Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

Updated on December 22, 2017
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I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.


What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt ket (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.

  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.

  • F5: Refresh page.

  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.

  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.

  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.

  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.

  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.

  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.

  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.

  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.

  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.

  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.

  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.

  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.

  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.

  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager

  • msinfo32: System Information

  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup

  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console

  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)

  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)

  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)

  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)

  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)

  • notepad: Notepad

  • wordpad: WordPad

  • calc: Calculator

  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger

  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint

  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player

  • rstrui: System restore

  • control: Opens the Control Panel

  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box

  • cmd: Command Prompt

  • iexplore: Internet Explorer

  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management

  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management

  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management

  • services.msc: Services

  • eventvwr: Event Viewer

  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers

  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Mac OS
Go back a page.
Command + Left Arrow
Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page.
Command + Right Arrow
Alt + Right Arrow
Reload current page.
Toggle between full screen and regular screen.
Command + Shift + F
Stop page from loading.
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return
Ctrl + Enter
Complete a .net address.
Shift + Return
Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history.
Command + Shift + Delete
Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Display available bookmarks.
Command + Shift + B
Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window.
Command + J
Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Opens a new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Close the tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close window.
Command + Shift + W
Ctrl + Shift + W
Undo the close of a window.
Command + Shift + N
Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Tab
Go to bottom of page.
Command + Down Arrow
Go to top of page.
Command + Up Arrow
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Open new window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Open new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.
Command + Option + Right Arrow
Ctrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.
Command + Option + Left Arrow
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.
Command + [
Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.
Command + ]
Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close current window.
Command + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.
Command + Option + B
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open History page.
Command + Y
Ctrl + H
Open Downloads page.
Command + Shift + J
Ctrl + J
Open Find Bar.
Command + F
Ctrl + F
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Save current page.
Command + S
Ctrl + S
Reload current page.
Command + R
Save current page as a bookmark.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.
Command + Ctrl + F

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.

  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.

  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.

  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.

  2. Click the Shortcut tab.

  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.


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    • profile image

      umesh anbhule 3 days ago


    • profile image

      SUPER 3 days ago


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      nana kwesi spunky 5 days ago

      Wow! That's really great!

    • profile image

      Vinness 5 days ago

      Thank u very much

      It's really helpful

    • profile image

      Sherwin 6 days ago

      Thanks hehe I'm really sexy now :3

    • profile image

      Ramani 7 days ago

      Thanks, very helpful,

    • profile image

      Sebathas 7 days ago

      Thanks, very useful ,

      Please send me to my e-mail to study more.

    • profile image

      Someone 8 days ago

      Thank you, but how do you download an image

    • profile image

      Santosh Kumar 8 days ago

      Its really to good for Non IT peoples to learn these short cuts.

    • profile image

      Alina 8 days ago

      It is good but not best

    • profile image

      Great 9 days ago


    • profile image

      sai prasanna kumar 9 days ago

      Thanks for the info you have shared with us.

      Now I can do the work very easily by knowing these short cuts

    • profile image

      Yechankim198522 9 days ago

      This is trash

    • profile image

      Gost 10 days ago


    • profile image

      vinay kumar 11 days ago

      Thanku for giving me some knowledge

    • profile image

      santy 13 days ago

      its good and best and bester and bestest

    • profile image

      Isha 13 days ago

      Nice it is helpful for me

    • profile image

      Sumanta Kisan 2 weeks ago

      V.v.i useful of shortcut key.....

    • profile image

      saiful 2 weeks ago


    • profile image

      Chathura 2 weeks ago

      This is very helpful..

    • profile image

      Nandan 2 weeks ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Piyush razput 2 weeks ago

      Very very useful

    • profile image

      berihun 3 weeks ago

      Wow it best

    • profile image

      Samir 3 weeks ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Samir 3 weeks ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Agbo victor .c. 3 weeks ago

      wow!!! awesome men

      i like's looks nice and meaninful

    • profile image

      Mike Merriam 3 weeks ago

      thanks greatly appreciated!

      one to add for Excel that I use all the time ... crtl + h opens find and replace window

    • profile image

      satyabrata mohapatra 3 weeks ago

      i am happy so happy

    • profile image

      Susanta 3 weeks ago

      Nyc bro........

    • profile image

      :) 4 weeks ago

      thank you, very helpfull

    • profile image

      siva 4 weeks ago

      It help full to us so much

    • profile image

      DMcT 4 weeks ago

      Absolutely brilliant - thank you so much, I can never remember the little blighters! Great presentation too.

