Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

Updated on December 22, 2017
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I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.


What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt ket (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.

  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.

  • F5: Refresh page.

  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.

  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.

  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.

  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.

  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.

  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.

  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.

  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.

  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.

  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.

  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.

  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.

  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.

  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager

  • msinfo32: System Information

  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup

  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console

  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)

  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)

  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)

  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)

  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)

  • notepad: Notepad

  • wordpad: WordPad

  • calc: Calculator

  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger

  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint

  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player

  • rstrui: System restore

  • control: Opens the Control Panel

  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box

  • cmd: Command Prompt

  • iexplore: Internet Explorer

  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management

  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management

  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management

  • services.msc: Services

  • eventvwr: Event Viewer

  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers

  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Mac OS
Go back a page.
Command + Left Arrow
Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page.
Command + Right Arrow
Alt + Right Arrow
Reload current page.
Toggle between full screen and regular screen.
Command + Shift + F
Stop page from loading.
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return
Ctrl + Enter
Complete a .net address.
Shift + Return
Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history.
Command + Shift + Delete
Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Display available bookmarks.
Command + Shift + B
Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window.
Command + J
Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Opens a new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Close the tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close window.
Command + Shift + W
Ctrl + Shift + W
Undo the close of a window.
Command + Shift + N
Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Tab
Go to bottom of page.
Command + Down Arrow
Go to top of page.
Command + Up Arrow
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Open new window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Open new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.
Command + Option + Right Arrow
Ctrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.
Command + Option + Left Arrow
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.
Command + [
Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.
Command + ]
Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close current window.
Command + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.
Command + Option + B
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open History page.
Command + Y
Ctrl + H
Open Downloads page.
Command + Shift + J
Ctrl + J
Open Find Bar.
Command + F
Ctrl + F
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Save current page.
Command + S
Ctrl + S
Reload current page.
Command + R
Save current page as a bookmark.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.
Command + Ctrl + F

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.

  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.

  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.

  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.

  2. Click the Shortcut tab.

  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.


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    • profile image

      Pu James 24 hours ago

      Awesome shortcut key hack.


    • profile image

      shahidkarim 38 hours ago

      nice work

    • profile image

      Aniruddha Ghosh 4 days ago

      Super Excellent

    • profile image

      Mani Andavar 5 days ago

      Very excellent notes....

    • profile image

      Ajay 11 days ago

      Very good collective knoledge

    • profile image

      ashok 11 days ago

      its so awesome

    • profile image

      sanjay 12 days ago


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      Anna 12 days ago

      Thanks for the help! I can finally learn new tricks!

    • profile image

      elle 2 weeks ago


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      Liza 2 weeks ago

      Very useful

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      Max 2 weeks ago


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      MMS 2 weeks ago

      Thanx alot

    • profile image

      MA 2 weeks ago

      thank you so much, your a life saver!!!!

    • profile image

      Nanda kishor barik 2 weeks ago

      It's very useful. thank you so much sir

    • profile image

      Loganathan L 3 weeks ago


    • profile image

      Rajesh Kumar Maurya 3 weeks ago

      Nice and lovely

    • profile image

      Ranjithkumar 3 weeks ago

      thank you so much..,

    • profile image

      Asif 3 weeks ago

      A big bundle of thanks to you really helpful information for beginners

    • profile image

      Atul sahani 3 weeks ago

      great post

    • profile image

      Sonu 3 weeks ago

      So nice

    • profile image

      Ankit 3 weeks ago

      Think you computer

    • profile image

      RAMRAMESH 3 weeks ago

      It's very useful to finish our short work

    • profile image

      Jeff lol 4 weeks ago

      Ctrl + Shift + T opens up the previous page you closed

    • profile image

      sunil 4 weeks ago


    • profile image

      shankar SP 4 weeks ago

      its very usefull thanks to all

    • profile image

      cheng david 4 weeks ago

      it is usefull thx

    • profile image

      Rejaur Rahman Sohag 4 weeks ago

      Thank you Sir...

    • profile image

      hjfuyirongbho 4 weeks ago

      thanks for helping

    • profile image

      lakhinana.sai charan 4 weeks ago

      the sort cut key for shut down ;please share the answer

    • profile image

      Hey 4 weeks ago

      I want more and important short cuts ,please share.

    • profile image

      Sandeep honey 4 weeks ago

      Very easiar

    • profile image

      Benakyn 4 weeks ago

      Nice Help, thanks!

      But maybe too much. You repeated yourself sometimes (somethings are in there twice)

    • profile image

      hi 4 weeks ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      Kiran 4 weeks ago

      Thanks for helping

    • profile image

      jiban 5 weeks ago


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      guru prasad 5 weeks ago

      It is useful in computer exam

    • profile image

      subham 5 weeks ago

      very good

    • profile image

      bruh 6 weeks ago


    • profile image

      Shreyash 6 weeks ago

      Thank you

    • profile image

      Patrick 6 weeks ago

      This is very helpful!

