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Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

Updated on October 31, 2017
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I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.

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What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt ket (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.

  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.

  • F5: Refresh page.

  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.

  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.

  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.

  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.

  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.

  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.

  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.

  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.

  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.

  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.

  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.

  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.

  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.

  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager

  • msinfo32: System Information

  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup

  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console

  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)

  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)

  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)

  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)

  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)

  • notepad: Notepad

  • wordpad: WordPad

  • calc: Calculator

  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger

  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint

  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player

  • rstrui: System restore

  • control: Opens the Control Panel

  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box

  • cmd: Command Prompt

  • iexplore: Internet Explorer

  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management

  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management

  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management

  • services.msc: Services

  • eventvwr: Event Viewer

  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers

  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
Mac OS
Windows
Go back a page.
Command + Left Arrow
Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page.
Command + Right Arrow
Alt + Right Arrow
Reload current page.
F5
F5
Toggle between full screen and regular screen.
Command + Shift + F
F11
Stop page from loading.
Esc
Esc
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return
Ctrl + Enter
Complete a .net address.
Shift + Return
Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history.
Command + Shift + Delete
Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Display available bookmarks.
Command + Shift + B
Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window.
Command + J
Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Opens a new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Close the tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close window.
Command + Shift + W
Ctrl + Shift + W
Undo the close of a window.
Command + Shift + N
Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Tab
Go to bottom of page.
Command + Down Arrow
End
Go to top of page.
Command + Up Arrow
Home
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
MacOS
Windows
Open new window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Open new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.
Command + Option + Right Arrow
Ctrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.
Command + Option + Left Arrow
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.
Command + [
Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.
Command + ]
Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close current window.
Command + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.
Command + Option + B
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open History page.
Command + Y
Ctrl + H
Open Downloads page.
Command + Shift + J
Ctrl + J
Open Find Bar.
Command + F
Ctrl + F
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Save current page.
Command + S
Ctrl + S
Reload current page.
Command + R
F5
Save current page as a bookmark.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.
Command + Ctrl + F
F11

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.

  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.

  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.

  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.

  2. Click the Shortcut tab.

  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.

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    • profile image

      soni goswami 3 hours ago

      good ..... idea sir

    • profile image

      mohaaa 27 hours ago

      well and good

    • profile image

      Rohit Ghorai 2 days ago

      West Bengal.. Paschim medinipur

    • profile image

      Edwin 2 days ago

      Impressive and beautifully creative representation of sufficiently relevant information. Thank you.

    • profile image

      Shamshad Ahmad 2 days ago

      I like it

      thnks

    • profile image

      Use 3 days ago

      Super

    • profile image

      Vaishali patil 5 days ago

      Ctrl+:(Enter todays date ) applicable foe Mircrosoft Excel only

    • profile image

      AVIJIT SOW 5 days ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      Mohan B 7 days ago

      Many.... Thanks.. Thanks... &.. Thanks

    • profile image

      krishna kushwaha 7 days ago

      thank you sir,it's very nice.

    • profile image

      ajay 8 days ago

      It's very nice thanks

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      gurung ramesh 8 days ago

      thank you

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      nice 9 days ago

      thanks

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      varsha 9 days ago

      Nicee......

    • profile image

      Vishwanath singh 9 days ago

      Its helpful to me,

      thanks sir.

    • profile image

      ALESH SABU 10 days ago

      very use full

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      Singh 10 days ago

      Tery gud informashion did halp

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      PAVITHRA 10 days ago

      very nice it is very useful to me

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      honest observer 11 days ago

      i didnt understand a "BIT"

    • profile image

      kiran 12 days ago

      nice, it's very useful.

    • profile image

      Bilal 2 weeks ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      Adhvi 2 weeks ago

      Thank you...its realy helpfull..

    • profile image

      anushka sinha 2 weeks ago

      I really like it because it is very useful for me.....thnku so much

    • profile image

      Varun 3 weeks ago

      Nice short cut key

    • profile image

      Thank you Sir 3 weeks ago

      Thank you Sir

    • profile image

      Jagtram 3 weeks ago

      Super it will help me in my study

    • profile image

      very nice 3 weeks ago

      Its helpful for me thanks

    • profile image

      Rabi Majhi 3 weeks ago

      Thank you.

    • profile image

      kanhaiya Lal 3 weeks ago

      V NIce

    • profile image

      Ritik Singh 4 weeks ago

      Superb

    • profile image

      srujana 4 weeks ago

      thank u so much

    • profile image

      Mohd Vali 4 weeks ago

      Excellent

    • profile image

      Goitseone 4 weeks ago

      excellent ....thanks you

    • profile image

      kunal 4 weeks ago

      thanks for this giving details about this

    • profile image

      Naina jayshwal 4 weeks ago

      Very useful (thank you)

    • profile image

      Sunny singh 4 weeks ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Shashi yadav 5 weeks ago

      Good

    • profile image

      Aravinth 5 weeks ago

      very useful,thank you

    • profile image

      ghevar desai 6 weeks ago

      so helpful to me thanks

    • profile image

      Shivam 6 weeks ago

      It's so helpful for me

    • profile image

      sannith 6 weeks ago

      it helps a lot

    • profile image

      vimal 6 weeks ago

      so helpful to me thanks

    • profile image

      Michael Dangana Tava 7 weeks ago

      Interesting. Really appreciate this.

