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Parts of a Motherboard and Their Function

The Parts of a Computer Motherboard

Some of the major components of a motherboard.
Some of the major components of a motherboard.

The main printed circuit board in a computer is known as the motherboard. Other names for this central computer unit are system board, main board, or printed wired board (PWB). Motherboard is sometimes shortened to Mobo.

Numerous major components, crucial in the functioning of the computer, are attached to the motherboard. These include the processor, memory, and expansion slots. The motherboard connects directly or indirectly to every part of the PC.

The type of motherboard installed in a PC has a great effect on a computer's system speed and expansion capabilities.

Major Motherboard Components and Their Functions

A labeled ASRock K7VT4A Pro Mainboard.
A labeled ASRock K7VT4A Pro Mainboard. | Source

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Also known as the microprocessor or the processor, the CPU is the computer's brain. It is responsible for fetching, decoding, and executing program instructions as well as performing mathematical and logical calculations.

The processor chip is identified by the processor type and the manufacturer. This information is usually inscribed on the chip itself. For example, Intel 386, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) 386, Cyrix 486, Pentium MMX, Intel Core 2Duo, or iCore7.

If the processor chip is not on the motherboard, you can identify the processor socket as socket 1 to Socket 8, LGA 775 among others. This can help you identify the processor that fits in the socket. For example, a 486DX processor fits into Socket 3.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

Random Access Memory, or RAM, usually refers to computer chips that temporarily store dynamic data to enhance computer performance while you are working.

In other words, it is the working place of your computer, where active programs and data are loaded so that any time time the processor requires them, it doesn't have to fetch them from the hard disk.

Random access memory is volatile, meaning it loses its contents once power is turned off. This is different from non-volatile memory, such as hard disks and flash memory, which do not require a power source to retain data.

When a computer shuts down properly, all data located in RAM is returned back to permanent storage on the hard drive or flash drive. At the next boot-up, RAM begins to fill with programs automatically loaded at startup, a process called booting. Later on, the user opens other files and programs that are still loaded in the memory.

Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)

BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. BIOS is a "read only" memory, which consists of low-level software that controls the system hardware and acts as an interface between the operating system and the hardware. Most people know the term BIOS by another name—device drivers, or just drivers. BIOS is essentially the link between the computer hardware and software in a system.

All motherboards include a small block of Read Only Memory (ROM) which is separate from the main system memory used for loading and running software. On PCs, the BIOS contains all the code required to control the keyboard, display screen, disk drives, serial communications, and a number of miscellaneous functions.

The system BIOS is a ROM chip on the motherboard used during the startup routine (boot process) to check out the system and prepare to run the hardware. The BIOS is stored on a ROM chip because ROM retains information even when no power is being supplied to the computer.

Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Random Access Memory (CMOS RAM)

A CMOS battery.
A CMOS battery.

Motherboards also include a small separate block of memory made from CMOS RAM chips which is kept alive by a battery (known as a CMOS battery) even when the PC’s power is off. This prevents reconfiguration when the PC is powered on.

CMOS devices require very little power to operate.

The CMOS RAM is used to store basic Information about the PC’s configuration for instance:-

  • Floppy disk and hard disk drive types
  • Information about CPU
  • RAM size
  • Date and time
  • Serial and parallel port information
  • Plug and Play information
  • Power Saving settings

Other Important data kept in CMOS memory is the time and date, which is updated by a Real Time Clock (RTC).

Cache Memory

L2 cache on an old motherboard.
L2 cache on an old motherboard.

Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory (RAM) that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the (relatively slow) main memory and passing it to the processor on demand.

Most CPUs have an internal cache memory (built into the processor) which is referred to as Level 1 or primary cache memory. This can be supplemented by external cache memory fitted on the motherboard. This is the Level 2 or secondary cache.

In modern computers, Levels 1 and 2 cache memory are built into the processor die. If a third cache is implemented outside the die, it is referred to as the Level 3 (L3) cache.

Expansion Bus

PCI slots.
PCI slots.

An expansion bus is an input/output pathway from the CPU to peripheral devices and it is typically made up of a series of slots on the motherboard. Expansion boards (cards) plug into the bus. PCI is the most common expansion bus in a PC and other hardware platforms. Buses carry signals such as data, memory addresses, power, and control signals from component to component. Other types of buses include ISA and EISA.

Expansion buses enhance the PCs capabilities by allowing users to add missing features in their computers by slotting adapter cards into expansion slots.

Chipsets

A chipset is a group of small circuits that coordinate the flow of data to and from a PC's key components. These key components include the CPU itself, the main memory, the secondary cache, and any devices situated on the buses. A chipset also controls data flow to and from hard disks and other devices connected to the IDE channels.

A computer has got two main chipsets:

  • The NorthBridge (also called the memory controller) is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor. It is sometimes called the GMCH, for Graphic and Memory Controller Hub.
  • The SouthBridge (also called the input/output controller or expansion controller) handles communications between slower peripheral devices. It is also called the ICH (I/O Controller Hub). The term "bridge" is generally used to designate a component which connects two buses.

Chipset manufacturers include SIS, VIA, ALI, and OPTI.

CPU Clock

The CPU clock synchronizes the operation of all parts of the PC and provides the basic timing signal for the CPU. Using a quartz crystal, the CPU clock breathes life into the microprocessor by feeding it a constant flow of pulses.

For example, a 200 MHz CPU receives 200 million pulses per second from the clock. A 2 GHz CPU gets two billion pulses per second. Similarly, in any communications device a clock may be used to synchronize the data pulses between sender and receiver.

A "real-time clock," also called the "system clock," keeps track of the time of day and makes this data available to the software. A "time-sharing clock" interrupts the CPU at regular intervals and allows the operating system to divide its time between active users and/or applications.

Switches and Jumpers

  • DIP (Dual In-line Package) switches are small electronic switches found on the circuit board that can be turned on or off just like a normal switch. They are very small and so are usually flipped with a pointed object, such as the tip of a screwdriver, a bent paper clip, or a pen top. Take care when cleaning near DIP switches, as some solvents may destroy them. Dip switches are obsolete and you will not find them in modern systems.
  • Jumper pins are small protruding pins on the motherboard. A jumper cap or bridge is used to connect or short a pair of jumper pins. When the bridge is connected to any two pins, via a shorting link, it completes the circuit and a certain configuration has been achieved.
  • Jumper caps are metal bridges that close an electrical circuit. Typically, a jumper consists of a plastic plug that fits over a pair of protruding pins. Jumpers are sometimes used to configure expansion boards. By placing a jumper plug over a different set of pins, you can change a board's parameters.

