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Parts of a Motherboard and Their Function

Updated on March 22, 2017
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Patrick is a dedicated technology writer wishing to make the world better by informing those people seeking for more knowledge.

The Parts of a Computer Motherboard

Some of the major components of a motherboard.
Some of the major components of a motherboard.

The main printed circuit board in a computer is known as the motherboard. Other names for this central computer unit are system board, main board, or printed wired board (PWB). The motherboard is sometimes shortened to Mobo.

Numerous major components, crucial for the functioning of the computer, are attached to the motherboard. These include the processor, memory, and expansion slots. The motherboard connects directly or indirectly to every part of the PC.

The type of motherboard installed in a PC has a great effect on a computer's system speed and expansion capabilities.

Major Motherboard Components and Their Functions

A labeled ASRock K7VT4A Pro Mainboard.
A labeled ASRock K7VT4A Pro Mainboard. | Source

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Also known as the microprocessor or the processor, the CPU is the computer's brain. It is responsible for fetching, decoding, and executing program instructions as well as performing mathematical and logical calculations.

The processor chip is identified by the processor type and the manufacturer. This information is usually inscribed on the chip itself. For example, Intel 386, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) 386, Cyrix 486, Pentium MMX, Intel Core 2Duo, or iCore7.

If the processor chip is not on the motherboard, you can identify the processor socket as socket 1 to Socket 8, LGA 775 among others. This can help you identify the processor that fits in the socket. For example, a 486DX processor fits into Socket 3.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

Random Access Memory, or RAM, usually refers to computer chips that temporarily store dynamic data to enhance computer performance while you are working.

In other words, it is the working place of your computer, where active programs and data are loaded so that any time time the processor requires them, it doesn't have to fetch them from the hard disk.

Random access memory is volatile, meaning it loses its contents once power is turned off. This is different from non-volatile memory, such as hard disks and flash memory, which do not require a power source to retain data.

When a computer shuts down properly, all data located in RAM is returned back to permanent storage on the hard drive or flash drive. At the next boot-up, RAM begins to fill with programs automatically loaded at startup, a process called booting. Later on, the user opens other files and programs that are still loaded in the memory.

Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)

BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. BIOS is a "read only" memory, which consists of low-level software that controls the system hardware and acts as an interface between the operating system and the hardware. Most people know the term BIOS by another name—device drivers, or just drivers. BIOS is essentially the link between the computer hardware and software in a system.

All motherboards include a small block of Read Only Memory (ROM) which is separate from the main system memory used for loading and running software. On PCs, the BIOS contains all the code required to control the keyboard, display screen, disk drives, serial communications, and a number of miscellaneous functions.

The system BIOS is a ROM chip on the motherboard used during the startup routine (boot process) to check out the system and prepare to run the hardware. The BIOS is stored on a ROM chip because ROM retains information even when no power is being supplied to the computer.

Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Random Access Memory (CMOS RAM)

A CMOS battery.
A CMOS battery.

Motherboards also include a small separate block of memory made from CMOS RAM chips which is kept alive by a battery (known as a CMOS battery) even when the PC’s power is off. This prevents reconfiguration when the PC is powered on.

CMOS devices require very little power to operate.

The CMOS RAM is used to store basic Information about the PC’s configuration for instance:-

  • Floppy disk and hard disk drive types
  • Information about CPU
  • RAM size
  • Date and time
  • Serial and parallel port information
  • Plug and Play information
  • Power Saving settings

Other Important data kept in CMOS memory is the time and date, which is updated by a Real Time Clock (RTC).

Cache Memory

L2 cache on an old motherboard.
L2 cache on an old motherboard.

Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory (RAM) that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the (relatively slow) main memory and passing it to the processor on demand.

Most CPUs have an internal cache memory (built into the processor) which is referred to as Level 1 or primary cache memory. This can be supplemented by external cache memory fitted on the motherboard. This is the Level 2 or secondary cache.

In modern computers, Levels 1 and 2 cache memory are built into the processor die. If a third cache is implemented outside the die, it is referred to as the Level 3 (L3) cache.

Expansion Bus

PCI slots.
PCI slots.

An expansion bus is an input/output pathway from the CPU to peripheral devices and it is typically made up of a series of slots on the motherboard. Expansion boards (cards) plug into the bus. PCI is the most common expansion bus in a PC and other hardware platforms. Buses carry signals such as data, memory addresses, power, and control signals from component to component. Other types of buses include ISA and EISA.

Expansion buses enhance the PCs capabilities by allowing users to add missing features in their computers by slotting adapter cards into expansion slots.

Chipsets

A chipset is a group of small circuits that coordinate the flow of data to and from a PC's key components. These key components include the CPU itself, the main memory, the secondary cache, and any devices situated on the buses. A chipset also controls data flow to and from hard disks and other devices connected to the IDE channels.

A computer has got two main chipsets:

  • The NorthBridge (also called the memory controller) is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor. It is sometimes called the GMCH, for Graphic and Memory Controller Hub.
  • The SouthBridge (also called the input/output controller or expansion controller) handles communications between slower peripheral devices. It is also called the ICH (I/O Controller Hub). The term "bridge" is generally used to designate a component which connects two buses.

Chipset manufacturers include SIS, VIA, ALI, and OPTI.

CPU Clock

The CPU clock synchronizes the operation of all parts of the PC and provides the basic timing signal for the CPU. Using a quartz crystal, the CPU clock breathes life into the microprocessor by feeding it a constant flow of pulses.

For example, a 200 MHz CPU receives 200 million pulses per second from the clock. A 2 GHz CPU gets two billion pulses per second. Similarly, in any communications device a clock may be used to synchronize the data pulses between sender and receiver.

A "real-time clock," also called the "system clock," keeps track of the time of day and makes this data available to the software. A "time-sharing clock" interrupts the CPU at regular intervals and allows the operating system to divide its time between active users and/or applications.

Switches and Jumpers

  • DIP (Dual In-line Package) switches are small electronic switches found on the circuit board that can be turned on or off just like a normal switch. They are very small and so are usually flipped with a pointed object, such as the tip of a screwdriver, a bent paper clip, or a pen top. Take care when cleaning near DIP switches, as some solvents may destroy them. Dip switches are obsolete and you will not find them in modern systems.
  • Jumper pins are small protruding pins on the motherboard. A jumper cap or bridge is used to connect or short a pair of jumper pins. When the bridge is connected to any two pins, via a shorting link, it completes the circuit and a certain configuration has been achieved.
  • Jumper caps are metal bridges that close an electrical circuit. Typically, a jumper consists of a plastic plug that fits over a pair of protruding pins. Jumpers are sometimes used to configure expansion boards. By placing a jumper plug over a different set of pins, you can change a board's parameters.