    • profile image

      Rishi sharma 7 weeks ago

      Very good

    • profile image

      Pedaballe Harika 7 weeks ago

      Thank you very much , very useful .

    • profile image

      Shiv yadav 7 weeks ago

      This website is really helpful ☺

    • profile image

      sunil kumar 8 weeks ago

      Awesome

    • profile image

      PARVESH KUMAR 8 weeks ago

      thanks for given info ...............

    • profile image

      Daloyer 2 months ago

      very helpful post

    • profile image

      Rahul 2 months ago

      Very Good

    • profile image

      vinayak nandikol 2 months ago

      really i like it..........

    • profile image

      Ip singh 2 months ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      suraj 2 months ago

      nice shortcut key sir

    • profile image

      SJ 2 months ago

      Thank you so much

      This is very helpful to me

    • profile image

      hornykid21 2 months ago

      this was really helpful thanks!

    • profile image

      Charles Louie 2 months ago

      so much to know

    • profile image

      Lalai 2 months ago

      Thank you!

    • profile image

      rahul myli 2 months ago

      bro try this

      ctrl+Fn+windows key+Esc+d

    • profile image

      Dhanush 2 months ago

      It's is so helpful

    • profile image

      yo 2 months ago

      ctrl-ship-tab to go back through tabs

    • profile image

      Sanjay verma 2 months ago

      Thanks Boss good advice

    • profile image

      Akash 2 months ago

      I like it

    • profile image

      Santosh 2 months ago

      I liked

    • profile image

      SAGAR 2 months ago

      I like it

    • profile image

      Epiel Nayak 2 months ago

      its very helpful to us

    • profile image

      Leonard Hofstadter 2 months ago

      Thanks really good

    • profile image

      keziah faustino 2 months ago

      useful

    • profile image

      Anil Kumar 2 months ago

      I like information you give it

    • profile image

      Neeraj kumar 2 months ago

      This is very useful

    • profile image

      Rahul 2 months ago

      It's a modern idea

    • profile image

      Lovely Claire S. Guarte 2 months ago

      I like how to handle this Computer, Very Fantastic It's Nice to Catch Up on a keyboard:)

    • profile image

      SAIRUDDIN KLHAN 2 months ago

      CTRL+ALT+SCROLL LOCK

    • profile image

      mohamed althaf 2 months ago

      very impressive

    • profile image

      Rajkumar sen 2 months ago

      very good keyword

    • profile image

      Ankit 2 months ago

      Good

    • profile image

      Ayush 2 months ago

      Alt+f4+enter=shut down

    • profile image

      Ravindra kerai 2 months ago

      Perfectly acceptable

    • profile image

      pankaj singh 2 months ago

      absolutely good

    • profile image

      Manichandra singha 2 months ago

      Really helpful

    • profile image

      ajay kumar saroj 3 months ago

      very helpful for us

    • profile image

      bhuvi 3 months ago

      shortcut key for right click?

    • profile image

      Ayush ranjan kumar 3 months ago

      Ctrl+alt+del. Change The password

    • profile image

      rehan ahmad 3 months ago

      It's very usefull

    • profile image

      SARAN 3 months ago

      It's very useful

    • profile image

      Nworld 4 months ago

      Ty for this very helpful

    • profile image

      munish 4 months ago

      SHIFT + F2 Key — Copy text....not working

    • profile image

      RK 4 months ago

      So good

    • profile image

      Anugya 4 months ago

      quite helpful for exams

    • profile image

      Malav panchal 4 months ago

      always help me this short key

    • profile image

      Loriemae Ibañez 4 months ago

      Thank you....for these

    • profile image

      Attaullah 4 months ago

      Its very easy ...thanks

    • profile image

      vinny 4 months ago

      shortcuts are useful

    • profile image

      nitesh kumar 4 months ago

      shurt cut key is very useful

      thanks

    • profile image

      Kisnaram tholiya 4 months ago

      These shortcut keys are very much useful in life. Thanks a lot of

    • profile image

      selvam 4 months ago

      very useful.

    • profile image

      jandave B 4 months ago

      Wow! it's so useful.

    • profile image

      sam 4 months ago

      this is so interesting

    • profile image

      sourav banik 4 months ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Abhishek 4 months ago

      Thanks bro

    • profile image

      ramandeep kaur 4 months ago

      Nice I am trying to learn basic computer