NOTE: You can check the jumper pins and jumper cap at the back of an IDE hard disk and a CD/DVD ROM/Writer.

Parts of a Motherboard

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© 2011 Patrick Kamau

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Comments 480 comments

Emmanuel 10 days ago

Thanks, may God give you More Grace, found this piece useful


gorg 12 days ago

were now copying the atstements. this is awesome


dhoni 2 weeks ago

bakvas site isme toda aur data dalo salo


Num Chucks 2 weeks ago

its nice bro .. good job


William 3 weeks ago

Hello


Hitlar 3 weeks ago

Thank you for this


PRANJAL SAIKIA 5 weeks ago

NICE ...AND ITS VERY IMPORTANTS . GIVE ME SOME UPGRADE MOTHERBOARD PARTS AND HOW IS WORK IT? PLEASE


CARMINA 6 weeks ago

ITS NICE AND ITS LEARN A LOT TO US


melc ky 6 weeks ago

thanks for putting this


eli 7 weeks ago

hello


mercy ruto 2 months ago

Thanks a lot for sharing that much with us its beneficial to me.keep on sharing knowledge with IT guys.


@Christian 2 months ago

This video is amazing now I can show this to my teacher she will give me A+ thanks Patrick :).


disa dj 2 months ago

Kollallo ith enthutaaa saadhanam


albin albusswhite 2 months ago

ith polich muthe numma undh kode ijj polikk kalakki aswm


gokul 2 months ago

polichu muthe


rex ryan balaquinto 2 months ago

its so nice that i learn about the parts and function of motherboard


ABHISHEK 2 months ago

Ente dias ninakonm vere paniyille.


joseph nicholas 2 months ago

sir? i have a doubt mother board ath actually nthu8tta sadanam chandel kitto ath enikik 2 kg ve


ABHISHEK 2 months ago

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Edappaly Freak Navin Kuriakose 2 months ago

Onn poyeda ee kop padichondu poyit njan thootuu my...


ABHISHEK 2 months ago

enthuaday ithu


Edapally freak Navin kuriakose 2 months ago

myy... ith padichond Poyit njan thottada poo...


Dias Valooran 2 months ago

ninake computer nthanane ariyoda


Amal k j 2 months ago

this is wonderfull note i like it

ennokke parayanamennundh PAKSHe ihenthutt myraadaa


Amal k j 2 months ago

this is wonderfull note i like it

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Dias valooran 2 months ago

ninake computer nthanane ariyoda


gopika 2 months ago

its simple humble and dumble


AKSHAY 2 months ago

THANK U SIR

IT IS GREAT TO HAVE THIS INFORMATION

THANK U SO MUCH SIR

po


akshay 2 months ago

than podo oro mathri varupikala


Diana 2 months ago

Nice information ... totally got the point

Thank You


kkl 2 months ago

great help for me ..thank you


BELLA BENIQUEZ 2 months ago

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kristen.21 2 months ago

itx really helpful.


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Patkay 3 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You can scan your external hard drive with a good antivirus program. Make sure that the antivirus is up to date so that it can be able to detect all the viruses.


Garth Schroeder 3 months ago

how can i safely remove a virus from my external hardrive without deleting my files


rahul R 4 months ago

this articles was amazing!!!!!

thank you


JAMES 4 months ago

Thanks so much for your detailed information!!!!!It has helped me so much as an I.C.T. student.....


rock rakesh 4 months ago

this part is very important


ELsa 4 months ago

i got lots of help from here..!!thank you.!


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Patkay 5 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Well, well, I am moved by your response Linda and thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that you were able to grasp something about motherboards. Well I have to admit that I know 'something little' about computers and I have learnt that the best way to explain about computer and the jargon used is to make use of simple language. Thanks again and nice meeting you too.


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Linda Robinson60 5 months ago from Cicero, New York

Wow Patrick what a tremendous hub, I really enjoyed it and have always wondered about this and you made what can be a rather dry technology information actually quite interesting, so much detail, easy to understand, super job. Fantastic writing, So nice meeting you Patrick, gee seems like you have a world of knowledge in this area. I look forward to reading many more of your hubs, And happy to be following you. Linda


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Patkay 10 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I am glad @anjali that this article helped you, thanks for the feedback.


anjali 10 months ago

Thankyou very much....this article helped me a lot


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Patkay 11 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@satollealry Thanks a lot for the visit and I am glad you enjoyed the contents here.


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Patkay 11 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@Albaab Shaikh thanks for the visit and keep reading through my hubs and you will learn a lot. All the best in your class work.


Albaab Shaikh 12 months ago

Thank you for this information

I am a 9th grade student and i wanted to know more about pc

Thanks for it


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Patkay 13 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome @RAJ HCL and thanks for the visit and comment.


RAJ HCL 14 months ago

thanks sir


satollealry 14 months ago

I think this is interesting and do not see posted often. This is great information.


sruthi 15 months ago

thank you patrick ............... good job...........


HARPREET 16 months ago

NYC ONE


abdiwahab 16 months ago

i would like to appreciate those provide this information clearly


Jaquihaca, Princess Diane A. 16 months ago

Thanks for the info.. such a big help to us, students.


tncnv 16 months ago

thank you for these infos XD


melchizedek 17 months ago

what is tjhe advantage and advage if you are graduate in chs


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Patkay 17 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I will try to improve on that but you should have specified what you wanted exactly @ Shin


Shin 17 months ago

It doesn't have a complete info..still lacking some..


kyrosh 17 months ago

awesome..


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Patkay 18 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks @ashy you are welcome


@ashy 18 months ago

nice....


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Patkay 21 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@hdmiguru, I am glad you liked the contents of this hub. Thanks a lot for the visit.


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Patkay 21 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I am glad emmalex you did get something useful from this site, feel free to check for more.


emmalex 21 months ago

I have to confess,this site is truly helpful


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hdmiguru 22 months ago from Germany

Wow - very technical but explained with love! Great hub!


