Keyboard Shortcuts and System Commands for Popular Programs

Updated on December 22, 2017
rajendra tiwari profile image

I have a strong interest in everything involving computers and technology.

Source

What Is a Keyboard Shortcut?

In computing, a keyboard shortcut is a set of one or more keys that invoke a command in software or an operating system.

They are typically an alternate means for invoking commands that would otherwise be accessible only through a menu, a mouse, or an aspect of the user interface. These shortcuts can expedite common operations by reducing input sequences to a few keystrokes.

These shortcuts can provide an easier and quicker method of using computer programs. These commands are commonly accessed by using the Alt ket (on PC computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and Shift in conjunction with a single letter.

These shortcuts are for the following programs and applications.

  • Word
  • Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • File Explorer
  • Windows System Commands
  • Firefox
  • Excel
  • Mac
  • Finder
  • Chrome

This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.
This image shows multiple shortcuts to a variety of functions that you can do in Microsoft Word.

Shortcut Keys in Microsoft Word

  • F1 key: Get help on a selected command or use the Office assistant.
  • Shift and F1 Key: Review text formatting.
  • F2 Key: Move text or image.
  • Shift + F2 Key: Copy text.
  • F3 Key: Insert an autotext entry.
  • Shift + F3 Key: Change the case of the selected text.
  • F4 Key: Perform last action again.
  • Shift + F4 Key: Perform a Find or Go To action again.
  • F5 Key: Displays the Go To dialogue box. You can also get to Find and Replace from here.
  • Shift + F5 Key: Move to a previous revision.
  • F6 Key: Go to the next frame or pane.
  • Shift + F6 Key: Go to the previous frame or pane.
  • F7 Key: Launch the Spell Checker.
  • Shift + F7 Key: Launch the Thesaurus.
  • F8 Key: Extend the current selection.
  • Shift + F8 Key: Shrink the current selection.
  • F9 Key: Refresh.
  • Shift + F9 Key: Switch between a field code and its result.
  • F10 Key: Show KeyTips.
  • Shift + F10 Key: Display a Shortcut Menu (same as right-clicking).
  • F11 Key: Go to the next field.
  • SHIFT + F11 Key: Go to the previous field.
  • F12 Key: Open Save As, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Shift + F12 Key: Save document, equivalent to tools menu.
  • Ctrl and A: Selects all in the current document.
  • Ctrl and B: Bold text.
  • Ctrl and C: Copies the item or text.
  • Ctrl and D: Displays the Font dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and E: Switch a paragraph between center and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and F: Displays the Find dialog box to search the current document.
  • Ctrl and G: Displays the Go To dialog box to search for a specific location in the current document.
  • Ctrl and H: Displays the Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl and I: Italicize text.
  • Ctrl and J: Switch a paragraph between justified and left alignment.
  • Ctrl and K: Create a hyperlink.
  • Ctrl and L: Left align a paragraph.
  • Ctrl and M: Indent a paragraph from the left.
  • Ctrl and N: Create a new document.
  • Ctrl and O: Opens a new document.
  • Ctrl and P: Prints a document.
  • Ctrl and R: Switch the alignment of a paragraph between left and right.
  • Ctrl and S: Saves a document.
  • Ctrl and U: Underlines text.
  • Ctrl and V: Pastes the copied item or text.
  • Ctrl and X: Cuts the selected item or text.
  • Ctrl and Y: Redo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Z: Undo the last action.
  • Ctrl and Enter: Insert a page break.
  • Ctrl and F2: Select Print Preview command.
  • Ctrl and F4: Closes the active window.
  • Ctrl and F6: Opens the next window if multiple are open.

Windows Shortcut Keys

  • Windows Key + R: Opens the Run menu.
  • Windows Key + E: Opens Explorer.
  • Alt + Tab: Switch between open programs.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow: Maximize current window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc: Open Task Manager.
  • Windows Key + Break: Opens system properties.
  • Windows Key + F: Opens search for files and folders.
  • Windows Key + D: Hide/display the desktop.
  • Alt + Esc: Switch between programs in order they were opened.
  • Alt + Letter: Select menu item by underlined letter.
  • Ctrl + Esc: Open Start menu.
  • Ctrl + F4: Close active document (does not work with some applications).
  • Alt + F4: Quit active application or close current window.
  • Alt + Spacebar: Open menu for active program.
  • Ctrl + Left or Right Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one word.
  • Ctrl + Up or Down Arrow: Move cursor forward or back one paragraph.
  • F1: Open Help menu for active application.
  • Windows Key + M: Minimize all windows.
  • Shift + Windows Key + M: Restore windows that were minimized with previous keystroke.
  • Windows + F1: Open Windows Help and Support.
  • Windows + Tab: Open Task view.
  • Windows + Break: Open the System Properties dialog box.
  • Hold Right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Switch FilterKeys on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Print Screen: Switch High Contrast on and off.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock: Switch Mouse keys on and off.
  • Press Shift five times: Switch Sticky keys on and off.
  • Hold Num Lock for five seconds: Switch Toggle keys on and off.