NOTE: You can check the jumper pins and jumper cap at the back of an IDE hard disk and a CD/DVD ROM/Writer.

Parts of a Motherboard

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© 2011 Patrick Kamau

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      ya mum 26 hours ago

      these sucks go get good info plz my number is 1 666 666 666 plz call for info

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      Linslot sumo David 42 hours ago

      Thanks very much for just putting this topic and discussing it

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      mamadou barry 7 weeks ago

      thank you for the informtion

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      Bahath 2 months ago

      I'm glad to see this lesson.

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      Welles Dark 2 months ago

      Thanks

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      xx 2 months ago

      its really a helpful notes

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      jinsigoshal 2 months ago

      it's good but need more information about other parts also

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      bank 2 months ago

      am a computer science student on industrial training feeling my log book i was to rite a report on motherboard and bios and here i am so good to be here thanks bro God will make you bigeer

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      Atom 2 months ago

      I am doing a repot on motherboards and this is very helpful

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      Unknown 3 months ago

      thank you for helping me =)

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      Happy 3 months ago

      Thanks Patt

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      Enayat 3 months ago

      thanks for this article

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      Hans 3 months ago

      Great. Thank you very much Patrick.

      BR from Berlin.

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      kunjan 3 months ago

      thank you patric..................

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      muhammed fairooz 3 months ago

      it is very helpful

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      gurinder singh saini 3 months ago

      Good this is very helpful for me

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      sajan varpe 4 months ago

      thank you

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      ZEUS 4 months ago

      nice patkay ^+^ thank you

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      mitz 4 months ago

      nice one ya

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      manisha 4 months ago

      it's good-but need more information about other parts also

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      Emmanuel 5 months ago

      Thanks, may God give you More Grace, found this piece useful

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      Num Chucks 5 months ago

      its nice bro .. good job

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      Hitlar 5 months ago

      Thank you for this

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      PRANJAL SAIKIA 6 months ago

      NICE ...AND ITS VERY IMPORTANTS . GIVE ME SOME UPGRADE MOTHERBOARD PARTS AND HOW IS WORK IT? PLEASE

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      melc ky 6 months ago

      thanks for putting this

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      mercy ruto 6 months ago

      Thanks a lot for sharing that much with us its beneficial to me.keep on sharing knowledge with IT guys.

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      @Christian 7 months ago

      This video is amazing now I can show this to my teacher she will give me A+ thanks Patrick :).

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      rex ryan balaquinto 7 months ago

      its so nice that i learn about the parts and function of motherboard

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      kkl 7 months ago

      great help for me ..thank you

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 8 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You can scan your external hard drive with a good antivirus program. Make sure that the antivirus is up to date so that it can be able to detect all the viruses.

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      Garth Schroeder 8 months ago

      how can i safely remove a virus from my external hardrive without deleting my files

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      rahul R 8 months ago

      this articles was amazing!!!!!

      thank you

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      JAMES 8 months ago

      Thanks so much for your detailed information!!!!!It has helped me so much as an I.C.T. student.....

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      rock rakesh 9 months ago

      this part is very important

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      ELsa 9 months ago

      i got lots of help from here..!!thank you.!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 10 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Well, well, I am moved by your response Linda and thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that you were able to grasp something about motherboards. Well I have to admit that I know 'something little' about computers and I have learnt that the best way to explain about computer and the jargon used is to make use of simple language. Thanks again and nice meeting you too.

    • Linda Robinson60 profile image

      Linda Robinson 10 months ago from Cicero, New York

      Wow Patrick what a tremendous hub, I really enjoyed it and have always wondered about this and you made what can be a rather dry technology information actually quite interesting, so much detail, easy to understand, super job. Fantastic writing, So nice meeting you Patrick, gee seems like you have a world of knowledge in this area. I look forward to reading many more of your hubs, And happy to be following you. Linda

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      Roman Temkin 10 months ago from New York

      This is very interesting stuff! I learned a lot reading this.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 15 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I am glad @anjali that this article helped you, thanks for the feedback.

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      anjali 15 months ago

      Thankyou very much....this article helped me a lot

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 16 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @satollealry Thanks a lot for the visit and I am glad you enjoyed the contents here.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 16 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @Albaab Shaikh thanks for the visit and keep reading through my hubs and you will learn a lot. All the best in your class work.

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      Albaab Shaikh 17 months ago

      Thank you for this information

      I am a 9th grade student and i wanted to know more about pc

      Thanks for it

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      Patrick Kamau 17 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome @RAJ HCL and thanks for the visit and comment.

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      RAJ HCL 19 months ago

      thanks sir

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      satollealry 19 months ago

      I think this is interesting and do not see posted often. This is great information.

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      sruthi 20 months ago

      thank you patrick ............... good job...........

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      HARPREET 21 months ago

      NYC ONE

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      abdiwahab 21 months ago

      i would like to appreciate those provide this information clearly

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      Jaquihaca, Princess Diane A. 21 months ago

      Thanks for the info.. such a big help to us, students.

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      tncnv 21 months ago

      thank you for these infos XD

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      melchizedek 22 months ago

      what is tjhe advantage and advage if you are graduate in chs

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      Patrick Kamau 22 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I will try to improve on that but you should have specified what you wanted exactly @ Shin

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      Shin 22 months ago

      It doesn't have a complete info..still lacking some..

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      kyrosh 22 months ago

      awesome..

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      Patrick Kamau 23 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks @ashy you are welcome

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      @ashy 23 months ago

      nice....

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @hdmiguru, I am glad you liked the contents of this hub. Thanks a lot for the visit.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I am glad emmalex you did get something useful from this site, feel free to check for more.

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      emmalex 2 years ago

      I have to confess,this site is truly helpful

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      Tobias 2 years ago from Germany

      Wow - very technical but explained with love! Great hub!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I have to agree with you TTGReviews that it is good to know how these individual parts work. Thanks for the visit and comment.

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      TTGReviews 2 years ago

      This is very helpful for me. Since I build computers, it is good to know how each of the devices work.

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      PATRICIA ANNE 2 years ago

      NO COMMENT

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      piolo P. 2 years ago

      nice one ;)

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      NYPHA LUMABAD 2 years ago

      Im iT student . so that very USEFUL for me . thanks Patkay

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks TTGReviews I will check on that.

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      TTGReviews 2 years ago

      Nice explanation overall. It would be nice if you updated some of the socket information

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      merfred cabusas 2 years ago

      this is a nice page for student to search parts of computer

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      miko 2 years ago

      nice tutorial for parts of motherboard very helpful to me...thanks....