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Patkay 22 months ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I have to agree with you TTGReviews that it is good to know how these individual parts work. Thanks for the visit and comment.


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TTGReviews 22 months ago

This is very helpful for me. Since I build computers, it is good to know how each of the devices work.


PATRICIA ANNE 22 months ago

NO COMMENT


piolo P. 23 months ago

nice one ;)


NYPHA LUMABAD 23 months ago

Im iT student . so that very USEFUL for me . thanks Patkay


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks TTGReviews I will check on that.


TTGReviews profile image

TTGReviews 2 years ago

Nice explanation overall. It would be nice if you updated some of the socket information


merfred cabusas 2 years ago

this is a nice page for student to search parts of computer


miko 2 years ago

nice tutorial for parts of motherboard very helpful to me...thanks....


Lemreh 2 years ago

Thanks for this site it helps a lot... :D


chelson 2 years ago

hi sir, this is a good information.

amazing! now i know..


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@AS9922 you are much welcome, thanks for the visit.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks @Dominic Goss I am glad you have learnt something new.


Dominic Goss 2 years ago

This hub is excellent. I always thought BIOS and CMOS were the same thing.


AS9922 2 years ago

FINE, LETS DO MORE, THANKS, KEEP IT UP.


swapnil 2 years ago

nice inf.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome @ammu


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@nathalia27 thanks for the feedback, I am glad you learnt something here.


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nathalia27 2 years ago

I learned many things about mother board. Very useful hub. Thanks!


ammu 2 years ago

thanks


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ritz you are much welcome.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Glad you liked it @Goldleafs thanks.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks @malik deenar


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome @mark zerisawa


mark zerisawa 2 years ago

thank you man.. i owe you!!


malik deenar 2 years ago

Very nice description


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Goldleafs 2 years ago

It is very good hub on the base on pc.


ritz 2 years ago

it ws vry helpful..

thanks a lot..:)


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you @MARICRIS REMO for appreciating my work.


MARICRIS REMO 2 years ago

ITS VERY HELRFUL


Patkay profile image

Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

LOL AKASH DEEP i do not make but teach about computer parts. Thanks for the visit.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are much welcome PrincessYue


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks steward candole I am glad you learnt something here.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome jenas maeron


jenas maeron 2 years ago

thank you this helps a lot


steward candole 2 years ago

thanks patkay i lernd more to the parts of the mother board...


PrincessYue 2 years ago

Thanks Patkay. You really help me in my assignment.


AKASH DEEP 2 years ago

YOU ARE SO LUCKY BECAUSE U HAVE A CHANCE FOR MAKING PARTS OF COMPUTER


Patkay profile image

Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@d.k. I am glad you learnt something here.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@Josh thanks a lot for reading and commenting.


Josh 2 years ago

hello

I'm a student in Computer Engineering and get interest on this page cause it was very helpful and hope get knowing more with time.thx


d.k. 2 years ago

thak you, its very helpful to understand the parts of motherboard


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@mathias korir you are welcome, glad you liked it.


mathias korir 2 years ago

I like this because this is my dream to come to deal with computers.

It helps me a lot. Thanks for this program.


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I am glad Siti Aisyah to hear you learnt something. Thanks for the response.


Siti Aisyah 2 years ago

this is a very good explanation about the component of motherboard...it was easier 4 me to understand it,,,thnk u,,,


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Patkay 2 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Well thanks for the visit. I have got a simple explanation for now: "Reballing involves dismantling, heating the chip until it can be removed from the board, typically with a hot-air gun and vacuum pickup tool, removing the device, removing solder remaining on the device and board, putting new solder balls in place, replacing the original device if there was a poor connection, or using a new one, and heating the device or board to solder it in place."


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grand old lady 2 years ago from Philippines

I had been curious about the motherboard ever since I read somewhere that you can put it in the oven if it's broken and it will work again. There are two terms used in repairing a motherboad -- rebolling and heating. Would you know the difference between the two?

Thank you for this 101 on the motherboard, so that even a beginner can understand it. The pictures are also very helpful as well as the video. Voted up.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

jeffzkie, you liked it?


jeffzkie 3 years ago

thats incredible !!!!!!!!!!!!!


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

adrian thanks for the visit, I am glad you liked the hub.


adrian 3 years ago

good now I know


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks AMBROSE MAINA for approving my work. I am glad you have liked this tutorial.


AMBROSE MAINA 3 years ago

Nice job Patkay


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks John , I will try to the different parts individually to make it clear. Thanks for reading and commenting.


John 3 years ago

i love your explanations on this topic but one thing left is that on motherboard, is it every part that has a function and i need a diagram for it to be more clearer to me


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome kwame christopher. I am glad you want to know much about computers. It is a very interesting field of study. And again you are guaranteed to get something to do once you gain the necessary skills. Wishing you all the best in your endeavors.


kwame christopher 3 years ago

good day and i hope you doing great for me teacher.......well am a new student and i want to learn more here and i will need you the most please my e-mail is kekukwme@yahoo.com i want to be a master of it some day just like you and teach others coming.....you r best......tech...


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

apollo, I am glad you have liked it. Thanks for reading and commenting.


apollo 3 years ago

thanks


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome Sulli Choi, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad that you found important information here. Thanks for your visit.


Sulli Choi 3 years ago

I got a lot of information in here......


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Aditi, you are welcome to read more of my works. I am glad that you liked the tutorials. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Aditi 3 years ago

I got a lot of help from the page


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Yes shaira, there is a great difference between because the microprocessor is the brain of the computer. Its main work is to fetch, decode, and execute program instructions. Looking at the memory, it holds programs and instructions that are in use by the computer. So memory acts as a temporary working place for the computer. Thanks, hope this helps.


shaira 3 years ago

the difference between microprocessor and memory module


Patkay profile image

Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks instik, yes I have some more information related to computers. If you browse through my other hubs, you might find exactly what you are looking for. I am glad you liked the tutorials.


instik 3 years ago

very useful info i get ..thank you sir...do you have more info in the motherboard sir can i see it... *_*


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome paul, glad you found some time to read and leave a reply. Thank you so much.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

receivetipstricks, IDE is not the same as network card. IDE means Integrated Drive Electronics which is actually a type of interface developed in early days for connecting hard disk drives to the computer. A new interface called EIDE cama up later to replace the IDE. Nowadays, we are using the SATA interface for connecting drives to computers. On the other hand, a network card is the interface that helps you to connect to the internet. It is where you connect the Ethernet cable.