Internet Explorer Shortcut Keys

  • Alt + Left Arrow/Backspace: Go back to the previous page.

  • Alt + Right Arrow: Go to next page.

  • F5: Refresh page.

  • F11: Toggle between full-screen and regular view.

  • Esc: Stop downloading a page.

  • Ctrl + ( + or -): Zoom in or out of page by 10%.

  • Ctrl + Enter: Adds www. at the beginning and .com to the end of any text entered in the Address bar.

  • Ctrl + D: Add the current site to your favorites.

  • Ctrl + I: View your favorites.

  • Ctrl + N: Open a new window.

  • Ctrl + P: Print the current page.

  • Ctrl + T: Open a new tab.

  • Ctrl + F4: Closes tabs in the background.

  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch between tabs.

  • Spacebar: Click the notification bar.

  • Shift + Spacebar: Move up one page.

  • Alt + Down Arrow: Move a selected item down the favorites list.

File Explorer Shortcuts

  • End: Display bottom of current window.
  • Home: Display top of current window.
  • Left Arrow: Collapse the current selections or select a parent folder.
  • Right Arrow: Display the current selection or select the first subfolder.

Windows System Commands

Type the following commands in your Run dialogue box (Windows Key + R) to run specific programs.

  • devmgmt.msc: Device Manager

  • msinfo32: System Information

  • cleanmgr: Disk Cleanup

  • ntbackup: Backup or restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

  • mmc: Microsoft Management Console

  • excel: Microsoft Excel (if installed)

  • msaccess: Microsoft Access (if installed)

  • powerpnt: Microsoft PowerPoint (if installed)

  • winword: Microsoft Word (if installed)

  • frontpg: Microsoft FrontPage (if installed)

  • notepad: Notepad

  • wordpad: WordPad

  • calc: Calculator

  • msmsgs: Windows Messenger

  • mspaint: Microsoft Paint

  • wmplayer: Windows Media Player

  • rstrui: System restore

  • control: Opens the Control Panel

  • control printers: Opens the printers dialogue box

  • cmd: Command Prompt

  • iexplore: Internet Explorer

  • compmgmt.msc: Computer Management

  • dhcpmgmt.msc: DHCP Management

  • dnsmgmt.msc: DNS Management

  • services.msc: Services

  • eventvwr: Event Viewer

  • dsa.msc: Active Directory Users and Computers

  • dssite.msc: Active Directory Sites and Services

This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.
This image shows some shortcuts for basic functions while browsing in Firefox. The keystrokes begin with Ctrl if using a PC and Cmd if using a Mac.

Firefox Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
Mac OS
Windows
Go back a page.
Command + Left Arrow
Alt + Left Arrow
Go forward a page.
Command + Right Arrow
Alt + Right Arrow
Reload current page.
F5
F5
Toggle between full screen and regular screen.
Command + Shift + F
F11
Stop page from loading.
Esc
Esc
Complete a .com address.
Command + Return
Ctrl + Enter
Complete a .net address.
Shift + Return
Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Command + Shift + Return
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Clear recent history.
Command + Shift + Delete
Ctrl + Shift + Delete
Add a bookmark for the current page.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Display available bookmarks.
Command + Shift + B
Ctrl + Shift + B
Display the download window.
Command + J
Ctrl + J
Open a new browser window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Opens a new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Close the tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close window.
Command + Shift + W
Ctrl + Shift + W
Undo the close of a window.
Command + Shift + N
Ctrl + Shift + N
Undo the close of a tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Tab
Go to bottom of page.
Command + Down Arrow
End
Go to top of page.
Command + Up Arrow
Home
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.
Here are a multitude of keyboard shortcuts for Microsoft Excel.

