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Computer Words: Short Forms (Acronyms) and Long Forms

Computer Short Form

Here are some vocabulary words used in the computing field, with their short forms (acronyms) and long forms. Also below are some units used in talking about computing.

Computer Words

Short Form (Acronym)Long Form

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

BIOS

Basic Input/Output System

CAD

Computer-Assisted Design, or Computer-Aided Drafting

CD

Compact Disk

CPU

Central Processing Unit

DVD

Digital Versatile Disk

DVI

Digital Visual Interface

EBCDIC

Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

EEPROM

Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EPROM

Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

FDD

Floppy Disk Drive

GUI

Graphical User Interface

HDD

Hard Disk Drive

HDMI

High-Definition Multimedia Interface

HLL

High-Level Language

HTML

Hypertext Markup Language

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

I/O

Input/Output

IP

Internet Protocol

IPS

In-Plane Switching (or Instructions Per Second)

ISP

Internet Service Provider

LAN

Local Area Network

LCD

Liquid-Crystal Display

LED

Light-Emitting Diode

LLL

Low-Level Language

MAN

Metropolitan Area Network

MIPS

Millions of Instructions Per Second

NTP

Network Time Protocol

POST

Power-On Self-Test

PROM

Programmable Read-Only Memory

PSU

Power Supply Unit

RAID

Redundant Array of Independent Disks (or Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks)

RAM

Random Access Memory

ROM

Read-Only Memory

SMPS

Switched-Mode Power Supply

SMS

Short Message Service

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SSD

Solid State Drive

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TN

Twisted Nematic

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

USB

Universal Serial Bus

VDU

Visual Display Unit

VGA

Video Graphics Array

WAN

Wide Area Network

WWW

World Wide Web

Computer Units

*In binary computer nomenclature these prefixes are used for powers of 1024, not powers of 1000.

Short Form (Acronym)Long Form

4 bits

= 1 nibble

8 bits

= 1 byte

1 kilobit per second (kbps)

= 125 bytes per second (Bps)

1 Megabit per second (Mbps)

= 0.125 megabytes per second (MBps)

1024 bytes

= 1 kilobyte (KB)*

1024 kB

= 1 megabyte (MB)*

1024 MB

= 1 gigabyte (GB)*

1024 GB

= 1 terabyte (TB)*

1024 TB

= 1 petabyte (PB)*

1024 PB

= 1 exabyte (EB)*

1024 EB

= 1 zettabyte (ZB)*

1024 ZB

= 1 yottabyte (YB)*

"Computer," Short Form and Long Form

 

 

 

COMPUTER

Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research

 

COMPUTER

Completely Obedient Machine Provided User Types Everything Right

 

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

© 2012 myonlineworld

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