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receivetipstricks 3 years ago from Jaipur,India

What is IDE is it same as network card.. ?


paul 3 years ago

tnxs pat..this help me to study


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

njeri, thanks for your visit and comment. I am glad you liked it.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks cj for reading and appreciating my work. I am glad you liked it.


cj 3 years ago

wonderful


njeri 3 years ago

good work


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome Guta Neme, I am glad that the note were useful to you. Thanks for giving a feed back, tell your friends about the notes and help spread the word.


Guta Neme 3 years ago

I'm happy with those suspensive note and thanks for putting here!


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

alexcel lavide, I am very sure this will help as there are numerous components listed and explained. Thanks for visiting and commenting.


alexcel lavide from the philipines 3 years ago

i am looking to assemble of a computer and i think this might come in


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

topstar43 you are welcome, I am glad you liked the tutorials. Read through the others and you will get more notes and help.


topstar43 3 years ago

Thank you for your kind understanding in providing our research in just a simple way -datas provider.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks aloe for reading and commenting. I am happy that you found something useful from this hub. hope you will check the others too.


aloe 3 years ago

thank you 4 this one


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you sabel, glad you liked the information supplied here. Keep checking the others.


sabel 3 years ago

it's a very good idea :))


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Azuma kazuma, I am glad you fell in love with this site, there is a lot for you to learn from it. Thanks.


Azuma kazuma 3 years ago

tnx patkay I love this site


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Abhigyan Shrivastava, for your suggestion. I will look at it and see.


Abhigyan Shrivastava 3 years ago

Charming post....... But it could have been excellent if you could have added an image like :-

http://studynotes.net/images/motherboard_layout.jp...

But after all........ it's fine


Patkay profile image

Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Rajesh you are welcome, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad that you liked the article about motherboards parts.


Rajesh 3 years ago

Nice and Thank you


Patkay profile image

Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you Brit-Brat (DgS) for commenting. I am glad you find help from this page. Keep reading and checking the others.


Brit-Brat (DgS) 3 years ago

I love this site it really helps me in all of my assignments. Thanks, very helpful


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome chandu. I am glad you found something useful.


chandu 3 years ago

thank u sir


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

tams, you are welcome. I hope you will continue reading more of my work to gain more. Thanks.


tams 3 years ago

thmkx a lot man... i studied 2 topic of urs... it gave me ideas thn i already knw :)


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

mtroutson, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked the article and I am sure it has boosted you in one way or the other, helping you to know more about computers.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Cliquer, you are welcome to read more of my works. Thanks for the support.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks dkmayo, I am glad you liked the tutorial. Thanks for reading and commenting.


dkmayo 3 years ago

You tied everything together nicely, from the motherboard to the jumpers. It will make great reference material.


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Cliquer 3 years ago

I am impressed! I am taking it mobile!!!


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mtroutson 3 years ago

Hey Patkay, this was a really great help. I'm just starting to learn about computer science and this article helped to fill in a couple of the gaps I had. Many Thanks! Voting you up, useful and interesting!


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Wow thanks Coffeeatdawn for appreciating my work. If you can be able to get an old computer, you can be able to learn more about these motherboard parts. Thanks for reading and commenting.


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Coffeeatdawn 3 years ago from Philippines

This is insightful! I know have a grasp of what is inside my pc. I bought a new desktop and everything that the technician was telling me blew me away...all those technical terms. Thank you for presenting it in layman's term :)


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

punitha, thanks, I am glad you found what you wanted. Thank you for reading and commenting.


punitha 3 years ago

hi patkay.. thank u so much.. i like this site.coz,wat i want,i got from this site.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks sony for reading and commenting. I have to agree with you that this is a very good stuff especially for those with an interest with computers.


sony 3 years ago

good stuff


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

shaina marino, you are welcome to read more of my works.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Harendra, check from my tutorials and you will find what you want.


Harendra 3 years ago

I want to learn about computer memory basics and management


shaina marino 3 years ago

how sweet..


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Syed - The NorthBridge (also called the memory controller) is in charge of controlling transfers between the processor and the RAM, which is why it is located physically near the processor. It is sometimes called the GMCH, for Graphic and Memory Controller Hub.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks for your approval, you will surely get more.


syed 3 years ago

what is the function of north bridge


patrick 3 years ago

this is a good job more gress to ur elbow we want more of d chips tank.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

sure prakash pal, which section would you like to know more about?


prakash pal 3 years ago

can you give on hardware note..........


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

monika yadav, you are welcome and tell your friends about this site so that they can benefit from it too. Thanks and enjoy your learning.


monika yadav 3 years ago

thank you for helping me in my assingment


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are much welcome olatunbosun. I am glad you liked the hub.


olatunbosun 3 years ago

Thank you very much


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

vaishnavi you are welcome, glad that I am helping people learn more about computers.


vaishnavi 3 years ago

i have been searching for this ,thank you very much.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

shicka, thanks for reading and commenting. I am glad that you found the article useful.


shicka 3 years ago

nice article about mother board, i will get this article for my homework . thanks :)


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome enzo. I am glad you found this tutorial useful. Thank you for the visit and comment.


enzo 3 years ago

i have my assignment. thanks for PATKAY :)))


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

It is okay mamu, as a writer I usually get used to it. But on the other hand, don't get bored in a lecture room, always have a notebook and pen at hand and then keep jotting down useful points that come your way and eventually you will become like me ...


mamu 3 years ago

sorry for irritatin u.......actly v were bored in d lectures....but really good stuff..!!


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

santa unfortunately not. Thanks for the visit.


santa 3 years ago

can u give notes on c programming?????????????????


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Teshome, I am am glad that you liked this tutorial. Thanks for your appreciation. Keep on checking more tutorials about computers.


Teshome 3 years ago

I want to really apperciate your nice way of persantaion particularly with coulor figure May my extrme thank to you


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

i love justin bieber, I am glad you had some good help from my works. Thanks for reading and commenting. Wishing you the best.


i love justin bieber 3 years ago

thankyou this helped a lot


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Why mamu should your hands be in pain.....?