Microsoft Excel Shortcut Keys

  • F2: Edit the active cell.
  • F5: Displays the Go To box.
  • F7: Open the Spelling dialogue box to check a selected range.
  • F11: Create a chart of data in the current range in a separate sheet.
  • Alt + Shift + F1: Insert a new worksheet.
  • Shift + F3: Opens Insert Function dialogue box.
  • Shift + F5: Opens the Find and Replace dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Colon (:): Enter the current time.
  • Ctrl + Semicolon (;): Enter the current date.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all content in the worksheet.
  • Ctrl + B: Bold highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + I: Italicize highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + K: Open the Insert hyperlink dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + U: Underline highlighted selection.
  • Ctrl + 5: Apply strikethrough formatting.
  • Ctrl + P: Brings up the print dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + F9: Minimize a workbook window to an icon.
  • Ctrl + F10: Maximize a selected workbook window.
  • Ctrl + F6: Switch to the next workbook window when multiple are open.
  • Ctrl + Page Up: Move to previous sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Page Down: Move to next sheet in a workbook.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Switch to next tab in dialogue box.
  • Ctrl + Apostrophe ('): Insert the value of the above cell into the cell currently selected.
  • Ctrl + Shift + !: Apply the Number format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + $: Apply the Currency format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + #: Apply the Date format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + %: Apply the Percentage format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + ^: Apply the Exponential format.
  • Ctrl + Shift + @: Apply the Time format.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Key: Move to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet.
  • Ctrl + Space: Select an entire column in a worksheet.
  • Shift + Space: Select an entire row in a worksheet.

Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.
Here is a selection of shortcuts for those using a Mac.

Shortcuts for Mac

  • Command + X: Cut selected text and copy it.
  • Command + C: Copy selected text.
  • Command + V: Paste copied text.
  • Command + Z: Undo previous command.
  • Command + A: Select all items.
  • Command + F: Open Find window to search text.
  • Command + H: Hide windows of the front app.
  • Command + N: Open a new document or window.
  • Command + O: Open a selected item.
  • Command + P: Print current document.
  • Command + S: Save current document.
  • Command + W: Close front window.
  • Command + Q: Quit the app.
  • Command + M: Minimize the front window to the Dock.
  • Command + Spacebar: Open Spotlight search field.
  • Command + Tab: Switch between open apps.
  • Command + B: Bold selected text.
  • Command + I: Italicize selected text.
  • Command + U: Underline selected text.
  • Command + Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in document.
  • Option + Command + Esc: Choose an app to force quit.
  • Shift + Command + Tilde (~): Switch between open windows.
  • Shift + Command + 3: Take a screenshot.
  • Fn + Up Arrow: Scroll up one page.
  • Fn + Down Arrow: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn + Left Arrow: Scroll to beginning of document.
  • Fn + Right Arrow: Scroll to end of document.

Finder Shortcuts

  • Shift + Command + F: Open All My Files window.
  • Shift + Command + K: Open Network window.
  • Option + Command + L: Open Downloads folder.
  • Shift + Command + O: Open documents folder.
  • Shift + Command + U: Open Utilities folder.
  • Option + Command + D: Show or hide the Dock.
  • Shift + Command + N: Create a new folder.
  • Command + Delete: Move selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift + Command + Delete: Empty Trash.

Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.
Here are shortcuts for browsing functions when using Google Chrome. Keystrokes begin with Ctrl for PC users and Cmd for Mac users.

Chrome Keyboard Shortcuts

Command
MacOS
Windows
Open new window.
Command + N
Ctrl + N
Open new tab.
Command + T
Ctrl + T
Reopen the last closed tab.
Command + Shift + T
Ctrl + Shift + T
Move to next tab.
Command + Option + Right Arrow
Ctrl + Tab
Move to previous tab.
Command + Option + Left Arrow
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Open previous page in browsing history.
Command + [
Alt + Left Arrow
Open next page in browsing history.
Command + ]
Alt + Right Arrow
Close current tab.
Command + W
Ctrl + W
Close current window.
Command + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Open Bookmarks Manager.
Command + Option + B
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open History page.
Command + Y
Ctrl + H
Open Downloads page.
Command + Shift + J
Ctrl + J
Open Find Bar.
Command + F
Ctrl + F
Print current page.
Command + P
Ctrl + P
Save current page.
Command + S
Ctrl + S
Reload current page.
Command + R
F5
Save current page as a bookmark.
Command + D
Ctrl + D
Toggle full-screen mode.
Command + Ctrl + F
F11

How to Create a Windows Shortcut Key

  1. Open the folder or directory that contains the program you wish to create a shortcut for.

  2. Right-click on the program and click Create Shortcut.

  3. This will create a shortcut named "Shortcut to <your program>" in the directory you are in. If you wish to rename this shortcut, right-click the file and click Rename.

  4. Once the above steps have been completed, you can copy this shortcut and paste it anywhere to execute this program.

Once the shortcut has been created, you can assign a keystroke to that Windows shortcut.

