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Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.

What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt key (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.
  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.
  • F5: Refresh page.
  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.
  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.
  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.
  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.
  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.
  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.
  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.
  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.
  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.
  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.
  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.
  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.
  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager
  • msinfo32: System Information
  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup
  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)
  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console
  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)
  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)
  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)
  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)
  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)
  • notepad: Notepad
  • wordpad: WordPad
  • calc: Calculator
  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger
  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint
  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player
  • rstrui: System restore
  • control: Opens the Control Panel
  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box
  • cmd: Command Prompt
  • iexplore: Internet Explorer
  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management
  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management
  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management
  • services.msc: Services
  • eventvwr: Event Viewer
  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers
  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

CommandMac OSWindows

Go back a page.

Command + Left Arrow

Alt + Left Arrow

Go forward a page.

Command + Right Arrow

Alt + Right Arrow

Reload current page.



Toggle between full screen and regular screen.

Command + Shift + F


Stop page from loading.



Complete a .com address.

Command + Return

Ctrl + Enter

Complete a .net address.

Shift + Return

Shift + Enter

Complete a .org address.

Command + Shift + Return

Ctrl + Shift + Enter

Clear recent history.

Command + Shift + Delete

Ctrl + Shift + Delete

Add a bookmark for the current page.

Command + D

Ctrl + D

Display available bookmarks.

Command + Shift + B

Ctrl + Shift + B

Display the download window.

Command + J

Ctrl + J

Open a new browser window.

Command + N

Ctrl + N

Print current page.

Command + P

Ctrl + P

Opens a new tab.

Command + T

Ctrl + T

Close the tab.

Command + W

Ctrl + W

Close window.

Command + Shift + W

Ctrl + Shift + W

Undo the close of a window.

Command + Shift + N

Ctrl + Shift + N

Undo the close of a tab.

Command + Shift + T

Ctrl + Shift + T

Moves through each of the open tabs.

Ctrl + Tab

Ctrl + Tab

Go to bottom of page.

Command + Down Arrow


Go to top of page.

Command + Up Arrow


Scroll to Continue
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts


Open new window.

Command + N

Ctrl + N

Open new tab.

Command + T

Ctrl + T

Reopen the last closed tab.

Command + Shift + T

Ctrl + Shift + T

Move to next tab.

Command + Option + Right Arrow

Ctrl + Tab

Move to previous tab.

Command + Option + Left Arrow

Ctrl + Shift + Tab

Open previous page in browsing history.

Command + [

Alt + Left Arrow

Open next page in browsing history.

Command + ]

Alt + Right Arrow

Close current tab.

Command + W

Ctrl + W

Close current window.

Command + Shift + W

Alt + F4

Open Bookmarks Manager.

Command + Option + B

Ctrl + Shift + O

Open History page.

Command + Y

Ctrl + H

Open Downloads page.

Command + Shift + J

Ctrl + J

Open Find Bar.

Command + F

Ctrl + F

Print current page.

Command + P

Ctrl + P

Save current page.

Command + S

Ctrl + S

Reload current page.

Command + R


Save current page as a bookmark.

Command + D

Ctrl + D

Toggle full-screen mode.

Command + Ctrl + F


How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.
  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.
  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.
  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.
  2. Click the Shortcut tab.
  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.


oj tompdon on August 31, 2020:

thx man this helped me alot

Ayinde Oluwaseun Olanrewaju Joseph on August 14, 2020:


K Harihar Rao on August 10, 2020:

Awesome shortcut keys, these keys are very useful for fast typing in any sector

Anthony Phelekena on August 04, 2020:

This is awesome and interesting i will memorise all of them.

fazal ahamad on July 30, 2020:

what a strnge powerful short cut key .

but i suggest all of key is very powerful key so student are impressive .

Adekunle sugar on June 27, 2020:

nice one

Ravi Punati on June 17, 2020:

Nice indepth infor.thanks

Amara on June 17, 2020:

not bad

juwel on June 16, 2020:


vikram singh rajawat on June 07, 2020:


i am impressed

Shubham pandey on June 05, 2020:

I am a student and this is very important to me and all the students

Tabi Shah on June 03, 2020:

Great Creative wonderful command to use helpful in my office thanx dear

ROCKYPRO on June 01, 2020:


HELPS A LOT.....THANKU SO MUCH on May 28, 2020:


Aimee on May 25, 2020:

Such a great creative,productive and useful information .

nasyat on May 23, 2020:

it was helpfull for my productivity.

thanks a lottt

Bugh on May 22, 2020:

Thank you so much! I needed this

Ajeet Prajapati on May 21, 2020:


giovany on May 21, 2020:

helps A LOT!!!

DAMIRU on May 18, 2020:


varma on May 16, 2020:

useful document

perfect job on May 13, 2020:

superb support

Tamale on May 12, 2020:

Thank you so much

Tamale on May 12, 2020:

Thank you so much

KC on May 12, 2020:

Thank u so much this helped me so much abt finding key short cuts for my assignment. Thanks for having the time to do all of this, must of spent hours.