    • profile image

      kalyan 4 weeks ago

      It is better to more about computer

    • profile image

      Jp 4 weeks ago

      Nice think good knowledge

    • profile image

      Dennis 4 weeks ago

      Excellent compilation. Thanks

    • profile image

      ysen 5 weeks ago

      well done brothers

    • profile image

      nana 6 weeks ago

      it good to know this shortcuts keys

    • profile image

      DIDI 6 weeks ago


    • profile image

      Swallal 6 weeks ago

      Nice Im suing them to impress mu friends

    • profile image

      Jing Feng 6 weeks ago

      In some window pc , you can press CTRL+ALT+ arrow key to flip your screen.Like CTRL+ALT+down arrow, your screen will be upside-down.

    • profile image

      slogan kyd 7 weeks ago

      good work

    • profile image

      Zac 7 weeks ago

      Windows Key + X

      Brings up the context menu for the start menu.

      Good for quick opening CommandPrompt/Powershell as admin

      Windows + X and then hit A

    • profile image

      Odoh Napoleon Noah 7 weeks ago

      thank you very much for the info

    • profile image

      Shiva 7 weeks ago


    • profile image

      critical boy bibhu 7 weeks ago

      very important things

    • profile image

      Amit Mathur 8 weeks ago

      very useful key

    • profile image

      Ajay Jackson 8 weeks ago

      Very nice Bro Keep it up

    • profile image

      shahidkarim 2 months ago

      nice work

    • profile image

      Aniruddha Ghosh 2 months ago

      Super Excellent

    • profile image

      Mani Andavar 2 months ago

      Very excellent notes....

    • profile image

      Ajay 2 months ago

      Very good collective knoledge

    • profile image

      ashok 2 months ago

      its so awesome

    • profile image

      sanjay 2 months ago


    • profile image

      Anna 2 months ago

      Thanks for the help! I can finally learn new tricks!

    • profile image

      elle 2 months ago


    • profile image

      Liza 2 months ago

      Very useful

    • profile image

      Max 2 months ago


    • profile image

      MMS 2 months ago

      Thanx alot

    • profile image

      MA 2 months ago

      thank you so much, your a life saver!!!!

    • profile image

      Nanda kishor barik 2 months ago

      It's very useful. thank you so much sir

    • profile image

      Loganathan L 2 months ago


    • profile image

      Rajesh Kumar Maurya 2 months ago

      Nice and lovely

    • profile image

      Ranjithkumar 2 months ago

      thank you so much..,

    • profile image

      Asif 2 months ago

      A big bundle of thanks to you really helpful information for beginners

    • profile image

      Atul sahani 2 months ago

      great post

    • profile image

      Sonu 2 months ago

      So nice

    • profile image

      Ankit 2 months ago

      Think you computer

    • profile image

      RAMRAMESH 2 months ago

      It's very useful to finish our short work

    • profile image

      Jeff lol 3 months ago

      Ctrl + Shift + T opens up the previous page you closed

    • profile image

      sunil 3 months ago


    • profile image

      shankar SP 3 months ago

      its very usefull thanks to all

    • profile image

      cheng david 3 months ago

      it is usefull thx

    • profile image

      Rejaur Rahman Sohag 3 months ago

      Thank you Sir...

    • profile image

      hjfuyirongbho 3 months ago

      thanks for helping

    • profile image

      lakhinana.sai charan 3 months ago

      the sort cut key for shut down ;please share the answer

    • profile image

      Hey 3 months ago

      I want more and important short cuts ,please share.

    • profile image

      Sandeep honey 3 months ago

      Very easiar

    • profile image

      Benakyn 3 months ago

      Nice Help, thanks!

      But maybe too much. You repeated yourself sometimes (somethings are in there twice)

    • profile image

      hi 3 months ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      Kiran 3 months ago

      Thanks for helping

    • profile image

      jiban 3 months ago


    • profile image

      guru prasad 3 months ago

      It is useful in computer exam

    • profile image

      subham 3 months ago

      very good

    • profile image

      bruh 3 months ago


    • profile image

      Shreyash 3 months ago

      Thank you

    • profile image

      Patrick 3 months ago

      This is very helpful!

    • profile image

      Andrew Shafi 3 months ago

      Nice and helpful

    • profile image

      Kelvin de Stein 3 months ago

      good job amazingi and easy helpful to user keep it up

    • profile image

      ibn oumer 3 months ago

      thank you so much

    • profile image

      Ismail_Khan 3 months ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      mark anthony piala 3 months ago

      i need the keyboard shortcut for reformatting my netbook.

    • profile image

      Prakash 3 months ago

      Very nice

    • profile image

      Mhiz smart 3 months ago

      Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      Prabal 3 months ago

      All of the shortcut are useful for me and all thanx for knowledge thanx

    • profile image

      Vidhi 3 months ago

      Thanks to help in my exam

    • profile image

      Vikram's Kumar 3 months ago

      Very good

    • profile image

      Velani Nishit 3 months ago

      Thank you very much.

    • profile image

      raj 3 months ago

      I like this

    • profile image

      Brian 3 months ago

      Its so nice

    • profile image

      Akash upadhyay 3 months ago

      This is very important and good for

      learning the shortcut keys of



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