  1. Right-click the shortcut and click Properties.

  2. Click the Shortcut tab.

  3. Click in the Shortcut key box and press a letter. For example, if you press "p", the shortcut key will automatically be made to Ctrl + Alt + P. Which means that if saved, pressing Ctrl and Alt and P will run that shortcut.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        Muhammad danfulani 

        3 days ago

        That's one of the most imfortant thing for peple to awear of thank you verry much for ur kind gisture sir

      • profile image

        big ooof 

        3 days ago

        tooo complecated

      • profile image

        Skylar Samm 

        3 days ago

        fudge this bullhockey

      • profile image

        Unknown 

        4 days ago

        very useful

      • profile image

        adamsy 

        10 days ago

        this is good web site

      • profile image

        Mithun 

        11 days ago

        Thank you very help u

      • profile image

        Arumugam.V 

        2 weeks ago

        Thanks for the wonderful information..

      • profile image

        ajay 

        2 weeks ago

        thanks sir ur so good,you have helped e a lot

      • profile image

        shanthi raju 

        2 weeks ago

        thanku so much

      • profile image

        Spaghetti 

        2 weeks ago

        I don't know if it's already included, but i hit Ctrl+Shft+o and it went to chrome bookmarks so its prolly useless but still, it"s a shortcut

      • profile image

        Sudarshan 

        3 weeks ago

        Thank, sir... very usefull in a circle web.

        & very quick undustan its web...

      • profile image

        MADHU 

        3 weeks ago

        Thats very helpfull for ppl. thats so awesome

      • profile image

        Nilesh 

        3 weeks ago

        This is good stuff, specially like those circle picture, very userfriendly.

      • profile image

        blankita 

        3 weeks ago

        very usefull thanks

      • profile image

        MarviNorilyn04 

        4 weeks ago

        Thanks for this info :)

      • profile image

        Roy 

        4 weeks ago

        Great work

      • profile image

        mangala 

        4 weeks ago

        thanks so much!

      • profile image

        hey 

        4 weeks ago

        I need this to be a little more clear

      • profile image

        M Shakil Awan 

        4 weeks ago

        make more easy

      • profile image

        sudha k 

        5 weeks ago

        Its very useful information but its not easy task.good luck suprb

      • profile image

        Janet 

        5 weeks ago

        OMG thank you so very much for making my life and this terminal degree so much easier (:

      • profile image

        JIGAR PATNI 

        5 weeks ago

        nice process sir

      • profile image

        Nithin 

        6 weeks ago

        Thank you this is very helpful for me

      • profile image

        ishwar panwar 

        6 weeks ago

        thank you

      • profile image

        murali 

        6 weeks ago

        very nice

      • profile image

        C S CHAHAL 

        6 weeks ago

        thankyou for this

      • profile image

        78787 

        7 weeks ago

        nice stuff

      • profile image

        Good system 

        7 weeks ago

        Good system

      • profile image

        lal 

        8 weeks ago

        i cant righ tclick

      • profile image

        Thanks 

        8 weeks ago

        Thanks love you too much

      • profile image

        Shiv Lal Yadav 

        8 weeks ago

        This sort cut key word so good and thanks for this

      • profile image

        LOUIS 

        2 months ago

        For real......

      • profile image

        Nargis Akter 

        2 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        yo face 

        2 months ago

        yo face

      • profile image

        muganda 

        2 months ago

        thanks fantastic well done job

      • profile image

        gggggggggg 

        2 months ago

        its so good

      • profile image

        BryceCanyon 

        2 months ago

        Rajendra,

        This is the best, most thorough list of shortcuts I've ever seen. Love the wheel's also, very helpful. And tho I'm not a MAC person, I do touch a clients MacBook on occasion, and the MAC shortcuts are very helpful.

        Thank you

        -bc

      • profile image

        sathik 

        3 months ago

        very useful

      • profile image

        Dhiraj Bhandari 

        3 months ago

        The way it is presented is really good and easier to understand Thanks

      • profile image

        Agondo maria 

        3 months ago

        Its really educative!!!

      • profile image

        Thespoonfulofsugar 

        3 months ago

        Makes the medicine go down...

        Hiya, I'm bored. I'm sitting alone and there's nobody else here. And it's nighttime by the way; everyone knows that's the best time of day. This is helpful and all but there's nothing more interesting to read than me.. Come down.

      • profile image

        hello 

        3 months ago

        and I didn't make it

      • profile image

        hello 

        3 months ago

        that command is for Chrome, macOS, and is command q

      • profile image

        nooback 

        3 months ago

        nice

      • profile image

        3 months ago

        great help!

      • profile image

        jki567 

        3 months ago

        when i go to the beach i think of these shortcuts and i take them with me across that lake or ocean

      • profile image

        p.venkateshjoshova 

        3 months ago

        this info very usful thanks.