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      Lemreh 2 years ago

      Thanks for this site it helps a lot... :D

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      chelson 2 years ago

      hi sir, this is a good information.

      amazing! now i know..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @AS9922 you are much welcome, thanks for the visit.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks @Dominic Goss I am glad you have learnt something new.

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      Dominic Goss 2 years ago

      This hub is excellent. I always thought BIOS and CMOS were the same thing.

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      AS9922 2 years ago

      FINE, LETS DO MORE, THANKS, KEEP IT UP.

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      swapnil 2 years ago

      nice inf.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome @ammu

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @nathalia27 thanks for the feedback, I am glad you learnt something here.

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      Nancy 2 years ago

      I learned many things about mother board. Very useful hub. Thanks!

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      ammu 2 years ago

      thanks

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ritz you are much welcome.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Glad you liked it @Goldleafs thanks.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks @malik deenar

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome @mark zerisawa

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      mark zerisawa 2 years ago

      thank you man.. i owe you!!

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      malik deenar 2 years ago

      Very nice description

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      Goldleafs 2 years ago

      It is very good hub on the base on pc.

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      ritz 2 years ago

      it ws vry helpful..

      thanks a lot..:)

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you @MARICRIS REMO for appreciating my work.

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      MARICRIS REMO 2 years ago

      ITS VERY HELRFUL

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      LOL AKASH DEEP i do not make but teach about computer parts. Thanks for the visit.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are much welcome PrincessYue

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks steward candole I am glad you learnt something here.

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      Patrick Kamau 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome jenas maeron

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      jenas maeron 2 years ago

      thank you this helps a lot

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      steward candole 2 years ago

      thanks patkay i lernd more to the parts of the mother board...

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      PrincessYue 2 years ago

      Thanks Patkay. You really help me in my assignment.

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      AKASH DEEP 2 years ago

      YOU ARE SO LUCKY BECAUSE U HAVE A CHANCE FOR MAKING PARTS OF COMPUTER

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @d.k. I am glad you learnt something here.

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @Josh thanks a lot for reading and commenting.

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      Josh 3 years ago

      hello

      I'm a student in Computer Engineering and get interest on this page cause it was very helpful and hope get knowing more with time.thx

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      d.k. 3 years ago

      thak you, its very helpful to understand the parts of motherboard

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @mathias korir you are welcome, glad you liked it.

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      mathias korir 3 years ago

      I like this because this is my dream to come to deal with computers.

      It helps me a lot. Thanks for this program.

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I am glad Siti Aisyah to hear you learnt something. Thanks for the response.

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      Siti Aisyah 3 years ago

      this is a very good explanation about the component of motherboard...it was easier 4 me to understand it,,,thnk u,,,

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Well thanks for the visit. I have got a simple explanation for now: "Reballing involves dismantling, heating the chip until it can be removed from the board, typically with a hot-air gun and vacuum pickup tool, removing the device, removing solder remaining on the device and board, putting new solder balls in place, replacing the original device if there was a poor connection, or using a new one, and heating the device or board to solder it in place."

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      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 3 years ago from Philippines

      I had been curious about the motherboard ever since I read somewhere that you can put it in the oven if it's broken and it will work again. There are two terms used in repairing a motherboad -- rebolling and heating. Would you know the difference between the two?

      Thank you for this 101 on the motherboard, so that even a beginner can understand it. The pictures are also very helpful as well as the video. Voted up.

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      jeffzkie, you liked it?

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      jeffzkie 3 years ago

      thats incredible !!!!!!!!!!!!!

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      adrian thanks for the visit, I am glad you liked the hub.

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      adrian 3 years ago

      good now I know

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks AMBROSE MAINA for approving my work. I am glad you have liked this tutorial.

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      AMBROSE MAINA 3 years ago

      Nice job Patkay

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks John , I will try to the different parts individually to make it clear. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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      John 3 years ago

      i love your explanations on this topic but one thing left is that on motherboard, is it every part that has a function and i need a diagram for it to be more clearer to me

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome kwame christopher. I am glad you want to know much about computers. It is a very interesting field of study. And again you are guaranteed to get something to do once you gain the necessary skills. Wishing you all the best in your endeavors.

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      kwame christopher 3 years ago

      good day and i hope you doing great for me teacher.......well am a new student and i want to learn more here and i will need you the most please my e-mail is kekukwme@yahoo.com i want to be a master of it some day just like you and teach others coming.....you r best......tech...

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      apollo, I am glad you have liked it. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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      apollo 3 years ago

      thanks

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome Sulli Choi, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad that you found important information here. Thanks for your visit.

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      Sulli Choi 3 years ago

      I got a lot of information in here......

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Aditi, you are welcome to read more of my works. I am glad that you liked the tutorials. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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      Aditi 3 years ago

      I got a lot of help from the page

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Yes shaira, there is a great difference between because the microprocessor is the brain of the computer. Its main work is to fetch, decode, and execute program instructions. Looking at the memory, it holds programs and instructions that are in use by the computer. So memory acts as a temporary working place for the computer. Thanks, hope this helps.

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      shaira 3 years ago

      the difference between microprocessor and memory module

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks instik, yes I have some more information related to computers. If you browse through my other hubs, you might find exactly what you are looking for. I am glad you liked the tutorials.

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      instik 3 years ago

      very useful info i get ..thank you sir...do you have more info in the motherboard sir can i see it... *_*

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome paul, glad you found some time to read and leave a reply. Thank you so much.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      receivetipstricks, IDE is not the same as network card. IDE means Integrated Drive Electronics which is actually a type of interface developed in early days for connecting hard disk drives to the computer. A new interface called EIDE cama up later to replace the IDE. Nowadays, we are using the SATA interface for connecting drives to computers. On the other hand, a network card is the interface that helps you to connect to the internet. It is where you connect the Ethernet cable.

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      Mrinal Saha 3 years ago from Jaipur,India

      What is IDE is it same as network card.. ?

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      paul 3 years ago

      tnxs pat..this help me to study

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      njeri, thanks for your visit and comment. I am glad you liked it.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks cj for reading and appreciating my work. I am glad you liked it.

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      cj 3 years ago

      wonderful

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      njeri 3 years ago

      good work

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome Guta Neme, I am glad that the note were useful to you. Thanks for giving a feed back, tell your friends about the notes and help spread the word.

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      Guta Neme 3 years ago

      I'm happy with those suspensive note and thanks for putting here!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      alexcel lavide, I am very sure this will help as there are numerous components listed and explained. Thanks for visiting and commenting.

