Beginner Tutorial: Basic HTML Tags

Updated on May 24, 2017

Headings, Paragraphs, Linebreak, Horizontal rule and Non-breaking Space, these are some of the most basic tags you’ll use for your html pages.

Check getting started with html tutorial for information on editors and how to start making .html files.

At the start of an html page, you probably already noticed the <html> before the HTML code. These are already examples of HTML tags. These <html> tags denote the ‘rules’ the content should follow. HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is the markup language, it is used to add “meaning” to the elements in your page.

In HTML, we provide the layout of a page by using appropriate tags. These days with HTML5 we get elements that make interactive and media rich pages easier and better than ever. HTML elements are composed of tags which are enclosed in angle brackets (like <html>, which ends with </html>). HTML tags are the building blocks in writing HTML code.

HTML tags are very easy to learn. You can view the html source code of any site on the web. You can open pages in your browser and inspect it. If you are on a page in Chrome for example, right-click and select inspect element. It will will show the html source for the part your mouse was pointing at. All modern browsers have an option to inspect or view source. Let’s start with some basic tags to see what they do.

HTML Tags

We will be covering the following tags:

1) Headings <h1> - <h6>
2) Paragraphs <p>
3) Linebreak <br>
4) Horizontal Rule <hr>
5) Non-breaking space &nbsp;

Headings <h1> - <h6>

Headings are useful building blocks for content. Whenever you visit a site, you see the different sections described by an appropriate heading. The largest headings are generally for the title. The smaller headings are often used for sub-headings, for one or a couple of paragraphs for instance.

HTML provides 6 headings, from <h1> to <h6>. To use them, simply put your heading(s) between the tags.

<h1>Basic html tags</h1>
<h2>learning tags in html</h2>

Paragraphs <p>

When you add a new line (by pressing “Return” key) in a text editor, the pointer automatically moves down. Now you can continue writing on the new line. We have to provide all the layout information on our page using HTML in order for the browser to render the content correctly. We must use <p> around the section of our content to make it a “paragraph” which will automatically surround your paragraph with newlines.

<p>Do androids dream of electric sheep?</p>

A paragraph will have a newline after and before the content.

Linebreak <br>

In order to break the line manually; that is, create a newline after a content, You use <br> tag after your section where you need to make a newline. You do not need to close this tag (by using </br>) like other HTML tags.

<p>What should we do? <br> Just keep coding</p>

Horizontal Rule <hr>

<hr> is used to create a horizontal line below the paragraph. It is used to separate the sections or for easing the reading of your content.

<p>How can I know what this Lion is speaking?</p>
<hr>

Non-breaking space  "&nbsp"

HTML supports character entities, which are non-tag elements and are written in a different way and used for different purpose. One of the common character entities is the non-breaking space (&nbsp;).

When the browser renders your HTML code, it tries to truncate spaces in your paragraphs. For instance, If you write 5 spaces in your text, then the browser will remove 4 spaces. That’s where the role of non-breaking space comes into play. In order to add the actual space to your content, you can use the &nbsp; character entity. It stops the browser from breaking a line in the wrong place.

<p>Mr. Sukiyabashi Jiro</p>

A more elaborate example

Now, let’s combine the tags we have learned into an HTML page. Although extremely basic it should give you a feel for it. Following is the HTML code of a simple landing page of a blog:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head></head>
<body>
	<h1>My Blog</h1>
	<p>My thoughts on personal development.</p>
	<h2>About Me</h2>
	<p>My Name is Sukiyabashi Jiro.<br> I'm a famous Sushi Chef.</p>
	<hr>
	<h4>Contact</h4>
	<p>contact@myemail.com</p>
</body>
</html>

Ok, now you've made your first very simple html page. If you want to learn more about webdevelopment and coding go here. I'll also release follow up articles on html and how to include more dynamic elements.

Questions & Answers

    Comments

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment

      No comments yet.

      working

      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, turbofuture.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://turbofuture.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      Necessary
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Features
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Marketing
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Statistics
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)