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Disassembling and Assembling the Computer System

Computer System

Computer System

Parts of Computer System

The computer system is made up of following external devices:

  • CPU Cabinet
  • Monitor
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Printer/scanner [if attached]


switch off the power supply and detach power cable

switch off the power supply and detach power cable

remove the CPU cabinet cover

remove the CPU cabinet cover

detach internal cables

detach internal cables

uninstall internal cards

uninstall internal cards

remove CD/DVD drives

remove CD/DVD drives

remove Hard Disk Drive

remove Hard Disk Drive

remove RAM

remove RAM

Disassembling the computer system

Detach the power cable:

The disassembling of the computer system starts with externally connected device detachment. Make sure the computer system is turned off, if not then successfully shut down the system and then start detaching the external devices from the computer system. It includes removing the power cable from electricity switchboard, then remove the cable from SMPS (switch mode power supply) from the back of the CPU Cabinet. Do not start the disassembling without detaching the power cable from the computer system. Now remove the remaining external devices like keyboard, mouse, monitor, printer or scanner from the back of CPU cabinet.

Remove the Cover:

The standard way of removing tower cases used to be to undo the screws on the back of the case, slide the cover back about an inch and lift it off. The screwdrivers as per the type of screw are required to do the task.

Remove the adapter cards:

Make sure if the card has any cables or wires that might be attached and decide if it would be easier to remove them before or after you remove the card. Remove the screw if any, that holds the card in place. Grab the card by its edges, front and back, and gently rock it lengthwise to release it.

Remove the drives:

Removing drives is easier. There can be possibly three types of drives present in your computer system, Hard disk drive, CD/DVD/Blue-ray drives, floppy disk drives (almost absolute now a day). They usually have a power connector and a data cable attached from the device to a controller card or a connector on the motherboard. CD/DVD/Blue Ray drive may have an analog cable connected to the sound card for direct audio output.

The power may be attached using one of two connectors, a Molex connector or a Berg connector for the drive. The Molex connector may require to be wiggled slightly from side to side and apply gentle pressure outwards. The Berg connector may just pull out or it may have a small tab which has to be lifted with a screwdriver.

Now Pull data cables off from the drive as well as motherboard connector. The hard disk drive and CD/DVD drives have two types of data cables. IDE and SATA cables. The IDE cables need better care while being removed as it may cause the damage to drive connector pins. Gently wiggle the cable sideways and remove it. The SATA cables can be removed easily by pressing the tab and pulling the connector straight back.

Now remove the screws and slide the drive out the back of the bay.

Remove the memory module:

Memory modules are mounted on the motherboard as the chips that can be damaged by manual force if applied improperly. Be careful and handle the chip only by the edges. SIMMs and DIMMs are removed in a different way:

  • SIMM - gently push back the metal tabs while holding the SIMM chips in the socket. Tilt the SIMM chip away from the tabs until a 45% angle. It will now lift out of the socket. Put SIMM in a safe place.
  • DIMM- There are plastic tabs on the end of the DIMM sockets. Press the tabs down and away from the socket. The DIMM will lift slightly. Now grab it by the edges and place it safely. Do not let the chips get dust at all.
remove processor

remove processor

remove the motherboard

remove the motherboard

Remove the power supply:

The power supply is attached into tower cabinet at the top back end of the tower. Make sure the power connector is detached from the switchboard. Start removing the power connector connected to motherboard including CPU fan power connector, cabinet fan, the front panel of cabinet power buttons and all the remaining drives if not detached yet.

Now remove the screws of SMPS from the back of the cabinet and the SMPS can be detached from the tower cabinet.

Remove the motherboard:

Before removing all the connectors from the motherboard, make sure u memorize the connectors for assembling the computer if required, as that may require connecting the connectors at its place. Remove the screws from the back of the motherboard and you will be able to detach it from the cabinet. Now remove the CPU fan from the motherboard. The heat sink will be visible now which can be removed by the pulling the tab upward. Finally, the processor is visible now, which can be removed by the plastic tab which can be pulled back one stretching it side way.

Assembling the computer system

The assembling of the computer system is exactly the opposite of disassembling operation. Before starting assembling the computer system, make sure you have the screws and a screwdriver for those.

The first step for assembling the computer system starts with mounting the processor on the processor socket of the motherboard. To mount the process, you don't need to apply any force. The special ZIF (zero insertion force) sockets are usually used to prevent any damage to the processor pins. Once the processor is mounted, the heat sink will be attached on top of the processor. The CPU fan is also attached on top of the heat sink.

Now the motherboard is to be fixed vertically in the tower case and the screws are fixed from behind of the motherboard.

Now line up the power supply at the top back end of the cabinet and screw it. The power connectors for motherboard power supply and CPU fan power supply are to be connected. If the cabinet cooling FAN is required then it is to be screwed at the back end grill of the cabinet and its power connector is to be connected from SMPS.

