Essential Computer Maintenance Tips

Updated on March 10, 2020
Paul Kuehn profile image

Paul has been using computers both at work and home for the past 20 years. He has learned that regular computer maintenace is essential.

Computer Spyware

Virus, Computer, Encryption, Trojan
Virus, Computer, Encryption, Trojan | Source

Need for Regular Computer Maintenance

Owning and operating a personal computer (PC) is in many ways similar to owning and operating a car. Similar to maintaining a motor vehicle by checking engine fluid levels, tire pressures, and regularly changing the oil, it is necessary to check for spyware and malware and make sure the computer hard drive is operating efficiently. Most people recognize these facts and install security programs like Norton, McAfee, or Kaspersky on their computers.

in addition to installing a good security program on your computer, it is necessary to do other things if you want your PC to run efficiently with no unexpected "crashes" or long boot-up times. I was experiencing these problems until my friend gave me tips on regular essential computer maintenance.

The first tip was to cleanse my hard drive of unwanted deleted files and temporary files. After that, he suggested a number of things to do for regular essential computer maintenance. These essential computer maintenance tips are explained in this article.

Screen shot of Advanced System Care 9 on my personal computer
Screen shot of Advanced System Care 9 on my personal computer | Source

Essential Tips

After my friend showed me how to delete files from my hard drive, he suggested that I install a program on my PC which would take care of essential computer maintenance in addition to the Norton protection which I already have. The name of the program is Advanced System Care 12 which can be downloaded for free. This program scans for and repairs errors for 12 essential items for daily computer maintenance. The 12 items addressed in the program include spyware threats; registry errors; privacy issues; junk files; internet problems; shortcut errors; disc errors; disc optimization issues; registry fragments; performance issues; browser security issues; and security holes. Each one of these issues is discussed in this article.

Spyware Threats

According to a article, spyware is software or applications that collect and record your user information. This could be, for example, internet surfing habits, keystrokes, and private information such as usernames and passwords without your knowledge.

The capabilities of spyware can be manifested by displaying unwanted advertising or by recording your private data and transmitting it to a third party. Also, spyware can shut down your computer programs and modify or delete your files. It is also disturbing that spyware can download and install unwanted files such as computer viruses, worms, or trojans.

Registry Errors

Based on an article on, the Microsoft Windows registry is a large database holding the settings and configurations of programmed applications. This registry is the recorder of all acts of the PC. Improperly uninstalled applications, viruses, trojans, spyware, and unnecessary files can cause registry errors. If these errors are not fixed, system and application crashes will occur.

Privacy Issues

Cookie proliferation is one of the most widespread privacy issues. Cookie software keeps track of your browsing habits and personal data. Most advertising networks and marketers rely on cookies to learn about you and your purchasing habits. Other privacy issues include the seizing of cloud data and location data betrayal. I have noticed this by seeing my smartphone record all of the locations I have visited when traveling.

Junk Files

According to an article in, junk files are created by Windows and other programs that write temporary files to your hard disc. This is done during the installation of programs and when they are up and running to make sure the programs work. The big problem is that if these junk files are not removed from your hard disc, they waste important disc space for your computer to run optimally.

Internet Problems

Internet problems are present in the display of 4xx error messages and failed DNS lookup messages. They can also be caused by firewalls not allowing a connection to a network.

Shortcut Errors

Based on an article on, shortcuts on a desktop or in the Start button help us to quickly and easily get the folders, files, and programs we need for work. When we click on a shortcut, however, and it isn't working, we will see an error message for a broken shortcut. A shortcut becomes broken when the file or program it points to has been removed or deleted.

Disc Errors

According to, following a defragmenting of your hard drive disc, if you still see subpar computer performance, you must repair disc errors on your hard drive. Hard disc errors are usually caused by power outages, hardware failures, poor system maintenance, viruses, or human error. A program like Advanced System Care 12 lists and corrects errors on the hard disc like bad sectors, lost clusters, and cross-linked files.

Disc Optimization Issues

According to, disk optimization is a process in which the physical location of files on a hard disc is "streamlined." Files and metadata are re-arranged to improve data access times and minimize time moving a hard drive's head. Files can become fragmented over time as they are changed and saved and as the disc is filled with different parts of a single file stored in different locations on a disc. The process of collecting file fragments and putting them back together again is called optimization.

Registry Fragments

According to Wikipedia, registry fragments or fragmentation happens when the file system cannot or will not allocate enough contiguous space to store a complete file as a unit, but instead puts parts of it in gaps between existing files. Larger files and a greater number of files also add to fragmentation and performance loss.

Performance Issues

Fragmentation of files is one of the main performance issues causing sluggish boot-up times and occasional crashes.

Browser Security Issues

Based on a Wikipedia article, browser security is the application of Internet security to web browsers to protect networked data and computer systems from breaches of privacy or malware. Security exploits of browsers often use Javascript.

Security Holes

A security hole, also known as a computer vulnerability, is a flaw in a system that can be exploited. If discovered, security holes are gateways for hackers to install malicious software and perhaps start an attack on your computer if these holes aren't found and patched. With Advanced System Care 12, Windows security updates are downloaded and installed if they haven't already been done so.


Essential computer maintenance involves more than just installing a security system like Norton, Kaspersky or McAfee which checks for viruses and spyware. It entails ensuring that Windows security updates are downloaded and installed on your computer. The regular deletion of temporary junk files and the defragmentation of your computer's hard disc drive is also important for efficient optimal computer operation. By installing Advanced System Care 12, you will be able to scan for and fix 12 essential items for computer maintenance.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

© 2016 Paul Richard Kuehn


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    • Paul Kuehn profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Richard Kuehn 

      3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      Victoria, I am very happy that you found this hub useful. I have been very pleased using Advanced System Care 9, and I think you will like it, too.

    • profile image

      Victoria Lynn 

      3 years ago

      Thanks for all this information. I've been having problems with malware that is hard to get rid of. Thanks for the recommendation of Advanced System Care 9. I plan to try it!

    • Paul Kuehn profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Richard Kuehn 

      3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      Thank you very much for your comments. I am very happy that this hub was of assistance to you.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      You have answered a few questions I've had on my computer maintenance. This is valuable for those who need help getting their computer clean and running well.

    • Paul Kuehn profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Richard Kuehn 

      3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      Thank you very much for commenting, BlossomSB. Good luck with your essential computer maintenance!

    • Paul Kuehn profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Richard Kuehn 

      3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      Thanks for commenting, Larry! I am very pleased that you found this article helpful. I keep learning things about computer maintenance every day.

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 

      3 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Thanks for the ideas on what I should be doing.

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      3 years ago from Oklahoma

      Very helpful! I am anything but computer savvy and can use all the help I can get.


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