Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

Updated on December 22, 2017
rajendra tiwari profile image

I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.

Source

What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt ket (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.

  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.

  • F5: Refresh page.

  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.

  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.

  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.

  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.

  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.

  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.

  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.

  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.

  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.

  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.

  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.

  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.

  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.

  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager

  • msinfo32: System Information

  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup

  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console

  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)

  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)

  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)

  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)

  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)

  • notepad: Notepad

  • wordpad: WordPad

  • calc: Calculator

  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger

  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint

  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player

  • rstrui: System restore

  • control: Opens the Control Panel

  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box

  • cmd: Command Prompt

  • iexplore: Internet Explorer

  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management

  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management

  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management

  • services.msc: Services

  • eventvwr: Event Viewer

  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers

  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
Mac OS
Windows
Go back a page.
Command + Left Arrow
Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page.
Command + Right Arrow
Alt + Right Arrow
Reload current page.
F5
F5
Toggle between full screen and regular screen.
Command + Shift + F
F11
Stop page from loading.
Esc
Esc
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return
Ctrl + Enter
Complete a .net address.
Shift + Return
Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history.
Command + Shift + Delete
Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Display available bookmarks.
Command + Shift + B
Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window.
Command + J
Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Opens a new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Close the tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close window.
Command + Shift + W
Ctrl + Shift + W
Undo the close of a window.
Command + Shift + N
Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Tab
Go to bottom of page.
Command + Down Arrow
End
Go to top of page.
Command + Up Arrow
Home
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
MacOS
Windows
Open new window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Open new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.
Command + Option + Right Arrow
Ctrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.
Command + Option + Left Arrow
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.
Command + [
Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.
Command + ]
Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close current window.
Command + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.
Command + Option + B
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open History page.
Command + Y
Ctrl + H
Open Downloads page.
Command + Shift + J
Ctrl + J
Open Find Bar.
Command + F
Ctrl + F
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Save current page.
Command + S
Ctrl + S
Reload current page.
Command + R
F5
Save current page as a bookmark.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.
Command + Ctrl + F
F11

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.

  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.

  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.

  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.

  2. Click the Shortcut tab.

  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

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    • profile image

      IK 

      10 days ago

    • profile image

      Adekunle sugar 

      13 days ago

      nice one

    • profile image

      Ravi Punati 

      3 weeks ago

      Nice indepth infor.thanks

    • profile image

      Amara 

      3 weeks ago

      not bad

    • profile image

      juwel 

      3 weeks ago

      VERY USEFULL THANKS

    • profile image

      vikram singh rajawat 

      4 weeks ago

      good

      i am impressed

    • profile image

      Shubham pandey 

      4 weeks ago

      I am a student and this is very important to me and all the students

    • profile image

      Tabi Shah 

      5 weeks ago

      Great Creative wonderful command to use helpful in my office thanx dear

    • profile image

      ROCKYPRO 

      5 weeks ago

      THIS WAS VERY USEFUL SO THNX

    • profile image

      HELPS A LOT.....THANKU SO MUCH 

      6 weeks ago

      HAYAH

    • profile image

      Aimee 

      6 weeks ago

      Such a great creative,productive and useful information .

    • profile image

      nasyat 

      6 weeks ago

      it was helpfull for my productivity.

      thanks a lottt

    • profile image

      Bugh 

      6 weeks ago

      Thank you so much! I needed this

    • profile image

      Ajeet Prajapati 

      7 weeks ago

      Good

    • profile image

      giovany 

      7 weeks ago

      helps A LOT!!!

    • profile image

      DAMIRU 

      7 weeks ago

      VERY USEFULL THANKS

    • profile image

      varma 

      7 weeks ago

      useful document

    • profile image

      perfect job 

      8 weeks ago

      superb support

    • profile image

      Tamale 

      8 weeks ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      Tamale 

      8 weeks ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      KC 

      8 weeks ago

      Thank u so much this helped me so much abt finding key short cuts for my assignment. Thanks for having the time to do all of this, must of spent hours.

      Thanks again :)

    • profile image

      KK 

      8 weeks ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      Who Stole my Bike! 

      8 weeks ago

      Good Job!

    • profile image

      Sam Agnew 

      2 months ago

      Awesome

    • profile image

      Donzy 

      2 months ago

      nice 2 see shortcut.

    • profile image

      Dilsha 

      2 months ago

      its useful

    • profile image

      Shekaran 

      2 months ago

      Good Work

    • profile image

      P Ness 

      2 months ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      jambu 

      2 months ago

      oh thanks

    • profile image

      PokeBot 

      2 months ago

      yes. noice, yeh good

    • profile image

      DON 

      2 months ago

      That's some needy stuff, Mate. Thanks for sharing.

    • profile image

      SAYED PIR ALI SHAH 

      2 months ago

      It was my need. Thanks

    • profile image

      baby anthony 

      3 months ago

      very enjoyable

    • profile image

      TheGuyWhoWantedToBeATechWizard 

      3 months ago

      Very Helpful!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      harper couli 

      3 months ago

      thank you so much

    • profile image

      RobloxScreenShot20180708_182233964 

      3 months ago

      Thank You!

    • profile image

      bashir 

      3 months ago

      excellent

    • profile image

      Geeth 

      3 months ago

      is goood

    • profile image

      Chandan Paswan 

      3 months ago

      Thank you so much

    • profile image

      bello aliyu 

      4 months ago

      thanks alots for your contribution

    • profile image

      Bread 

      4 months ago

      Great.