      • profile image

        """"" 

        3 months ago

        One of these commands doesn't work on a certain website thats been loading forever (since yesterday afternoon, but thats a long time), and I want to toggle full screen mode. I did command, control, and f, but it didn't work. All the others in that list worked.

      • profile image

        Kuldeep 

        3 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        Isoboye Vincent 

        3 months ago

        Thank you. This is helpful.

      • profile image

        Raju Ahammed Ali 

        3 months ago

        thanks very much such a helpful site

      • profile image

        Sange Sherpa 

        4 months ago

        Thank you

      • profile image

        TapasKumar saha 

        4 months ago

        It is very helpfull to me

      • profile image

        MUKESH 

        4 months ago

        BETTER

      • profile image

        payalab 

        4 months ago

        this is very helpful & easy to earn & use. thanks a lot

      • profile image

        Sanjay uikey 

        4 months ago

        Dca1sem

      • profile image

        Nitish kumar 

        4 months ago

        Thanks for knowlese

      • profile image

        sushmita 

        4 months ago

        very helpfull,thank you.

      • profile image

        Faisal 

        4 months ago

        Most Useful Commands , Thanks

      • profile image

        Jas 

        4 months ago

        Ctrl+pg up

        Ctrl+pg down

        changind tabs :)

      • profile image

        sanjay sankhat 

        4 months ago

        nice

      • profile image

        Hemant Raibole 

        4 months ago

        Nice and very useful......

        For making its reduced the clicking of mouse...

      • profile image

        vasanthi 

        4 months ago

        Great.

      • profile image

        Sunita 

        4 months ago

        It is very helpful to me

      • profile image

        sixtus A.K.A(PEAMAS) 

        4 months ago

        very nice one

      • profile image

        billy 

        4 months ago

        thanks a lot it was cool

      • profile image

        Vivek 

        4 months ago

        I take many knowledge

        from shortcut key

      • profile image

        Abdul rahuman 

        4 months ago

        excellent

      • profile image

        Mr_Magnificent 

        4 months ago

        Thanks A Lot. Helpful.

      • profile image

        Vikash 

        5 months ago

        Best

      • profile image

        Lord 

        5 months ago

        That's very thoughtful

      • profile image

        SSSlover YT 

        5 months ago

        how can i make [/] without a copy

      • profile image

        borgor 

        5 months ago

        EPIC

      • profile image

        Anas 

        5 months ago

        Thank u so much

      • profile image

        Ranjeet 

        5 months ago

        It's a helpful for me

        Thanks u so much.

      • profile image

        Suman 

        5 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        Santhosh 

        5 months ago

        It is very useful information......

      • profile image

        Mafeng Gabriel 

        5 months ago

        Superp

      • profile image

        Aditya narayan 

        5 months ago

        Thanks

      • profile image

        Kudirat Korede 

        5 months ago

        Thanks so much u saved me from being flogged

      • profile image

        T.n.srinivasarao 

        5 months ago

        Thank you sir

      • profile image

        Thank you so much 

        5 months ago

        Thank you so much

      • profile image

        L.Anisha 

        5 months ago

        Thanks , Very Useful .

      • profile image

        Ajay 

        5 months ago

        Thank you so much.i. am so happy .thanks

      • profile image

        ??? 

        5 months ago

        I am amazed.

      • profile image

        Thomas 

        5 months ago

        I'll vote for you as president! Thanks

      • profile image

        Deepika 

        5 months ago

        thanks you,

        Its very helpful

      • profile image

        5 months ago

        yay!

      • profile image

        Marshall 

        5 months ago

        This Is Awesome and Very Nice Shortcut

      • profile image

        SaAma 

        5 months ago

        it is Amazing

      • profile image

        Subho jit Das 

        5 months ago

        I am very happy

      • profile image

        Naresh Kumar 

        5 months ago

        Perfect idea, Done

      • profile image

        bella 

        5 months ago

        thanks.

      • profile image

        bella 

        6 months ago

        thank you

      • profile image

        Taimur khan 

        6 months ago

        Excellllenttttt and usefffffuuuuuul for students.

      • profile image

        Sachin 

        6 months ago

        Alt+f and A used for......?

      • profile image

        srahmath 

        6 months ago

        thanks

      • profile image

        annonomous 

        6 months ago

        ctrl+shift+n does not reopen closed window. it opens incognito or inprivate depending on what youre using

      • profile image

        abdullah ajmal 

        6 months ago

        thanks a lot

      • profile image

        Heshani nawodya 

        6 months ago

        Thanks

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