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

anjaan, these are online names.


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks a lot santa, I am glad you like my stuff. Keeep checking the others.


santa 3 years ago

quite good stuff


anjaan 3 years ago

what name patkay & cuttler.....lol


mamu 3 years ago

our hands started paining writing your stuff........................


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Patkay 3 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Yes I agree cuttler, here you will get an in depth knowledge about how different parts of a computer operate and their importance.


cuttler profile image

cuttler 3 years ago from HubPages

Good stuff...I am looking to assemble a comp and I think this might come in handy.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome jedz borja. Thanks for reading and commenting. I am happy that these tutorials helped you a lot. May I take this opportunity to wish the best in your exams. I will add images for solid state drives. Thanks and keep reading.


jedz borja 4 years ago

hello Patkay i really like your site i learn so many things about motherboard..i have an exam this week about the parts of motherboard and also a storage device such as hdd and ssd...I hope you have an images of a solid state drive(sdd) there parts...thank you and god bless...


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you khmohsin for reading and sharing. It is my wish to enlighten others and I am glad they are reading it and liking it. I am sure it has helped many. Thanks.


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khmohsin 4 years ago from London,UK

Patkay,

You have shared the awesome technology as well as hardware of the computer, that is changing day by day. Liked and shared with friends. Thumbs up


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you very much sayantan banerjee. I am glad you liked the article. I encourage you to read more of my work.


sayantan banerjee 4 years ago

you're awesome


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks soil for reading and commenting. I am glad you gained something from the tutorial.


soil 4 years ago

well i'll say i've understood queat a bit


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome MICHAELOPOKU. I am glad it was of help to you. Thank you for reading and commenting. Keep checking the others too.


MICHAELOPOKU466@YAHOO.COM 4 years ago

THANK YOU FOR GIVING ME THIS GUIDLINE


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

dwachira, thanks for your visit and your comment. I actually, this is my best hub so far, it gets most of the traffic. Yes it is true I get many comments from non hubbers from all over the world. I think thousands of people need to know about computers, especially upcoming Computer Engineering students. Thanks for the vote and share.


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dwachira 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya

Hi Patkay,

I have never read a hub here that has been commented by so many non-hubbers. Going through this article now i understand why. Great article that touches on a common topic that is always sought after especially by beginners Computer science students. You did a wonderful job here. Voted up, useful and shared.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Fred, for reading and commenting. Hoping you will keep on visiting and checking the others. I am glad you found it useful.


Fred 4 years ago

It was really very helpful.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

pranav joshi india, I am glad you found it useful, thanks for taking your time to comment.


pranav joshi india 4 years ago

i thanks cause it give me help in project of motherboard.thanksss

-pra


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Well thanks eloiza meh for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked my articles. Keep reading.


eloiza meh 4 years ago

wow! i learn it so much


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome nharis. Remember to keep on reading these helpful tutorials.


nharis 4 years ago

thanks ser


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

kavin, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad you liked it.


kavin 4 years ago

reallyy useful.....


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

mig, these are not all the components. There are others that I have not included here but might add later.


mig 4 years ago

is this all the parts?


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks maghuyop, for reading and commenting, glad you liked it.


maghuyop 4 years ago

its so great......................?


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks krishna tejwani for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.


krishna tejwani 4 years ago

great it is to good


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Wow. Thanks ella dwyn for reading and commenting. Glad you liked me and my work.


ella dwyn 4 years ago

i really like you hehhhe..


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome mEEEE. I am glad you liked the hub.


mEEEE 4 years ago

Hi thanks for the information..


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

TARIF HUSSAIN MEWAT, thanks for vising my hubs.


TARIF HUSSAIN MEWAT 8053052005 4 years ago

THANKS SIR READING FOR COMMENT


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I agree with you totally. This information is useful to many. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Mark, you are welcome to read more of my hubs. Thanks for the comment.


Mark 4 years ago

hey buddy thank for that information.,.,.,.


aaaaaaaaaa 4 years ago

thanks for this useful information


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Anil kumar, for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.


Anil kumar 4 years ago

I like this.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Ronel S. Galabin, I have have accepted your thanks and also agree the article is good for those who want to know about the motherboard components. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Ronel S. Galabin 4 years ago

This is useful. A big thanks to the author


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

joseph, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that people from home are enjoying reading my work. Thanks for the comment and your support.

Wishing you the best there at jkuat


joseph, jkuat 4 years ago

the best, simple to understand notes.....thank you


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

And a big thank you kyzier for reading and commenting. I am happy that you found it is useful.


kyzier 4 years ago

thank you for making this ' web,,,


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

manjeet and otep, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad you liked it.


manjeet 4 years ago

thanks


otep 4 years ago

thanks for the information..


jonathan 4 years ago

heha .. :)


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks SAN for reading and commenting. I am happy that you could be able to work on your assignment.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

anjan thanks for your visit. Glad the hub was useful.


SAN 4 years ago

This page is much helpful for easy understanding.it really helped for my short time assignment....


anjan 4 years ago

thanks for the information


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks gelenefrancisco for reading and commenting.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Itodo isaac, I am glad that you liked it. Check for more tutorials.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ carlo, don't worry that you lack the proper words to comment. Thanks for your visit.


Itodo isaac 4 years ago

This write up is too good and precise thanks man for putting this up


Itodo isaac 4 years ago

This write up is too good and precise thanks man for putting this up


gelenefrancisco@yahoo.com 4 years ago

thank u.....for posting it......


carlo 4 years ago

oooooooooohhhhhhhhhhh


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Atharva Chavan, I have to agree with you that the tutorial is good for everyone. Thanks for the visit and your comment.


Atharva Chavan 4 years ago

great info.. helpful for everyone :: from "noobs" to the "geeks" :)


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks bino for reading and commenting. Hope you will read the other tutorials too.


bino 4 years ago

Thanks


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks priya. Your reading and commenting is appreciated.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Rizzu, glad you got some help from this hub.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks too Keerthi for reading and commenting.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ vinz, thanks for taking your time to read. What do you mean by apg?


priya 4 years ago

simple n good....


Rizzu 4 years ago

thank u... its helpful....


Keerthi 4 years ago

Thanks.........................Good job..............


vinz 4 years ago

what about apg sir?