    • profile image

      Andrew Shafi 6 weeks ago

      Nice and helpful

    • profile image

      Kelvin de Stein 6 weeks ago

      good job amazingi and easy helpful to user keep it up

    • profile image

      ibn oumer 6 weeks ago

      thank you so much

    • profile image

      Ismail_Khan 7 weeks ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      mark anthony piala 7 weeks ago

      i need the keyboard shortcut for reformatting my netbook.

    • profile image

      Prakash 7 weeks ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Mhiz smart 7 weeks ago

      Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      Prabal 7 weeks ago

      All of the shortcut are useful for me and all thanx for knowledge thanx

    • profile image

      Vidhi 7 weeks ago

      Thanks to help in my exam

    • profile image

      Vikram's Kumar 7 weeks ago

      Very good

    • profile image

      Velani Nishit 8 weeks ago

      Thank you very much.

    • profile image

      raj 8 weeks ago

      I like this

    • profile image

      Brian 8 weeks ago

      Its so nice

    • profile image

      Akash upadhyay 8 weeks ago

      This is very important and good for

      learning the shortcut keys of


    • profile image

      pallavi 8 weeks ago

      thanks for help sir

    • profile image

      Corwin Taylor 8 weeks ago

      I liked what you gave us but i want to see " Ctrl + / " please.


    • profile image

      bijoy k k 2 months ago

      Very helpful for the learners like me

    • profile image

      bishwajit 2 months ago

      Thankyou very much

    • profile image

      Saivikas 2 months ago

      Thank q

      For this Kindly Information

    • profile image

      Sangeetha 2 months ago

      Thank You, They are helpful.

    • profile image

      Rohit 2 months ago

      Nice work

    • profile image

      sam 2 months ago

      how to remember those keys

    • profile image

      Dipankar 2 months ago

      Very very useful for every one.

    • profile image

      Mohan 2 months ago

      Very useful

    • profile image

      CHAMARI 2 months ago

      Truly appreciate it’s successful lesson for everyone. Thanks!

    • profile image

      Designer 2 months ago

      I still don't get short cuts for switching of computer

    • profile image

      Raj 2 months ago


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      Zeeshan 2 months ago

      nice post

    • profile image

      sandeep 2 months ago

      thank you

      its very nice

    • profile image

      Dimple Chauhan 2 months ago

      Thanks for increase my knowledge

    • profile image

      HASSAN KAZMY 2 months ago

      Great knowledge..I am very much interested in this article and it is very helpful in my next projects...Thanks

    • profile image

      dinisha 2 months ago

      Thanx alot!! It has everything...benificial..when one have computer exams!!

    • profile image

      Hemant 2 months ago

      Good to understand.....

    • profile image

      Louis 2 months ago

      Nice & perfect

    • profile image

      darksider 2 months ago


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      Ummidi venkatavishnu 2 months ago


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      abdul 2 months ago


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      Muskan 2 months ago


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      Earl 2 months ago

      Very useful. How did you find these shortcuts? Does Microsoft publish a secret memo, or did you just sit down at the keyboard and start pushing combinations and see what happened? Either way, it's great.

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      VIRU 2 months ago


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      Aditya Raj 2 months ago

      Good Notes


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      SUHAIL 2 months ago

      Easy to understand......

    • profile image

      Prem 2 months ago

      Waw good documents in trips

    • profile image

      Ashish Jaiswal 2 months ago

      It's helpful for us, Thanks

    • profile image

      Mk 2 months ago

      Please provide in PDF for exam view

    • profile image

      Manoj Dhami computer Operator Darchula 2 months ago

      Thanks for Help

    • profile image

      lakha singh 2 months ago

      very fine sir

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      chinu hada 2 months ago


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      m rizwan 2 months ago

      very good

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      rocj 2 months ago

      good presentation for easy understanding

    • profile image

      AMAN MAHI 2 months ago

      Good notes

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      Anish akki 2 months ago

      Very helpful for everyone....i like it

    • profile image

      raj 2 months ago

      very usefull

    • profile image

      Darlene 2 months ago

      Very helpful, thank you :)

    • profile image

      MANIKANTA M 3 months ago

      It's very nice

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      anshu 3 months ago

      Very good and nice

    • profile image

      anshu 3 months ago

      very nice

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      maneesh 3 months ago

      nice to read and remember,, TQ

    • profile image

      sheetal 3 months ago

      thank you very much

    • profile image

      Aditya Rajput 3 months ago