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      alexcel lavide from the philipines 3 years ago

      i am looking to assemble of a computer and i think this might come in

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      topstar43 you are welcome, I am glad you liked the tutorials. Read through the others and you will get more notes and help.

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      topstar43 3 years ago

      Thank you for your kind understanding in providing our research in just a simple way -datas provider.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks aloe for reading and commenting. I am happy that you found something useful from this hub. hope you will check the others too.

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      aloe 3 years ago

      thank you 4 this one

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you sabel, glad you liked the information supplied here. Keep checking the others.

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      sabel 3 years ago

      it's a very good idea :))

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Azuma kazuma, I am glad you fell in love with this site, there is a lot for you to learn from it. Thanks.

    • profile image

      Azuma kazuma 3 years ago

      tnx patkay I love this site

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      Patrick Kamau 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Abhigyan Shrivastava, for your suggestion. I will look at it and see.

    • profile image

      Abhigyan Shrivastava 3 years ago

      Charming post....... But it could have been excellent if you could have added an image like :-

      http://studynotes.net/images/motherboard_layout.jp...

      But after all........ it's fine

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Rajesh you are welcome, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad that you liked the article about motherboards parts.

    • profile image

      Rajesh 4 years ago

      Nice and Thank you

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you Brit-Brat (DgS) for commenting. I am glad you find help from this page. Keep reading and checking the others.

    • profile image

      Brit-Brat (DgS) 4 years ago

      I love this site it really helps me in all of my assignments. Thanks, very helpful

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome chandu. I am glad you found something useful.

    • profile image

      chandu 4 years ago

      thank u sir

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      tams, you are welcome. I hope you will continue reading more of my work to gain more. Thanks.

    • profile image

      tams 4 years ago

      thmkx a lot man... i studied 2 topic of urs... it gave me ideas thn i already knw :)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      mtroutson, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked the article and I am sure it has boosted you in one way or the other, helping you to know more about computers.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Cliquer, you are welcome to read more of my works. Thanks for the support.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks dkmayo, I am glad you liked the tutorial. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      dkmayo 4 years ago

      You tied everything together nicely, from the motherboard to the jumpers. It will make great reference material.

    • Cliquer profile image

      Cliquer 4 years ago

      I am impressed! I am taking it mobile!!!

    • mtroutson profile image

      Michael Routson 4 years ago

      Hey Patkay, this was a really great help. I'm just starting to learn about computer science and this article helped to fill in a couple of the gaps I had. Many Thanks! Voting you up, useful and interesting!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Wow thanks Coffeeatdawn for appreciating my work. If you can be able to get an old computer, you can be able to learn more about these motherboard parts. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Coffeeatdawn profile image

      MB 4 years ago from Philippines

      This is insightful! I know have a grasp of what is inside my pc. I bought a new desktop and everything that the technician was telling me blew me away...all those technical terms. Thank you for presenting it in layman's term :)

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      punitha, thanks, I am glad you found what you wanted. Thank you for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      punitha 4 years ago

      hi patkay.. thank u so much.. i like this site.coz,wat i want,i got from this site.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks sony for reading and commenting. I have to agree with you that this is a very good stuff especially for those with an interest with computers.

    • profile image

      sony 4 years ago

      good stuff

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      shaina marino, you are welcome to read more of my works.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Harendra, check from my tutorials and you will find what you want.

    • profile image

      Harendra 4 years ago

      I want to learn about computer memory basics and management

    • profile image

      shaina marino 4 years ago

      how sweet..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Syed - The NorthBridge (also called the memory controller) is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor. It is sometimes called the GMCH, for Graphic and Memory Controller Hub.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks for your approval, you will surely get more.

    • profile image

      syed 4 years ago

      what is the function of north bridge

    • profile image

      patrick 4 years ago

      this is a good job more gress to ur elbow we want more of d chips tank.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      sure prakash pal, which section would you like to know more about?

    • profile image

      prakash pal 4 years ago

      can you give on hardware note..........

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      monika yadav, you are welcome and tell your friends about this site so that they can benefit from it too. Thanks and enjoy your learning.

    • profile image

      monika yadav 4 years ago

      thank you for helping me in my assingment

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are much welcome olatunbosun. I am glad you liked the hub.

    • profile image

      olatunbosun 4 years ago

      Thank you very much

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      vaishnavi you are welcome, glad that I am helping people learn more about computers.

    • profile image

      vaishnavi 4 years ago

      i have been searching for this ,thank you very much.

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      shicka, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad that you found the article useful.

    • profile image

      shicka 4 years ago

      nice article about mother board, i will get this article for my homework . thanks :)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome enzo. I am glad you found this tutorial useful. Thank you for the visit and comment.

    • profile image

      enzo 4 years ago

      i have my assignment. thanks for PATKAY :)))

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      It is okay mamu, as a writer I usually get used to it. But on the other hand, don't get bored in a lecture room, always have a notebook and pen at hand and then keep jotting down useful points that come your way and eventually you will become like me ...

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      mamu 4 years ago

      sorry for irritatin u.......actly v were bored in d lectures....but really good stuff..!!

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      santa unfortunately not. Thanks for the visit.

    • profile image

      santa 4 years ago

      can u give notes on c programming?????????????????

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Teshome, I am am glad that you liked this tutorial. Thanks for your appreciation. Keep on checking more tutorials about computers.

    • profile image

      Teshome 4 years ago

      I want to really apperciate your nice way of persantaion particularly with coulor figure May my extrme thank to you

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      i love justin bieber, I am glad you had some good help from my works. Thanks for reading and commenting. Wishing you the best.

    • profile image

      i love justin bieber 4 years ago

      thankyou this helped a lot

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Why mamu should your hands be in pain.....?

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      anjaan, these are online names.

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks a lot santa, I am glad you like my stuff. Keeep checking the others.

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      santa 4 years ago

      quite good stuff

    • profile image

      anjaan 4 years ago

      what name patkay & cuttler.....lol

    • profile image

      mamu 4 years ago

      our hands started paining writing your stuff........................

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Yes I agree cuttler, here you will get an in depth knowledge about how different parts of a computer operate and their importance.

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      Cuttler 4 years ago from HubPages

      Good stuff...I am looking to assemble a comp and I think this might come in handy.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome jedz borja. Thanks for reading and commenting. I am happy that these tutorials helped you a lot. May I take this opportunity to wish the best in your exams. I will add images for solid state drives. Thanks and keep reading.