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

zander, thanks a lot for reading and commenting, glad that you learnt something new. That is the way to go. Keep reading my articles.


zander 4 years ago

hi patkay you are way to assmbleng pc or mobo and I see your videos and i learn to now assembling PC or CPU


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Well, lucky dhatwalia, what do I say? I am glad you found help in this article. Wishing you the best in your exams.


lucky dhatwalia 4 years ago

thanks dude ........this page is so helpful to me.my exams are held on ...and due to this knowledge i knows a lot of things about computer. thanks again buddy.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

ashley, thanks for reading and appreciating my work. I am happy that you found something useful. Keep checking my other works.


ashley 4 years ago

thank you very :D it helps a lot :D


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@prabhav, thanks for your comment. Your support is much needed.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Shamila Niroshanie, thanks for reading and commenting. Glad you found something useful.


prabhav 4 years ago

thanks for the information.......it was very use full.....


Shamila Niroshanie 4 years ago

this is a good job and i got more knowledge after reading this note. thank you so much


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks yudhisthir for reading and commenting. You will learn something new from my articles.


yudhisthir 4 years ago

I am reading.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

SWAPNIL , thanks for reading and commenting.


SWAPNIL 4 years ago

THISE INFORMATION IS BEETAR


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you wow. Your stopping by and commenting on this hub is much appreciated. I am smiling widely knowing that you have benefited from this hub.


wow 4 years ago

you have the right definitions


pire 4 years ago

great work you got there,thanks


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks sunil gupta, your comment and stopping by is appreciated.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Many thanks to you Tom for reading and commenting. Your encouragement is in order and accepted.


Tom 4 years ago

am a computer engineering student in kenya,this information has been very helpful and very powerful.thanks Patkay


sunil gupta 4 years ago

thank you sir this knowledge get


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Tonny Kirwa for reading and commenting. You have assured me that I am achieving my goal, 'to educate the marginalized people - those behind technology'. I wish you the best in your studies. Remember to check more up coming tutorials.


Tonny Kirwa 4 years ago

I'm a Kenyan Student and this information has assisted so much. Be blessed always and continue the good job!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ jassy and tafri, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I am glad that you benefited from my work.


tafri 4 years ago

thanks a lot dis is all i need for my forthcoming exams.


jassy 4 years ago

thanxs for the information it helped a lot


mother 4 years ago

board


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@phin. You are welcome. Thanks for reading and commenting.


phin 4 years ago

thank u


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks lilly for checking this hub. I am happy that you liked it.


lilly 4 years ago

it's a very knowledge page and heip in many way.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

G M S Rao, you are welcome. Glad you enjoyed reading.


G M S Rao 4 years ago

Thank sir


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Davis for reading and commenting. I am glad that you liked it.


Davis 4 years ago

Thanks for the detailed info,it has really helped me.Good work.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

enchong, thanks for reading and commenting.


enchong 4 years ago

thank you poe


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Nick for reading and commenting. You can check more of my work. I am glad that you liked it.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Mataz,zambia, thanks for reading and commenting. Your encouragement gives me the strength to continue my work of educating people.


Nick 4 years ago

Great work, i really enjoyed. Very resourceful information for all including academicians.

Thanks,

IT specialist, Kenya


Mataz,zambia 4 years ago

Doin a gret job kip it beyond the sky!!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Students Club, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Your congratulations are in order and I accept them. My aim is to help the newbies in the computer field, to make them learn more and be able to interact with it with lots of ease.

I am glad that you liked it.


Students Club 4 years ago

Wow!!!!!It's very exciting and good for students that take cost ICT......

Congratulations!!!!!!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks pooja for noting that, I have added a link for motherboard form factors above.


pooja 4 years ago

insufficent material. plz try to give more functions of motherboard


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Kiran, I want to help others know computer as I have done and even go beyond to higher levels. My concern is that there are a lot of people who don't know much or anything about computers. I want to bring them in the know.

Thanks for reading and commenting, glad you found it useful.


Kiran 4 years ago

who r u i don't know, but u r a great bcoz given good information thanks bro.....


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Tesfaye Dula thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Glad you liked it.


Tesfaye Dula 4 years ago

good


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks ishaan for reading and commenting. I am glad this helped you.


ishaan 4 years ago

Wow,thanks a million pat?you've helped me a lot n i was so glad visiting your site,it was jst what i was lookin 4,Brilliant n thanks again


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

silvia, you are most welcome. Thanks for reading and commenting.


silvia 4 years ago

thanx Patkay.this has really assisted me.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks ABHIJITH, for reading and commenting. Glad you could get something out of it.


ABHIJITH 4 years ago

This article was very helpful indeed.....

Thanks for creating this..


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

AMBROSE, thanks for reading and commenting. For other types of motherboards you can try to google and see if you will get one that you want.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Sala for reading and commenting. My work is here to help people like you.


AMBROSE 4 years ago

thanks for this useful article keep the good work. but is there a complete circuit diagram for the motherboard?


Sala 4 years ago

Thank You so...much Patkay for all the notes it was very helpful in my assignments and revison for my examination,you are truly the best!!! Love your web page by the way....!!!!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Hi to you holen.


holen 4 years ago

hi to anyone


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks TINA for reading and commenting.


TINA 4 years ago

GOOD ONE!!!!!1


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

newatthis, thanks too for checking my and commenting. I am glad that you found them useful.


newatthis 4 years ago

thank you so much for the information. you have been a great help!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

From UG, thanks kikonyogo peter for reading and commenting. I am wishing you all the best.


kikonyogo peter 4 years ago

hi dear,it`s grt wrk 4sure i am 2pass my which is yet to take place kikonyogo peter uganda


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks udzayi k, for reading and commenting. I appreciate your stopping by.


udzayi k 4 years ago

BRAVO


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Nitin, thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment. Remember to also check my other works. Cheers.


Nitin 4 years ago

Nice and very educational


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Rokoratu (Fiji) for reading and commenting on my work. I am glad that I could be of help to you. All the best in what you do.


Rokoratu (Fiji) 4 years ago

Thax that was a very big help in my assignments...