Thanks again :)

KK on May 12, 2020:

thank you

Who Stole my Bike! on May 12, 2020:

Good Job!

Sam Agnew on May 10, 2020:


Donzy on May 09, 2020:

nice 2 see shortcut.

Dilsha on May 09, 2020:

its useful

Shekaran on May 05, 2020:

Good Work

P Ness on May 04, 2020:


jambu on April 22, 2020:

oh thanks

PokeBot on April 20, 2020:

yes. noice, yeh good

DON on April 16, 2020:

That's some needy stuff, Mate. Thanks for sharing.

SAYED PIR ALI SHAH on April 15, 2020:

It was my need. Thanks

baby anthony on April 08, 2020:

very enjoyable

TheGuyWhoWantedToBeATechWizard on March 31, 2020:

Very Helpful!!!!!!!!!!!

harper couli on March 30, 2020:

thank you so much

RobloxScreenShot20180708_182233964 on March 29, 2020:

Thank You!

bashir on March 23, 2020:


Geeth on March 18, 2020:

is goood

Chandan Paswan on March 13, 2020:

Thank you so much

bello aliyu on March 12, 2020:

thanks alots for your contribution

Bread on March 06, 2020:


lord cock on March 04, 2020:


Badbombbrady on March 04, 2020:

thank god someone knows these

Samuel t.fallah on February 29, 2020:


Bob on February 24, 2020:

this is so lit. thanks so much,


Alex on February 23, 2020:

so good thanks

very useful


John Maneje on February 21, 2020:

Thank you!

Abby on February 19, 2020:

Thank you very much.....

ARIVALAGAN on February 16, 2020:

thanks ..veryuseful thankyou.....

pat on February 15, 2020:

making life easier

Dickson Prosper on February 13, 2020:

Nice shortcuts

It make my PC easy for me to use waa

ABDULRAHMAN YARO on February 09, 2020:

We are Very grateful for your creating this website.

ling ling on February 04, 2020:

thought this is a website that shares quite a fair amount of knowledge, ive found it quitw hard to understand why there is no toilet shortcut

Rahul Gabhane on February 03, 2020:

Thanks... it's very useful for all.

Rajib Morol on February 02, 2020:

Nice , i already use windows + d to hide Display

Jorge Rios Roman on January 31, 2020:


raghu yadav on January 30, 2020:

super tips

Papan on January 29, 2020:

It's really helpful...Thank you alot

Anonimous on January 28, 2020:


Conduct on January 28, 2020:

I will use ctrl+w to close this tab

joesel on January 27, 2020:

really helpful

Succ on January 24, 2020:

thanks I guess

Sideshow bob on January 23, 2020:

Thanks a bunch!

Bob Showman on January 21, 2020:


ss on January 16, 2020:

um thanks i guess

Bailey on January 15, 2020:

Thank you so much!!!!!!!!!!

Koh kee hoong on January 14, 2020:

Update my posb debit card number

seth on January 14, 2020:


prince kermah on January 13, 2020:

This is very greatly to good knowledge

Aisyah on January 12, 2020:

Thank you for the info shared.

God bless!

paili sankar on January 10, 2020:

how to coming sereen short windows 10

Name on January 09, 2020:

Is there something to switch user on windows, or to reload all tabs on chrome?

syed on January 09, 2020:

how to go incognito on chrome?


U SUCK MON on January 07, 2020:

hold the windows key and press X then tap U twice

ARCHIES on December 29, 2019:

This all shortcuts are amazingly wonderfully helpful and nice thanks a lot for this and creativity of the circle is amazing thanks to you

Bleu on December 27, 2019:

Thanks a lot!

very helpful.

Himanshu on December 21, 2019:

Literally Useful Keys

Pspsp on December 11, 2019:

Any way to open a specific thing in another tab?

- Instead of right clicking what you want to open and pressing ' open in new tab '

John on December 11, 2019:


dude on December 10, 2019:

how to go incognito on chrome?

Bala on December 07, 2019:

Nice work there

Please add File manager shortcut:

ALT + D -Control goes to Address Bar

Useful in selecting folder paths

samuel on December 03, 2019:

Its help alot in saving time and effort

abcd on December 03, 2019:

thanks a lot

bdlove24 on November 28, 2019:

Thanks a lot

Raja mustafa on November 26, 2019:

it`s Big brain time ..

urboi on November 24, 2019:

its big brain time

Amrith pujari on November 21, 2019:


mohammed on November 19, 2019:

knew most of it please tell us something new like how the shortcut to find hidden objects in windows 10 plss

yeetyeet on November 19, 2019:

nice epic gamer moment bro

Vipul Lokhande on November 09, 2019:

Nice Information and Thank you...!

aadesh maurya on November 06, 2019:

very good

Smady on November 06, 2019:

Thanks this was very helpful

Saurabh kasaudhan on November 06, 2019:

Nice and thank you bro

S on November 04, 2019:

Excellent article! I love the way how shortcuts for particular key are arranged in circles! Thank you!

Akcons on November 04, 2019:

great work. Thanks.

krishna on October 30, 2019:

very very thanks bro

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