    • profile image

      jedz borja 4 years ago

      hello Patkay i really like your site i learn so many things about motherboard..i have an exam this week about the parts of motherboard and also a storage device such as hdd and ssd...I hope you have an images of a solid state drive(sdd) there parts...thank you and god bless...

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you khmohsin for reading and sharing. It is my wish to enlighten others and I am glad they are reading it and liking it. I am sure it has helped many. Thanks.

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      khmohsin 4 years ago from London,UK

      Patkay,

      You have shared the awesome technology as well as hardware of the computer, that is changing day by day. Liked and shared with friends. Thumbs up

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you very much sayantan banerjee. I am glad you liked the article. I encourage you to read more of my work.

    • profile image

      sayantan banerjee 4 years ago

      you're awesome

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks soil for reading and commenting. I am glad you gained something from the tutorial.

    • profile image

      soil 4 years ago

      well i'll say i've understood queat a bit

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome MICHAELOPOKU. I am glad it was of help to you. Thank you for reading and commenting. Keep checking the others too.

    • profile image

      MICHAELOPOKU466@YAHOO.COM 4 years ago

      THANK YOU FOR GIVING ME THIS GUIDLINE

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      dwachira, thanks for your visit and your comment. I actually, this is my best hub so far, it gets most of the traffic. Yes it is true I get many comments from non hubbers from all over the world. I think thousands of people need to know about computers, especially upcoming Computer Engineering students. Thanks for the vote and share.

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      [ Danson Wachira ] 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi Patkay,

      I have never read a hub here that has been commented by so many non-hubbers. Going through this article now i understand why. Great article that touches on a common topic that is always sought after especially by beginners Computer science students. You did a wonderful job here. Voted up, useful and shared.

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Fred, for reading and commenting. Hoping you will keep on visiting and checking the others. I am glad you found it useful.

    • profile image

      Fred 4 years ago

      It was really very helpful.

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      pranav joshi india, I am glad you found it useful, thanks for taking your time to comment.

    • profile image

      pranav joshi india 4 years ago

      i thanks cause it give me help in project of motherboard.thanksss

      -pra

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Well thanks eloiza meh for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked my articles. Keep reading.

    • profile image

      eloiza meh 4 years ago

      wow! i learn it so much

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome nharis. Remember to keep on reading these helpful tutorials.

    • profile image

      nharis 4 years ago

      thanks ser

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      kavin, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked it.

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      kavin 4 years ago

      reallyy useful.....

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      mig, these are not all the components. There are others that I have not included here but might add later.

    • profile image

      mig 4 years ago

      is this all the parts?

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks maghuyop, for reading and commenting, glad you liked it.

    • profile image

      maghuyop 4 years ago

      its so great......................?

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks krishna tejwani for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.

    • profile image

      krishna tejwani 4 years ago

      great it is to good

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Wow. Thanks ella dwyn for reading and commenting. Glad you liked me and my work.

    • profile image

      ella dwyn 4 years ago

      i really like you hehhhe..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome mEEEE. I am glad you liked the hub.

    • profile image

      mEEEE 4 years ago

      Hi thanks for the information..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      TARIF HUSSAIN MEWAT, thanks for vising my hubs.

    • profile image

      TARIF HUSSAIN MEWAT 8053052005 4 years ago

      THANKS SIR READING FOR COMMENT

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I agree with you totally. This information is useful to many. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Mark, you are welcome to read more of my hubs. Thanks for the comment.

    • profile image

      Mark 4 years ago

      hey buddy thank for that information.,.,.,.

    • profile image

      aaaaaaaaaa 4 years ago

      thanks for this useful information

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Anil kumar, for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.

    • profile image

      Anil kumar 4 years ago

      I like this.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Ronel S. Galabin, I have have accepted your thanks and also agree the article is good for those who want to know about the motherboard components. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      Ronel S. Galabin 4 years ago

      This is useful. A big thanks to the author

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      joseph, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that people from home are enjoying reading my work. Thanks for the comment and your support.

      Wishing you the best there at jkuat

    • profile image

      joseph, jkuat 4 years ago

      the best, simple to understand notes.....thank you

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      And a big thank you kyzier for reading and commenting. I am happy that you found it is useful.

    • profile image

      kyzier 4 years ago

      thank you for making this ' web,,,

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      manjeet and otep, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad you liked it.

    • profile image

      manjeet 4 years ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      otep 4 years ago

      thanks for the information..

    • profile image

      jonathan 4 years ago

      heha .. :)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks SAN for reading and commenting. I am happy that you could be able to work on your assignment.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      anjan thanks for your visit. Glad the hub was useful.

    • profile image

      SAN 4 years ago

      This page is much helpful for easy understanding.it really helped for my short time assignment....

    • profile image

      anjan 4 years ago

      thanks for the information

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks gelenefrancisco for reading and commenting.

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Itodo isaac, I am glad that you liked it. Check for more tutorials.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ carlo, don't worry that you lack the proper words to comment. Thanks for your visit.

    • profile image

      Itodo isaac 4 years ago

      This write up is too good and precise thanks man for putting this up

    • profile image

      Itodo isaac 4 years ago

      This write up is too good and precise thanks man for putting this up

    • profile image

      gelenefrancisco@yahoo.com 4 years ago

      thank u.....for posting it......

    • profile image

      carlo 4 years ago

      oooooooooohhhhhhhhhhh

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Atharva Chavan, I have to agree with you that the tutorial is good for everyone. Thanks for the visit and your comment.

    • profile image

      Atharva Chavan 4 years ago

      great info.. helpful for everyone :: from "noobs" to the "geeks" :)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks bino for reading and commenting. Hope you will read the other tutorials too.

    • profile image

      bino 4 years ago

      Thanks

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks priya. Your reading and commenting is appreciated.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Rizzu, glad you got some help from this hub.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks too Keerthi for reading and commenting.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ vinz, thanks for taking your time to read. What do you mean by apg?

    • profile image

      priya 4 years ago

      simple n good....

    • profile image

      Rizzu 4 years ago

      thank u... its helpful....

    • profile image

      Keerthi 4 years ago

      Thanks.........................Good job..............

    • profile image

      vinz 4 years ago

      what about apg sir?

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      zander, thanks a lot for reading and commenting, glad that you learnt something new. That is the way to go. Keep reading my articles.

    • profile image

      zander 4 years ago

      hi patkay you are way to assmbleng pc or mobo and I see your videos and i learn to now assembling PC or CPU

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Well, lucky dhatwalia, what do I say? I am glad you found help in this article. Wishing you the best in your exams.