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ isa baba, I am grateful to know that my site has given something important. Thanks for reading & commenting and remember to keep on checking my other works.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks a lot SAJDA for supporting my work by reading and commenting. I will keep on producing the best materials for people with an interest like you.


isa baba 4 years ago

i learned a lot on this article tnx for the encourable peaople like u, we will be on touch all the tyme as long as ur site existing. Tnx alot


SAJDA 4 years ago

HI PATKAY.UR TUTORIALS R DA BEST... THANX A lot...


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you too mwendwa peter for visiting my hubs and commenting.


mwendwa peter 4 years ago

Thanks a lot, i have benefited from your work.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

samuel adjei thank you a lot for your encouraging words and your prayer. It is a real encouragement to me especially on a morning like today. God bless you too.


samuel adjei 4 years ago

i like this keep bringing more on this

God bless u and give more grace to do this


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Rycos Choten, thank you for taking time to comment on my work. Remember to check my other tutorials.


Rycos Choten 4 years ago

Thanks, This tutorial very helpful..


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome Senthil. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Senthil 4 years ago

Thanku


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks sravanthi, my wish is to share the knowledge that I have so that others can benefit. Thanks for reading and commenting.


sravanthi 4 years ago

It is that glad we could understand


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Reynaldo for reading and commenting, you can check more of my work on my profile.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks anonymus for reading and commenting. These tutorials are very important for those who don't know about computers.


Reynaldo 4 years ago

Mr paktay you right it's more fun in the phillippines.


anonymus 4 years ago

what a nice reference !!!!!

hahah !!!! it's more fun in the .......PHIL...


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@simpy, thanks a lot for reading and commenting.I am glad these posts are helping people.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks subhas bania, you are welcome to read more of my work.


simpy 4 years ago

it`s very helpfull......

thanx for these type of posts..... :)


subhas bania 4 years ago

Patkay u r execent tutor....


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

That is true RGB1961, I have to update some of my hubs because technology keeps on changing. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ nwisabari bani bright, I am glad that you have learnt something from this hub. Thanks for reading and commenting.


RGB1961 profile image

RGB1961 4 years ago from United Kingdom

Hi Patkay,

this is a good article and gives a basic insight into the workings of a computer. However you might need to do an updated one since newer mobos and components have come out.

Thanks for sharing.


nwisabari bani bright 4 years ago

i have enlightened by your information.i give you credit.Greece to your relentless effort.i wish to learn more from you.thanks.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks monika, imagine what, I wanted to write about abbreviations but then assumed that people are okay with the abbreviations. I am working on them ASAP (As Soon As Possible). So keep checking back.


monika 4 years ago

thanks for giving me this useul information,

if you give abbrevations also it would be

very nice.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks Judy for reading and commenting, I have a lot of computer knowledge to pass to anyone who wants it. Success comes only after hard work.


judy 4 years ago

good information i will make use of you since you are near me.thaxz ooh


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks rafiiii, for reading and commenting. Keep reading my other works.


rafiiii 4 years ago

fantastic yar


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ G.NAGENDRA, thanks for reading and commenting. I am passing on to others what I have learnt. I also want you to benefit.


G.NAGENDRA 4 years ago

IT WAS REALLY VERY USEFUL


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks a lot Tarnzuul Godwin for your comment. Remember to check my other hubs for more information.


Tarnzuul Godwin 4 years ago

Thanks for the tips, it's lots of help to me


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks too ammy for going through the hub and commenting. I will keep on providing more information to those who want to change their lives in terms of computer knowledge.


ammy 4 years ago

thanks patkay... thanks a lot ,,,for providing such wonderful information for learners....


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome Adeyanju Segun. I like giving people information about computers. Remember to check my other hubs for more tutorials.


Adeyanju Segun 4 years ago

Indeed, d info has helped me solve my problems. I say a big txns 2 u!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

This is great joshua. I am glad you were able to learn something important from this hub.Remember to check the others too. Thanks a lot.


joshua 4 years ago

I am 11 years old i am researching for my report it really help me out thank you....=)


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks amir farisy for reading and commenting. Now for Dreamweaver,I am also a novice but I intend to learn more about it by the end of this year. If you are wondering how I have prepared this hub and others, then the answers is we use templates which can be used even by novices.

You can try to Google for Dreamweaver resource materials. Thanks again.


amir farisy 4 years ago

thank you a lot.can i know how to use dreamweaver?


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

You are welcome Adeyanju Segun. It is good to make sure everyone knows about computers.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

I totally agree with you Ogotiben. It is good to learn from different sources. Thanks for reading and commenting.


Adeyanju Segun 4 years ago

Tnx u so much 4 impacting dis knownledge of computer 2 evry novist.


Ogotiben. 4 years ago

This is ta best way we can lean from various lecturers.keep it up en about computer nowadays is life.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Carlo Buntag thanks for reading. I have a dream to keep on pushing this good work. Your prayers and support are much needed. My happiness is to see people learn about computers.


Carlo Buntag 4 years ago

This article was perfectly done. You are so great. Now I understand it more. I hope you will continue this effort, so that you can help more people who are struggling about the parts of computer.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Arunkumar,

@ sreejish, thanks guys for reading and commenting. It is always my happiness to give knowledge to others rather than keeping it to my self. Thanks again.


sreejish 4 years ago

thnks for information then mor knowldge in components , the peopele can reed after thn improove our wrks ,,thnks


Arunkumar 4 years ago

you are smart


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ ELIJAH, thanks for stopping by. I will continue with my work of educating people more about the computer.

@ RAJA HAMZA SAEED and anupriya, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. Keep on vising my hubs to access the latest hubs.


anupriya 4 years ago

cleared all my doubts about the configuration of c.p.u..helpful data


RAJA HAMZA SAEED 4 years ago

I read your notes and other suitable and fruitfull documentary on internet.I thank you for all these afferts and i hope that you will carry on your struggle to convay your knowldge to human being.


ELIJAH 4 years ago

I sincerely appreciate what u doing in keeping us abreast of the computer, please continue with ur good work.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ vino, what can I say? I am humbled by the support you are offering. Thanks for dropping by and commenting.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ aschalew akalu, in the IT field, always expect the unexpected. Remember to check my other tutorials too, you might find something useful.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ AMAR SOLANKI, thanks for your comment, I am working on more tutorials that will also cover troubleshooting. So be on the look out.


vino 4 years ago

so sweet of u.... its very useful for me....


aschalew akalu 4 years ago

they are not short and clear


AMAR SOLANKI 4 years ago

IT IS VERY GOOD TUTORIAL FOR THE NOVICES LIKE ME. IT GAVE ME ALL THE BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT MOTHERBOARD. THANKS FOR SUCH A GREAT TUTORIAL. CAN YOU PROVIDE TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION OF MOTHERBOARD. ALL THE BEST......


