardware and software exist together to make up the actual computer. The humanware component adds to the life factor to bring the whole computer into a functional existence.

    The Three Major Components of a Computer System

    The Three Major Components of a Computer System

    by Alfred Amuno99

  • JPerf is a graphical utility that can be used for generating network traffic. Using this tool you can test a network link to determine the maximum amount of network throughput it can support. JPerf runs on Windows or Linux computers.

    How to Measure Network Throughput Using JPerf

    How to Measure Network Throughput Using JPerf

    by Sam Kear4

  • The role of the computer's Central processor is to fetch, decode, and execute program instructions. This is made possible because the processor has a number of internal components that help it function effectively.

    The Central Processing Unit and Its Internal Components

    The Central Processing Unit and Its Internal Components

    by Patrick Kamau21

  • Windows Task Manager can help users end unresponsive programs and applications, as well as adjust performance priorities. Learn how to open and use Task Manager today!

    How to Open and Use Task Manager on a PC

    How to Open and Use Task Manager on a PC

    by Jessica Peri0

  • Computers are used widely and are an important part of our lives. Yet there are people who don't know how to use them and that's why I've prepared this introduction to computer basics.

    Introduction to Computer Basics

    Introduction to Computer Basics

    by Patrick Kamau5

  • The article will show you how to create a set of buttons allowing you to filter a table within a spreadsheet and revert to your original view quickly. A document template for the task will be provided.

    Create a Macro Button in MS Excel 2016 to Filter Data

    Create a Macro Button in MS Excel 2016 to Filter Data

    by Joshua Crowder0

  • Input devices are essentially devices that send data or instructions to a computer. This article lists 10 examples of common input devices and explains what each is typically used for.

    Computer Basics: 10 Examples of Input Devices

    Computer Basics: 10 Examples of Input Devices

    by Paul Goodman30

  • The motherboard includes components crucial to the functioning of a computer. Among them, the Central Processing Unit and Random Access Memory. Learn more about the parts and their functions.

    Parts of a Motherboard and Their Function

    Parts of a Motherboard and Their Function

    by Patrick Kamau658

  • When you can't scroll properly with your mouse, the cause can often be due to dust and fluff which has made its way into the wheel. This is really easy to clean with little effort

    Help! - I Can't Scroll With My Mouse!

    Help! - I Can't Scroll With My Mouse!

    by Eugene Brennan15

  • If you leave your gaming machine on as much as I do, then getting a good power supply with high efficiency is ideal. Here's a look at a few of the best gaming psu.

    Best Gaming Power Supplies by Budget 2019

    Best Gaming Power Supplies by Budget 2019

    by Brandon Hart0

  • Capturing packets is one of the best ways to troubleshoot network problems. This hub explains how you can capture packets directly on a pfsense router. The capture files can be downloaded to your PC for analysis in Wireshark.

    How to Capture Packets Using pfSense

    How to Capture Packets Using pfSense

    by Sam Kear4

  • When you are almost done with your document, it is important to do some reviewing like checking spelling and grammar. This and other useful commands are found on the Review Tab of Microsoft Word 2007

    Using the Review Tab of Microsoft Office Word 2007

    Using the Review Tab of Microsoft Office Word 2007

    by Patrick Kamau10

  • This article introduces you to the basics of Microsoft Paint Program. It will enable you work with paint efficiently and easily. MS Paint can be used to create simple and detailed drawings.

    Introduction to MS Paint

    Introduction to MS Paint

    by Patrick Kamau12

  • Skype is a computer communications program that enables free voice/video calls between two computers with an Internet connection. You can also make international calls at the cost of a local call.

    3 Easy Steps to Setting Up Skype on a Computer

    3 Easy Steps to Setting Up Skype on a Computer

    by Eugene Brennan1

  • Computers are classified into six major categories according to size, with each excelling at specific functions. They are supercomputers, mainframes, minicomputers, servers, personal computers and embedded systems.

    Types of Computers: Classification of Computers by Size

    Types of Computers: Classification of Computers by Size

    by Alfred Amuno51

  • Text Boxes may contain the written word but they are really a graphic tool. Used properly, they can add polish and professionalism to any written presentation. This is my first installment in a series of tutorials on the graphic capabilities of Microsoft Word.

    Using  Word Text Boxes Effectively

    Using Word Text Boxes Effectively

    by Bruce10

  • Has your mouse button or wheel stopped working. Is it double clicking by itself? Don't buy a new mouse, take it apart first. Here's a guide to getting a Razer Deathadder mouse working again.

    How to Dismantle and Clean a Razer Deathadder Mouse

    How to Dismantle and Clean a Razer Deathadder Mouse

    by Rain Defence18

  • There are five types of systems software, all designed to control and coordinate the functions of computer hardware. They enable functional interaction between hardware, software and humanware. They are: operating systems, device drivers, firmware, programming language translators and utilities.

    The Five Types of Systems Software

    The Five Types of Systems Software

    by Alfred Amuno83

  • High quality graphs and can be achieved quite easily using Excel once you have a solid foundation of the basics. This tutorial walks you through the basics of how to graph a time series using excel. Everything from downloading a data set from the...

    How to Graph and Label Time Series Data in Excel

    How to Graph and Label Time Series Data in Excel

    by Zazuzu2

  • It is important to know how to format a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel as it can transform data into information. This article covers the basics of formatting an Excel spreadsheet.