    • profile image

      lucky dhatwalia 4 years ago

      thanks dude ........this page is so helpful to me.my exams are held on ...and due to this knowledge i knows a lot of things about computer. thanks again buddy.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      ashley, thanks for reading and appreciating my work. I am happy that you found something useful. Keep checking my other works.

    • profile image

      ashley 4 years ago

      thank you very :D it helps a lot :D

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @prabhav, thanks for your comment. Your support is much needed.

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Shamila Niroshanie, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad you found something useful.

    • profile image

      prabhav 4 years ago

      thanks for the information.......it was very use full.....

    • profile image

      Shamila Niroshanie 4 years ago

      this is a good job and i got more knowledge after reading this note. thank you so much

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks yudhisthir for reading and commenting. You will learn something new from my articles.

    • profile image

      yudhisthir 4 years ago

      I am reading.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      SWAPNIL , thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      SWAPNIL 4 years ago

      THISE INFORMATION IS BEETAR

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you wow. Your stopping by and commenting on this hub is much appreciated. I am smiling widely knowing that you have benefited from this hub.

    • profile image

      wow 4 years ago

      you have the right definitions

    • profile image

      pire 4 years ago

      great work you got there,thanks

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks sunil gupta, your comment and stopping by is appreciated.

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Many thanks to you Tom for reading and commenting. Your encouragement is in order and accepted.

    • profile image

      Tom 4 years ago

      am a computer engineering student in kenya,this information has been very helpful and very powerful.thanks Patkay

    • profile image

      sunil gupta 4 years ago

      thank you sir this knowledge get

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Tonny Kirwa for reading and commenting. You have assured me that I am achieving my goal, 'to educate the marginalized people - those behind technology'. I wish you the best in your studies. Remember to check more up coming tutorials.

    • profile image

      Tonny Kirwa 4 years ago

      I'm a Kenyan Student and this information has assisted so much. Be blessed always and continue the good job!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ jassy and tafri, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that you benefited from my work.

    • profile image

      tafri 4 years ago

      thanks a lot dis is all i need for my forthcoming exams.

    • profile image

      jassy 4 years ago

      thanxs for the information it helped a lot

    • profile image

      mother 4 years ago

      board

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @phin. You are welcome. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      phin 4 years ago

      thank u

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks lilly for checking this hub. I am happy that you liked it.

    • profile image

      lilly 4 years ago

      it's a very knowledge page and heip in many way.

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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      G M S Rao, you are welcome. Glad you enjoyed reading.

    • profile image

      G M S Rao 4 years ago

      Thank sir

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Davis for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.

    • profile image

      Davis 4 years ago

      Thanks for the detailed info,it has really helped me.Good work.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      enchong, thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      enchong 4 years ago

      thank you poe

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Nick for reading and commenting. You can check more of my work. I am glad that you liked it.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Mataz,zambia, thanks for reading and commenting. Your encouragement gives me the strength to continue my work of educating people.

    • profile image

      Nick 4 years ago

      Great work, i really enjoyed. Very resourceful information for all including academicians.

      Thanks,

      IT specialist, Kenya

    • profile image

      Mataz,zambia 4 years ago

      Doin a gret job kip it beyond the sky!!

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Students Club, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Your congratulations are in order and I accept them. My aim is to help the newbies in the computer field, to make them learn more and be able to interact with it with lots of ease.

      I am glad that you liked it.

    • profile image

      Students Club 4 years ago

      Wow!!!!!It's very exciting and good for students that take cost ICT......

      Congratulations!!!!!!

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks pooja for noting that, I have added a link for motherboard form factors above.

    • profile image

      pooja 4 years ago

      insufficent material. plz try to give more functions of motherboard

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Kiran, I want to help others know computer as I have done and even go beyond to higher levels. My concern is that there are a lot of people who don't know much or anything about computers. I want to bring them in the know.

      Thanks for reading and commenting, glad you found it useful.

    • profile image

      Kiran 4 years ago

      who r u i don't know, but u r a great bcoz given good information thanks bro.....

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Tesfaye Dula thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Glad you liked it.

    • profile image

      Tesfaye Dula 5 years ago

      good

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks ishaan for reading and commenting. I am glad this helped you.

    • profile image

      ishaan 5 years ago

      Wow,thanks a million pat?you've helped me a lot n i was so glad visiting your site,it was jst what i was lookin 4,Brilliant n thanks again

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      silvia, you are most welcome. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      silvia 5 years ago

      thanx Patkay.this has really assisted me.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks ABHIJITH, for reading and commenting. Glad you could get something out of it.

    • profile image

      ABHIJITH 5 years ago

      This article was very helpful indeed.....

      Thanks for creating this..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      AMBROSE, thanks for reading and commenting. For other types of motherboards you can try to google and see if you will get one that you want.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Sala for reading and commenting. My work is here to help people like you.

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      AMBROSE 5 years ago

      thanks for this useful article keep the good work. but is there a complete circuit diagram for the motherboard?

    • profile image

      Sala 5 years ago

      Thank You so...much Patkay for all the notes it was very helpful in my assignments and revison for my examination,you are truly the best!!! Love your web page by the way....!!!!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi to you holen.

    • profile image

      holen 5 years ago

      hi to anyone

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks TINA for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      TINA 5 years ago

      GOOD ONE!!!!!1

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      newatthis, thanks too for checking my and commenting. I am glad that you found them useful.

    • profile image

      newatthis 5 years ago

      thank you so much for the information. you have been a great help!

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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      From UG, thanks kikonyogo peter for reading and commenting. I am wishing you all the best.

    • profile image

      kikonyogo peter 5 years ago

      hi dear,it`s grt wrk 4sure i am 2pass my which is yet to take place kikonyogo peter uganda

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks udzayi k, for reading and commenting. I appreciate your stopping by.

    • profile image

      udzayi k 5 years ago

      BRAVO

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Nitin, thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment. Remember to also check my other works. Cheers.

    • profile image

      Nitin 5 years ago

      Nice and very educational

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Rokoratu (Fiji) for reading and commenting on my work. I am glad that I could be of help to you. All the best in what you do.

    • profile image

      Rokoratu (Fiji) 5 years ago

      Thax that was a very big help in my assignments...

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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ isa baba, I am grateful to know that my site has given something important. Thanks for reading & commenting and remember to keep on checking my other works.

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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks a lot SAJDA for supporting my work by reading and commenting. I will keep on producing the best materials for people with an interest like you.

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      isa baba 5 years ago

      i learned a lot on this article tnx for the encourable peaople like u, we will be on touch all the tyme as long as ur site existing. Tnx alot

    • profile image

      SAJDA 5 years ago

      HI PATKAY.UR TUTORIALS R DA BEST... THANX A lot...