    • profile image

      lord cock 

      4 months ago

      awesome

    • profile image

      Badbombbrady 

      4 months ago

      thank god someone knows these

    • profile image

      Samuel t.fallah 

      4 months ago

      Great

    • profile image

      Monika Gangvany 

      4 months ago

      For more inforamtion regarding shortcut keys you can go through https://uptalkies.com/computer-shortcut-keys/

    • profile image

      Bob 

      4 months ago

      this is so lit. thanks so much,

      man.

    • profile image

      Alex 

      4 months ago

      so good thanks

      very useful

      yaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaay

    • profile image

      John Maneje 

      4 months ago

      Thank you!

    • profile image

      Abby 

      4 months ago

      Thank you very much.....

    • profile image

      ARIVALAGAN 

      4 months ago

      thanks ..veryuseful thankyou.....

    • profile image

      pat 

      4 months ago

      making life easier

    • profile image

      Dickson Prosper 

      4 months ago

      Nice shortcuts

      It make my PC easy for me to use waa

    • profile image

      ABDULRAHMAN YARO 

      5 months ago

      We are Very grateful for your creating this website.

    • profile image

      ling ling 

      5 months ago

      thought this is a website that shares quite a fair amount of knowledge, ive found it quitw hard to understand why there is no toilet shortcut

    • profile image

      Rahul Gabhane 

      5 months ago

      Thanks... it's very useful for all.

    • profile image

      Rajib Morol 

      5 months ago

      Nice , i already use windows + d to hide Display

    • profile image

      Jorge Rios Roman 

      5 months ago

      WINDOWS BUTTON + L

    • profile image

      raghu yadav 

      5 months ago

      super tips

    • profile image

      Papan 

      5 months ago

      It's really helpful...Thank you alot

    • profile image

      Anonimous 

      5 months ago

      Cooooooollll

    • profile image

      Conduct 

      5 months ago

      I will use ctrl+w to close this tab

    • profile image

      joesel 

      5 months ago

      really helpful

    • profile image

      Succ 

      5 months ago

      thanks I guess

    • profile image

      Sideshow bob 

      5 months ago

      Thanks a bunch!

    • profile image

      Bob Showman 

      5 months ago

      NOICE

    • profile image

      ss 

      5 months ago

      um thanks i guess

    • profile image

      Bailey 

      5 months ago

      Thank you so much!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Koh kee hoong 

      5 months ago

      Update my posb debit card number

    • profile image

      seth 

      5 months ago

      Awsome

    • profile image

      prince kermah 

      5 months ago

      This is very greatly to good knowledge

    • profile image

      Aisyah 

      5 months ago

      Thank you for the info shared.

      God bless!

    • profile image

      paili sankar 

      6 months ago

      how to coming sereen short windows 10

    • profile image

      Name 

      6 months ago

      Is there something to switch user on windows, or to reload all tabs on chrome?

    • profile image

      syed 

      6 months ago

      how to go incognito on chrome?

      CTRL+SHIFT+N

    • profile image

      U SUCK MON 

      6 months ago

      hold the windows key and press X then tap U twice

    • profile image

      ARCHIES 

      6 months ago

      This all shortcuts are amazingly wonderfully helpful and nice thanks a lot for this and creativity of the circle is amazing thanks to you

    • profile image

      Bleu 

      6 months ago

      Thanks a lot!

      very helpful.

    • profile image

      Himanshu 

      6 months ago

      Literally Useful Keys

    • profile image

      Pspsp 

      7 months ago

      Any way to open a specific thing in another tab?

      - Instead of right clicking what you want to open and pressing ' open in new tab '

    • profile image

      John 

      7 months ago

      CRL+SHIFT+N

    • profile image

      dude 

      7 months ago

      how to go incognito on chrome?

    • profile image

      Bala 

      7 months ago

      Nice work there

      Please add File manager shortcut:

      ALT + D -Control goes to Address Bar

      Useful in selecting folder paths

    • profile image

      samuel 

      7 months ago

      Its help alot in saving time and effort

    • profile image

      abcd 

      7 months ago

      thanks a lot

    • profile image

      bdlove24 

      7 months ago

      Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      Raja mustafa 

      7 months ago

      it`s Big brain time ..

    • profile image

      urboi 

      7 months ago

      its big brain time

    • profile image

      Amrith pujari 

      7 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      mohammed 

      7 months ago

      knew most of it please tell us something new like how the shortcut to find hidden objects in windows 10 plss

    • profile image

      yeetyeet 

      7 months ago

      nice epic gamer moment bro

    • profile image

      Vipul Lokhande 

      8 months ago

      Nice Information and Thank you...!

    • profile image

      aadesh maurya 

      8 months ago

      very good

    • profile image

      Smady 

      8 months ago

      Thanks this was very helpful

    • profile image

      Saurabh kasaudhan 

      8 months ago

      Nice and thank you bro

    • profile image

      8 months ago

      Excellent article! I love the way how shortcuts for particular key are arranged in circles! Thank you!

    • profile image

      Akcons 

      8 months ago

      great work. Thanks.

    • profile image

      krishna 

      8 months ago

      very very thanks bro

    • profile image

      Hii 

      8 months ago

      Nice

    • profile image

      muju 

      8 months ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      rohul y 

      8 months ago

      all minimize window open key

    working

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