    How to Format Spreadsheets in Microsoft Excel

    How to Format Spreadsheets in Microsoft Excel

    by Simon Cook3

  • This is a simple code for the program to estimate value of e and e^x (e power x) using factorials. It is coded by building on three different programs. The first part finds the factorial of a given number. The second one incorporates this...

    C++ Program to Estimate value of 'e' and e^x

    C++ Program to Estimate value of 'e' and e^x

    by StormsHalted2

  • Generations of computer explain the computer history timeline based on evolving technologies. The 1st had current flowing through vacuum tubes and transistors for the 2nd. The 3rd used IC chips while the 4th used microprocessor chips. 5th gen computers are meant to be artificially intelligent.

    Computer History: Classification of Generations of Computers

    Computer History: Classification of Generations of Computers

    by Alfred Amuno49

  • In this hub I'll explain how to create a bootable USB drive for installing pfSense. Installing pfSense from a USB memstick is faster and more convenient than using a CD. Using this method you can setup a new fully featured router for your network in no time.

    How to Install pfSense From a Bootable USB Stick

    How to Install pfSense From a Bootable USB Stick

    by Sam Kear11

  • Renaming a flash drive gives it a unique name that makes it easier for you to recognize and work with it. You are free to give it any name or numbers. Here is the procedure to go about it.

    How to Rename a Usb Flash Drive

    How to Rename a Usb Flash Drive

    by Patrick Kamau0

  • A beginners guide to the free Notepad++ code editor, with everything you need to know to get started as a programmer!

    A Beginners Guide to Notepad++

    A Beginners Guide to Notepad++

    by Dean Walsh20

  • The Home Tab of Microsoft Excel 2007 with its seven groups has very important commands necessary for formatting your document. The commands are discussed here in details.

    The Home Tab of Microsoft Excel 2007

    The Home Tab of Microsoft Excel 2007

    by Patrick Kamau21

  • The CPU is similar to human brain. Its performance is based on simple operations, which are called instructions. Find out how your CPU works and how its speed is measured.

    What Are the Main Functions of a CPU?

    What Are the Main Functions of a CPU?

    by Silwen20

  • FreeNAS is an open source project that allows you to turn an old computer into a network attached storage system. This hub will walk you through the process of setting up FreeNAS 8.

    FreeNAS Setup Guide - How to Build Your Own NAS

    FreeNAS Setup Guide - How to Build Your Own NAS

    by Sam Kear13

  • A number of mouse connectors have been developed, largely due to changing technology where we end up with faster and more powerful devices. Here are some of the types of mouse connectors.

    Types of Mouse and Mouse Connectors

    Types of Mouse and Mouse Connectors

    by Patrick Kamau14

  • Want to see whose connected to your PC right now? We'll open up the Windows cmd prompt, use Netstat, then use the "Foreign Address" info found to take a look at the connections on the other end.

    Use Netstat to check your Windows PC network traffic

    Use Netstat to check your Windows PC network traffic

    by Jeff Boettner8

  • These are the different computer types; supercomputers, mainframe, mini and microcomputers. They are classified according to their size, power, and performance.

    Examples of Different Computer Types

    Examples of Different Computer Types

    by Patrick Kamau144

  • This guide explains how to connect a Macbook to a TV using HDMI. Depending on what version your Mac is, you'll need a Mini-Display Port-to-HDMI-Adapter, which supports both audio and video data.

    How to Connect a Macbook to a TV Using HDMI

    How to Connect a Macbook to a TV Using HDMI

    by Tobias48

  • An easy way to protect sheets is to create a "Login" for your workbook, this can easily be achieved using VBA. Explained for people who know nothing about VBA, this guide will help you create a Login

    Excel VBA - Guide To Create A Login Form

    Excel VBA - Guide To Create A Login Form

    by Liam43

  • The motherboard form factor describes its general shape, the type of case and power supply it can use, and its physical organization. There are a number of motherboard form factors as described here.

    Motherboard Form Factors

    Motherboard Form Factors

    by Patrick Kamau10

  • Pivot tables within Microsoft Excel help you summarize large amounts of data quickly and efficiently. They are very easy to use and format and can be refreshed very quickly if the data changes.

    How to Use Pivot Tables in Microsoft Excel

    How to Use Pivot Tables in Microsoft Excel

    by Simon Cook2

  • If you’re doing eDiscovery or trying to improve your website rank, then you may already be using near-duplicate detection. If you're not, near-duplication may still be important and this article explains why and points you to some tools.

    How to Find Near-Duplicate Text Documents

    How to Find Near-Duplicate Text Documents

    by Simon Kravis0

  • In our world of data analytics and big data, there is no getting away from our beloved data crunching and wrangling tool: Excel. However, with large data sets, Excel starts to huff and puff. These 10 tips will help crunch your data for the last minute meeting like a pro.

    10 Tips for Working With Large Excel Files

    10 Tips for Working With Large Excel Files

    by Kevin Languedoc0

  • The hard disk drive has experienced numerous changes since it was invented. This has led to different types being introduced in the market. We will examine these here.

    Types of Computer Hard Disk Drives

    Types of Computer Hard Disk Drives

    by Patrick Kamau33

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