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you too mwendwa peter for visiting my hubs and commenting.

    • profile image

      mwendwa peter 5 years ago

      Thanks a lot, i have benefited from your work.

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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      samuel adjei thank you a lot for your encouraging words and your prayer. It is a real encouragement to me especially on a morning like today. God bless you too.

    • profile image

      samuel adjei 5 years ago

      i like this keep bringing more on this

      God bless u and give more grace to do this

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Rycos Choten, thank you for taking time to comment on my work. Remember to check my other tutorials.

    • profile image

      Rycos Choten 5 years ago

      Thanks, This tutorial very helpful..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome Senthil. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      Senthil 5 years ago

      Thanku

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks sravanthi, my wish is to share the knowledge that I have so that others can benefit. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      sravanthi 5 years ago

      It is that glad we could understand

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Reynaldo for reading and commenting, you can check more of my work on my profile.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks anonymus for reading and commenting. These tutorials are very important for those who don't know about computers.

    • profile image

      Reynaldo 5 years ago

      Mr paktay you right it's more fun in the phillippines.

    • profile image

      anonymus 5 years ago

      what a nice reference !!!!!

      hahah !!!! it's more fun in the .......PHIL...

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @simpy, thanks a lot for reading and commenting.I am glad these posts are helping people.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks subhas bania, you are welcome to read more of my work.

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      simpy 5 years ago

      it`s very helpfull......

      thanx for these type of posts..... :)

    • profile image

      subhas bania 5 years ago

      Patkay u r execent tutor....

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      That is true RGB1961, I have to update some of my hubs because technology keeps on changing. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ nwisabari bani bright, I am glad that you have learnt something from this hub. Thanks for reading and commenting.

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      RGB1961 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Patkay,

      this is a good article and gives a basic insight into the workings of a computer. However you might need to do an updated one since newer mobos and components have come out.

      Thanks for sharing.

    • profile image

      nwisabari bani bright 5 years ago

      i have enlightened by your information.i give you credit.Greece to your relentless effort.i wish to learn more from you.thanks.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks monika, imagine what, I wanted to write about abbreviations but then assumed that people are okay with the abbreviations. I am working on them ASAP (As Soon As Possible). So keep checking back.

    • profile image

      monika 5 years ago

      thanks for giving me this useul information,

      if you give abbrevations also it would be

      very nice.

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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks Judy for reading and commenting, I have a lot of computer knowledge to pass to anyone who wants it. Success comes only after hard work.

    • profile image

      judy 5 years ago

      good information i will make use of you since you are near me.thaxz ooh

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks rafiiii, for reading and commenting. Keep reading my other works.

    • profile image

      rafiiii 5 years ago

      fantastic yar

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ G.NAGENDRA, thanks for reading and commenting. I am passing on to others what I have learnt. I also want you to benefit.

    • profile image

      G.NAGENDRA 5 years ago

      IT WAS REALLY VERY USEFUL

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks a lot Tarnzuul Godwin for your comment. Remember to check my other hubs for more information.

    • profile image

      Tarnzuul Godwin 5 years ago

      Thanks for the tips, it's lots of help to me

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks too ammy for going through the hub and commenting. I will keep on providing more information to those who want to change their lives in terms of computer knowledge.

    • profile image

      ammy 5 years ago

      thanks patkay... thanks a lot ,,,for providing such wonderful information for learners....

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome Adeyanju Segun. I like giving people information about computers. Remember to check my other hubs for more tutorials.

    • profile image

      Adeyanju Segun 5 years ago

      Indeed, d info has helped me solve my problems. I say a big txns 2 u!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      This is great joshua. I am glad you were able to learn something important from this hub.Remember to check the others too. Thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      joshua 5 years ago

      I am 11 years old i am researching for my report it really help me out thank you....=)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks amir farisy for reading and commenting. Now for Dreamweaver,I am also a novice but I intend to learn more about it by the end of this year. If you are wondering how I have prepared this hub and others, then the answers is we use templates which can be used even by novices.

      You can try to Google for Dreamweaver resource materials. Thanks again.

    • profile image

      amir farisy 5 years ago

      thank you a lot.can i know how to use dreamweaver?

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      You are welcome Adeyanju Segun. It is good to make sure everyone knows about computers.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      I totally agree with you Ogotiben. It is good to learn from different sources. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      Adeyanju Segun 5 years ago

      Tnx u so much 4 impacting dis knownledge of computer 2 evry novist.

    • profile image

      Ogotiben. 5 years ago

      This is ta best way we can lean from various lecturers.keep it up en about computer nowadays is life.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Carlo Buntag thanks for reading. I have a dream to keep on pushing this good work. Your prayers and support are much needed. My happiness is to see people learn about computers.

    • profile image

      Carlo Buntag 5 years ago

      This article was perfectly done. You are so great. Now I understand it more. I hope you will continue this effort, so that you can help more people who are struggling about the parts of computer.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Arunkumar,

      @ sreejish, thanks guys for reading and commenting. It is always my happiness to give knowledge to others rather than keeping it to my self. Thanks again.

    • profile image

      sreejish 5 years ago

      thnks for information then mor knowldge in components , the peopele can reed after thn improove our wrks ,,thnks

    • profile image

      Arunkumar 5 years ago

      you are smart

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ ELIJAH, thanks for stopping by. I will continue with my work of educating people more about the computer.

      @ RAJA HAMZA SAEED and anupriya, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Keep on vising my hubs to access the latest hubs.

    • profile image

      anupriya 5 years ago

      cleared all my doubts about the configuration of c.p.u..helpful data

    • profile image

      RAJA HAMZA SAEED 5 years ago

      I read your notes and other suitable and fruitfull documentary on internet.I thank you for all these afferts and i hope that you will carry on your struggle to convay your knowldge to human being.

    • profile image

      ELIJAH 5 years ago

      I sincerely appreciate what u doing in keeping us abreast of the computer, please continue with ur good work.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ vino, what can I say? I am humbled by the support you are offering. Thanks for dropping by and commenting.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ aschalew akalu, in the IT field, always expect the unexpected. Remember to check my other tutorials too, you might find something useful.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ AMAR SOLANKI, thanks for your comment, I am working on more tutorials that will also cover troubleshooting. So be on the look out.

    • profile image

      vino 5 years ago

      so sweet of u.... its very useful for me....