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ GRAYMAN, thanks, we have to keep on learning every now and then. Your comment and visits to my articles are encouragements to me.


GRAYMAN 4 years ago

THANK YOU FOR EVERYTHING THAT WE KNOW..


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks sandeep for reading. My hubs will help you very much the reason being I am also a teacher and I like giving the best to my students. I wish you success!


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@sudheer kumar k thanks too for going through this hub and commenting.


sandeep 4 years ago

i really appriciate ur knowledge I got a lot from it nd get gud remarks from my teacher 4 this


sudheer kumar k 4 years ago

thak u very much


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ priya,

@ shifali

@ shaffy. Thanks guys for stopping by. I appreciate your comments. I will always strive to give you more information about computers.


shaffy 4 years ago

nice.. nd well written.... thnx for providing mee knowledge.........:)


shifali 4 years ago

nice page thanx a lot for info


priya 4 years ago

u r very sweet


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks prashant bisht for reading and commenting. You can check on more of my articles.


prashant bisht 4 years ago

it is really nice.thanks for understand a component of motherboard.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Hi ben isaboke, thanks for dropping by and commenting.Your support is much needed.


ben isaboke 4 years ago

keep it up men well done


Patkay profile image

Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ InduswebiTech, thanks, I will try and add some pictures for the north and south bridge.

@ Arun, You are not supposed to forget your passwords, but since it has happened, use the CMOS jumpers to reset the password.

@ jhorix. Thanks a lot.


jhorix 4 years ago

tnx...for the information...ive learned a lot u help me in my assestment


Arun 4 years ago

If i forgot my system password how can i restore the password or get into system


InduswebiTech profile image

InduswebiTech 4 years ago from Rama Road, Kirti Nagar, New Delhi, India

great but what about north and south bridge


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks guys, am glad that you popped in. There is more coming so stay tunned.


SAIF 4 years ago

THESE INFORMATIONS ARE VERY USEABLE FOR A STUDIENT


ckindy 4 years ago

hai tnx nka research na jud ko


ckindy 4 years ago

hai tnx nka research na jud ko


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@miles AND @ jeya, thanks a lot for visiting my page.


jeya 4 years ago

It's very useful 2 improve our knowledge.v can select PC of our own.


miles 4 years ago

like it.


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ vash_06, thanks for your comment. I hope to keep up with the good work.


vash_06 4 years ago

its good to many people,,thank you:)


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Patkay 4 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

sivakuma, you are welcome. You can check more of my works to learn more. Thanks for dropping by and commenting.


sivakumar 4 years ago

Thank u so much!!!


ravi2012 profile image

ravi2012 5 years ago from India

thnk you sir.... :)


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Hi ravi2012, you need to change the CMOS battery - that coin sized battery on your PC because it is the one that powers the CMOS RAM. The CMOS RAM is where date and time is stored and since it is a RAM (holds data as long as there is power), it has to be powered so that it doesn't loose it's contents.

Thanks for your question.


ravi2012 profile image

ravi2012 5 years ago from India

hey in my computer, date n time not save after shut down..

what can i do for it....?


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Daniel, I always like to give the best whenever I can. Then I also want other people to benefit as I have done. Thanks for your time and comment.


Daniel 5 years ago

A very teaching page. for school i have to write a paper on motherboards. This will help me a lot thank you and you wrote it very well.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ denx, you are welcome to read more of my hubs. Thanks for taking your time to read and comment.


Patkay profile image

Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks a lot andy, university of Ghana, for reading and asking a question. If you want to see more buses, please check on my other hub called "Computer Bus Architecture", or you can use this link for quick access, https://turbofuture.com/computers/buses

Check the other hubs too and you will find important tips about computers. Wishing you the best.


denx 5 years ago

tnx for the info!


andy, university of Ghana 5 years ago

fantastic work but what are the differences between the control, address and data buses?


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ pascal roosevelt, thanks a lot for reading and commenting. I will surely add more notes so that people can benefit from them.


pascal roosevelt 5 years ago

oh that is good for us and we learn more i was just advice to ya dat epand more notes


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ susan you are welcome to read more of my work.


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

"a simple and perfect explanation even for the beginers..." Thanks a lot mrudula for the compliment.


susan 5 years ago

it is too good


mrudula 5 years ago

a simple and perfect explanation even for the beginers also....i have learnt a lot 4m this page thanx a lot patkay....


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Great, great glyciel, glad that you have gained something from this page. Thanks a lot for reading and commenting.


glyciel 5 years ago

I've learn a lot from this page. . .


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Griffith, thanks for reading and commenting. @ paul, thanks and you are welcome to read more of my work.


paul 5 years ago

nice detonation simple and to the point


Griffith 5 years ago

was almost forgetting the components mentioned above. thumbs up for the reminder.


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks a lot krishna, for reading and commenting, I am glad that you learnt something about major motherboard components.


krishna 5 years ago

i was satisfied by this topic


Patkay profile image

Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ Friday, you are welcome to our world. After a quick gooooogling I have realized that Ankpa kogi is in Nigeria. Thanks for reading and commenting.


friday 5 years ago

Am Friday from Ankpa in kogi state


Patkay profile image

Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thank you very much Praveen Praytan for reading and commenting. Read more of my work and you will enjoy it.


Praveen Praytan 5 years ago

it's a very knowledge page.


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@ SHADRACK OWUSU, for laptops you should check the nearest computer shop. You will be able to get the one you want.


SHADRACK OWUSU 5 years ago

I WANT A LAPTOP


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

Thanks matt. Keep reading these educative hubs.


matt 5 years ago

That's true because as we go higher the world evolve.


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Patkay 5 years ago from Nairobi, Kenya Author

@lucy patrick. Thanks for reading. We have to keep on learning in this changing world.


lucy patrick 5 years ago

Hi teacher you have reminded me those old good days. helpful

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