Install the CD/DVD drives at the top front end of the cabinet and screw it. Install the Hard disk drive and floppy disk drive below CD/DVD drive and screw it. Make sure once screwed there is no vibration in either of the CD/DVD, Hard disk or Floppy disk drives.

Now select the appropriate data cable and connect one end of the cable to its drive socket and another end at its appropriate connector on the motherboard. For SATA hard disk drive or CD/DVD drives use SATA cable and its power cable, else use IDE data cable. Do the proper jumper settings as per the usage requirement.

It is time now to mount the memory modules on the motherboard by aligning the RAM to its socket on the motherboard and press it downward. Make sure the side tab are fixed into the RAM notch. If not, you may still have to press a bit.

Install the internal cards to its socket and attach the cables or power cable to it. The selection of right socket or slot is required as per the type of socket.

Cover the tower by placing it and pressing towards front side and screw it.

Connect the external devices with CPU at its appropriate socket. It includes mouse and keyboard at PS2 or USB connectors. Monitor at the video output socket. Connect the power cable to the back of tower in SMPS. Plug in the power cable to the electric board.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

Question: What factors should be considered before disassembly and reassembly of a computer?

Answer: The following factors are to be considered before disassembly and reassembly.

1) Shut down the computer system before the commencement of the process. It is hazardous to perform any such activity with the computer system power on and connected with the power supply. Detach the power cable .

2) Remove all the interfaces of the devices connected with the cabinet(computer system).

3) Perform the task at the dry, non humid area to prevent environmental problem.

4) If you are inexperienced, take a picture of the inside assembly of the cabinet, so that you can attach the right thing at the right place at the time of reassembly.

5) Keep all the screw properly and fix all of them at the appropriate place

Question: What is a computer?

Answer: A computer is a piece of electronic equipment that generates the outcome based on the logic, as per the input is given by the user.

Question: What brand of computer did you assemble and disassemble?

Answer: All the brands with desktop system are mostly similar for assembling and disassembling. You just detach the external peripherals like monitor, keyboard, mouse, speaker etc and detach the power cable. Unscrew the cabinet and the disassembling of the computer begins like this.

Question: What tools are needed in assembling and disassembling a computer?

Answer: You need a screwdriver, cotton cloth, and blower.

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I want to install my new ram I turned off my PC, took out the power cable, opened the PC, loosened the 2GB of ram, took them out, put in the new 4GB ram, tightened it, put on my PC, plugged it in... And my monitors turned on, yet it shows my processor unganged mode it detect my HDD but the cmos shows that it is checksum bad. Also, my keyboard is turning on but when I click the f1 or any keys after 5 or 6 click the keyboard will turned off? I experimented by either putting in my old ram or just using one slot of ram, yet it is always the same ending. Might I have damaged my motherboard or ram slots or what can I do to fix it?

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Assembling the computer system

The assembling of the computer system is exactly the opposite of disassembling operation. Before starting assembling the computer system, make sure you have the screws and a screwdriver for those.

The first step for assembling the computer system starts with mounting the processor on the processor socket of the motherboard. To mount the process, you don't need to apply any force. The special ZIF (zero insertion force) sockets are usually used to prevent any damage to the processor pins. Once the processor is mounted, the heat sink will be attached on top of the processor. The CPU fan is also attached on top of the heat sink.

Now the motherboard is to be fixed vertically in the tower case and the screws are fixed from behind of the motherboard.

Now line up the power supply at the top back end of the cabinet and screw it. The power connectors for motherboard power supply and CPU fan power supply are to be connected. If the cabinet cooling FAN is required then it is to be screwed at the back end grill of the cabinet and its power connector is to be connected from SMPS.

Install the CD/DVD drives at the top front end of the cabinet and screw it. Install the Hard disk drive and floppy disk drive below CD/DVD drive and screw it. Make sure once screwed there is no vibration in either of the CD/DVD, Hard disk or Floppy disk drives.

Now select the appropriate data cable and connect one end of the cable to its drive socket and another end at its appropriate connector on the motherboard. For SATA hard disk drive or CD/DVD drives use SATA cable and its power cable, else use IDE data cable. Do the proper jumper settings as per the usage requirement.

It is time now to mount the memory modules on the motherboard by aligning the RAM to its socket on the motherboard and press it downward. Make sure the side tab are fixed into the RAM notch. If not, you may still have to press a bit.

Install the internal cards to its socket and attach the cables or power cable to it. The selection of right socket or slot is required as per the type of socket.

Cover the tower by placing it and pressing towards front side and screw it.

Connect the external devices with CPU at its appropriate socket. It includes mouse and keyboard at PS2 or USB connectors. Monitor at the video output socket. Connect the power cable to the back of tower in SMPS. Plug in the power cable to the electric board.

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