    • profile image

      aschalew akalu 5 years ago

      they are not short and clear

    • profile image

      AMAR SOLANKI 5 years ago

      IT IS VERY GOOD TUTORIAL FOR THE NOVICES LIKE ME. IT GAVE ME ALL THE BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT MOTHERBOARD. THANKS FOR SUCH A GREAT TUTORIAL. CAN YOU PROVIDE TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION OF MOTHERBOARD. ALL THE BEST......

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ GRAYMAN, thanks, we have to keep on learning every now and then. Your comment and visits to my articles are encouragements to me.

    • profile image

      GRAYMAN 5 years ago

      THANK YOU FOR EVERYTHING THAT WE KNOW..

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks sandeep for reading. My hubs will help you very much the reason being I am also a teacher and I like giving the best to my students. I wish you success!

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @sudheer kumar k thanks too for going through this hub and commenting.

    • profile image

      sandeep 5 years ago

      i really appriciate ur knowledge I got a lot from it nd get gud remarks from my teacher 4 this

    • profile image

      sudheer kumar k 5 years ago

      thak u very much

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ priya,

      @ shifali

      @ shaffy. Thanks guys for stopping by. I appreciate your comments. I will always strive to give you more information about computers.

    • profile image

      shaffy 5 years ago

      nice.. nd well written.... thnx for providing mee knowledge.........:)

    • profile image

      shifali 5 years ago

      nice page thanx a lot for info

    • profile image

      priya 5 years ago

      u r very sweet

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks prashant bisht for reading and commenting. You can check on more of my articles.

    • profile image

      prashant bisht 5 years ago

      it is really nice.thanks for understand a component of motherboard.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi ben isaboke, thanks for dropping by and commenting.Your support is much needed.

    • profile image

      ben isaboke 5 years ago

      keep it up men well done

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ InduswebiTech, thanks, I will try and add some pictures for the north and south bridge.

      @ Arun, You are not supposed to forget your passwords, but since it has happened, use the CMOS jumpers to reset the password.

      @ jhorix. Thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      jhorix 5 years ago

      tnx...for the information...ive learned a lot u help me in my assestment

    • profile image

      Arun 5 years ago

      If i forgot my system password how can i restore the password or get into system

    • InduswebiTech profile image

      InduswebiTech 5 years ago from Rama Road, Kirti Nagar, New Delhi, India

      great but what about north and south bridge

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks guys, am glad that you popped in. There is more coming so stay tunned.

    • profile image

      SAIF 5 years ago

      THESE INFORMATIONS ARE VERY USEABLE FOR A STUDIENT

    • profile image

      ckindy 5 years ago

      hai tnx nka research na jud ko

    • profile image

      ckindy 5 years ago

      hai tnx nka research na jud ko

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @miles AND @ jeya, thanks a lot for visiting my page.

    • profile image

      jeya 5 years ago

      It's very useful 2 improve our knowledge.v can select PC of our own.

    • profile image

      miles 5 years ago

      like it.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ vash_06, thanks for your comment. I hope to keep up with the good work.

    • profile image

      vash_06 5 years ago

      its good to many people,,thank you:)

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      sivakuma, you are welcome. You can check more of my works to learn more. Thanks for dropping by and commenting.

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      sivakumar 5 years ago

      Thank u so much!!!

    • ravi2012 profile image

      Ravindra Kolhe 5 years ago from India

      thnk you sir.... :)

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Hi ravi2012, you need to change the CMOS battery - that coin sized battery on your PC because it is the one that powers the CMOS RAM. The CMOS RAM is where date and time is stored and since it is a RAM (holds data as long as there is power), it has to be powered so that it doesn't loose it's contents.

      Thanks for your question.

    • ravi2012 profile image

      Ravindra Kolhe 5 years ago from India

      hey in my computer, date n time not save after shut down..

      what can i do for it....?

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Daniel, I always like to give the best whenever I can. Then I also want other people to benefit as I have done. Thanks for your time and comment.

    • profile image

      Daniel 5 years ago

      A very teaching page. for school i have to write a paper on motherboards. This will help me a lot thank you and you wrote it very well.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ denx, you are welcome to read more of my hubs. Thanks for taking your time to read and comment.

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks a lot andy, university of Ghana, for reading and asking a question. If you want to see more buses, please check on my other hub called "Computer Bus Architecture", or you can use this link for quick access, https://turbofuture.com/computers/buses

      Check the other hubs too and you will find important tips about computers. Wishing you the best.

    • profile image

      denx 5 years ago

      tnx for the info!

    • profile image

      andy, university of Ghana 5 years ago

      fantastic work but what are the differences between the control, address and data buses?

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ pascal roosevelt, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I will surely add more notes so that people can benefit from them.

    • profile image

      pascal roosevelt 5 years ago

      oh that is good for us and we learn more i was just advice to ya dat epand more notes

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ susan you are welcome to read more of my work.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      "a simple and perfect explanation even for the beginers..." Thanks a lot mrudula for the compliment.

    • profile image

      susan 5 years ago

      it is too good

    • profile image

      mrudula 5 years ago

      a simple and perfect explanation even for the beginers also....i have learnt a lot 4m this page thanx a lot patkay....

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Great, great glyciel, glad that you have gained something from this page. Thanks a lot for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      glyciel 5 years ago

      I've learn a lot from this page. . .

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Griffith, thanks for reading and commenting. @ paul, thanks and you are welcome to read more of my work.

    • profile image

      paul 5 years ago

      nice detonation simple and to the point

    • profile image

      Griffith 5 years ago

      was almost forgetting the components mentioned above. thumbs up for the reminder.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks a lot krishna, for reading and commenting, I am glad that you learnt something about major motherboard components.

    • profile image

      krishna 5 years ago

      i was satisfied by this topic

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ Friday, you are welcome to our world. After a quick gooooogling I have realized that Ankpa kogi is in Nigeria. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image

      friday 5 years ago

      Am Friday from Ankpa in kogi state

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thank you very much Praveen Praytan for reading and commenting. Read more of my work and you will enjoy it.

    • profile image

      Praveen Praytan 5 years ago

      it's a very knowledge page.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @ SHADRACK OWUSU, for laptops you should check the nearest computer shop. You will be able to get the one you want.

    • profile image

      SHADRACK OWUSU 5 years ago

      I WANT A LAPTOP

    • Patkay profile image
      Author

      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      Thanks matt. Keep reading these educative hubs.

    • profile image

      matt 5 years ago

      That's true because as we go higher the world evolve.

    • Patkay profile image
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      Patrick Kamau 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

      @lucy patrick. Thanks for reading. We have to keep on learning in this changing world.

    • profile image

      lucy patrick 5 years ago

      Hi teacher you have reminded me those old good days. helpful

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