How To Install Exchange Server 2016

Updated on December 27, 2016

Co-Existence with Previous Exchange Versions

If you are planning to install into an existing Exchange Organization, there should be no 2007 version or earlier in the Organization.

If you have Exchange 2007 or earlier, then unfortunately you would have to upgrade to Exchange 2010 first. This would involve you installing a new Exchange 2010 server into the existing Exchange Organization and then migrating the mailboxes to the Exchange 2010 server.

Once all the mailboxes have been migrated to the Exchange 2010 server, you can then decommission the Exchange 2007 or earlier server before you can install Exchange 2016.

Domain and Forest Functional Level Requirements

Domain Controllers

The domain and forest functional levels need to be Windows 2008 or later. All Windows 2003 domain controllers must either be upgraded or demoted.

The server you are going to install Exchange on MUST be part of the Active Directory domain.

Minimum Hardware Requirements

Processor Requirements for running on Bare Metal Server

  • Intel Processor that supports Intel 64 architecture
  • AMD Processor that supports the AMD64 platform

Intel Itanium IA64 processors ARE NOT supported

Virtual Processor Requirements

Microsoft didn’t specify the exact requirements but my recommendation is 2 Virtual Cores minimum.


  • For Exchange Server with the Mailbox Role – 8 Gig minimum
  • For Exchange Server with the Edge Transport Role – 4 Gig minimum

Page File Size

The page size on the Exchange server needs to be set to the size of the RAM plus 10 MB, to a maximum of 32 Gigs if using more than 32 Gigs of RAM.

Disk Space

Microsoft recommends:

30 GB minimum on the drive which you will install Exchange.
An additional 500 MB of available disk space for each Unified Messaging (UM) language pack that you plan to install.

200 MB minimum of available disk space on the system drive.

500 MB minimum of available disk space on the hard disk that stores the message queue database.

File Format of Disk Partitions Supported by Exchange Server 2016

Exchange 2016 supports the NTFS file system.

It also supports the newer ReFS file system for partitions containing transaction log files, database files, and content indexing files.

Supported Operating Systems

Only Windows Server 2012 or later are supported for the installation of Exchange 2016 and its different Exchange roles

The Exchange 2016 Management Tools can also be installed on the 64 bit versions of Windows 8.1 or Windows 10.

Windows Server 2012 or later must be running in Desktop Experience mode i.e. GUI mode.

If you have installed Windows Server 2012 or 2012R2 in Windows Server Core mode, you can issue a PowerShell command similar to the below to change it to GUI mode.

Install-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra, Server-Gui-Shell -Restart

If you have installed Windows Server 2016 as a Standard installation, which is the equivalent of server core, or have installed Windows Server 2016 as a Nano server, then you will need to reinstall the operating system before being able to install Exchange Server 2016. You will need to select the Desktop Experience installation option during setup.

Running Setup of Exchange Server 2016

Insert the DVD, open up the drive in explorer and run Setup.

Setup will ask if we want to Check for Updates. Let’s select Don’t check for updates right now and click next.

We will select Don’t use recommended settings and click next.

Server Role Selection

We will select the Mailbox role, and Automatically install Windows Server roles and features that are required to install Exchange Server and click next.

Note that in Exchange 2016, when you select the Mailbox role, it will by default install the Management tools and grey out the Edge Transport role. The Edge Transport role is usually installed on a server that will sit in a perimeter network, providing secure mail flow in and out of the organisation. For our purposes, mail will flow directly in and out of this Exchange server.

Installation Space and Location

Select the installation location. In this case, we’ll leave it on the C drive. Normally you would create another partition where you will install the Exchange application to.

Exchange Organization

Specify the name for your Exchange Organization. Normally this would be the name of your company but in our case, we will be uncreative and call it First Organization.

DO NOT tick Apply Active Directory split permissions security model to the Exchange organization.

You would use this if your organisation was large enough so that groups of people are allowed to create Active Directory user accounts only and another set of people are allowed to setup Exchange mailboxes only.

Click next.

Malware Protection Settings

Malware scanning is enabled by default.

However, it will prompt you to allow you to Disable malware scanning. Choose No, and click next.

Readiness Checks

The Exchange setup will now start to verify if setup can continue. It will also start to install any required features or roles since we had told it to do it automatically.

The setup will now respond back with a list of tasks that we need to perform in order to be able to continue with the setup.

The first step is to reboot the server for new roles and features to take effect.

We will restart the server, and follow the preceding steps again, and look at the next list of tasks that we need to perform for the Readiness Checks.

After restarting the server and going through all the preceding setup steps, we should get another Readiness Checks message like below.

Install the Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0

We only now have to install the Microsoft Unified Communications Managed API 4.0.

This can be downloaded from the link given in the error message.

Make sure to leave this Readiness Checks message window opened. After we install the UCM API 4.0, we can then just click on retry .

If you are doing this from the server itself, you must turn off Internet Explorer Enhanced Security otherwise it won’t let you do a download. To turn off Internet Explorer Enhanced Security, go to Server Manager, and select the option to turn it off.

After clicking on the link, click Download and save the installer. Then run it.

If you had closed the previous Readiness Checks message window, then you would need to go through the setup steps again.

If you had left the Readiness Checks message window open, you can now just click on retry.

We should now be presented with an option to install. We can safely ignore the warnings because we neither have Exchange 2013 nor Exchange 2010 in our Exchange Organization. This will be the first Exchange server.

The setup has completed, but we need to restart the server to complete the Exchange server installation.

Keep note of the link to the post-installation tasks. We will need to use this to configure our Exchange server so it can communicate with the outside world:

Once the server has restarted, log into the server, and connect to the Exchange Administration Center. This can be achieved by clicking the Windows Start button, and typing in Exchange Administration Center.

Click Continue to this website (not recommended) and ignore the warning. We know that this is a safe site.

Log in with the Administrator account that you had previously used to install Exchange.


We have now installed Exchange Server 2016. We have verified that the Exchange server has been installed correctly by logging in. You can now create mailboxes.

However, in its current state, you can only send and receive e-mails between the mailboxes on this Exchange server.

We will need to do some Post Installation Tasks to enable our server to communicate with the outside world.

In the next tutorial, we will look at configuring the Exchange server so we can send and receive emails with the outside world.

To go to the next tutorial, you can click the link here :

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)