10 Steps to become an exceptional Animator Rembrandz Animation Articles - 3

Updated on March 7, 2018

This hub on "10 Steps to become a Great Animator" is a one stop-solution, filled with rich tips that if followed religiously is sure to make you a winner.

It is often a question to many when they watch animated movies, whether a Disney Classic or today's Toystory or Avatar, "how does one get to work for these movies? It looks like a dream job, working all day creating lovely things". Well they are right. The job of animation is a dream job which largely depends on the magic which the animator brings to the screen eventually making his/her dream come true to be in a dream job.

I am sure it is on most peoples mind "How does one become a great animator!?" Well then, read on....

1. Master the art of drawing :

Whether born with a natural talent to draw or not. Practice helps fine-tune your drawing skills fit for an animator. Practice drawing anatomy, plants, animals, learn dimensions, composition, perspective etc. Like you see my drawings below, when I was like that nerd I have illustrated here, dreaming a dream animation career. It was an exciting time studying about human forms, muscular structures in our body amd was like taking my science class to the next level. Only this time I enjoyed it because I knew my purpose of doing it finally than how I felt in elementary school like it was forced-upon us. Anyway it was all for the good. No regrets absolutely!

2. Be a spectator to the wonderful world around you :

An animator loves to dream.

Mind you people! When I say observe, I mean observe casually and not stare to annoy people so much so as to land a nice sharp slap on your cheeks. That would be annoying though it maybe a good scene to learn from by another aspiring animator who maybe watching your movements. ;o) (just kidding! but guess you get my point.)

So let yourself experience the day-dreaming routine where many a fantasy image is born by thinking of nothing with just the noise of the breeze.

Hangout out-doors, observe people, livings things, inanimate objects, gestures of people in public places like the restaurants, observe people exercising in the park, children playing, dogs running, observe peoples expressions, try to imagine what they are thinking or talking purely for artistic reasons.

Watch their movements and take an out-door sketch-tour just to practice your quick sketching skills.

The zoo is the most simplest and cost effective way to find your animal references. So at leisure you could take your time, study their movements, sketch from time to time and have a fabulous time while doing your research.

There is no better reference than our natural surroundings, the vegetable market, the malls, supermarket, a sports day event etc.

3. Refer and look at other great animators’ works and accomplishments :

There have been some fine animators in the traditional and computer animation category, from the early 1900s to today. Refer and follow their reviews closely to study from their best practices. Again evolve your own style.

There’s always pride in churning out original works than produce derivatives or copies of others works. Such acts even if done innocently because of lack of proper exposure to work ethics can be viewed criminal. It is not a “can” fact. It will be viewed criminal. Due to careless and unethical practices noted can ruin all the integrity you have built up for yourself forever. Today in the Internet age, one cannot erase the records of any wrong doing. So even if you repent, the copies of ones bad ethical practices can never be erased once registered online.

4. Have a Demoreel or Showcase of your work ready :

Whatever your specialisation or even an animator generalist needs something to show for. When you present your biography, animation is one field where just like a swimmer, your skills cannot be judged by your certificates. You have to show what you can do.

In the case of the field of animation, it is mandatory to have a montage or compilation on a disc so you could show your audience who are interested in hiring you or working with you.

You can get an idea of how I showcase my works in animation from time-to-time based on my specialization which sometimes is based on a majority requirement from a sub-sector of the market. It must be a way-of-life to make-over your reel at least 6-12 months to keep to the trends.

Kids Animation Demoreel

Motion Graphics/Broadcast Design Showreel

5. Networking :

As far as networking is concerned, showing up and participating at technical conferences related to animation is a very good idea. Mingle with the community, pass on your demo DVDs or business cards with your portfolio-URL there…or even load up your reels on your iPhone. You never know when somebody wants to look at your work. You must be ready for any situation. You could be another success story. What if it is Steven Spielberg who happens to sit beside you at your coffee table at one of the conferences!? Yes, it is possible for that kind of thing to happen in any of these conferences which I have named for your convenience. It happened to me several times when I was at Siggraph. A celebrity animator may just be at a book-sale joint and they could get into a conversation with you. This way I have met people who were TDs (Technical Directors) for movies like Titanic, Speed, the inventor of the famous module in 3D Studio Max called “Character Studio”. I remember my excitement then. It was a pleasure for me to pass on my Demo reel to him when he asked for it.

6. Master the techniques of Animation :

Master the technology behind the modern art of Computer Animation. Get to know by self-study or a course at a reputed training center to become an expert in all the software popular in the industry. There are millions of tutorials and forums on the subject on the Internet for absolutely free. So it is highly unlikely that you will get lost because wherever you turn you get learning resources very easy to come by.

7. Turn up in the right place at the right time :

Whenever I visited LA I was sure I could get many free treats. After 8 p.m. everyday Hollywood is filled with free lectures, evening-sessions, workshops on demo-reviews, storyboard pitch nights etc. etc. Whenever I was in NYC too I had the same experience….I could attend so many events for absolutely free…like the Tribecca Festivals where there are many animation shows where the animation community show up. There are meetup groups in animation covering almost every region in the world today. Lookup for one in your area and get involved. Such groups contribute to hiring quests, making friends in animation, enjoying animation interests and even perhaps to recommend you to top studios. Once I was at NYC a couple of times lucky to have been able to attend an event called “BYOA – Bring your own animation” where the Siggraph NYC professional chapter there organised for animation students, animators and veterans to come together in a pub…where all our demo reels got reviewed by even top players in the animation industry.

8. Do not focus on making money right at the beginning :

It takes a new animator 1-2 years to get the hang of the art. After which, the first five years are still a steep learning curve. So don't lose heart or get anxious about getting high remunerations during the first few laps of your animation career. It does take a lot of dedication, passion, team spirit, knowledge exchange and most of all consistency to make it to the higher ranks. Perseverance is key.

Just concentrate on mastering animation and everything required for you to become well-rounded (which includes a good amount of networking and getting to know the right/positive people in the industry) and the money and fame will automatically follow.

9. Learn the art of acting :

Become an actor to act out your own animation gestures for your animation. Walt Disney brought this tradition into the animation industry. He hired an acting teacher to learn animation so as to make him understand as to how he must teach animators to act in order to improve their animation skills. So as to captivate their audience while watching their animated movies.

This book here which I have suggested by Ed Hooks is a valuable resource you can own to learn this are from an animator's perspective as he is a veteran at teaching at large studios like Walt Disney Feature Animation, Pixar and travels to various parts of the world because of the popularity of his workshops.

10. The learning curve for animation never stops :

Never stop learning and teaching. Nobody is a 100% a master in animation because there is always something for an animator to learn. So nobody is greater than the other because creativity cannot be measured as a standard. Of course great outputs are the result of great opportunities for some.

Of course great outputs are the result of great opportunities for some. Some who maybe excellent animators may never have had the opportunity to work in top-norch studios. That does not mean that they are bad animators. It means that they have not got enough coverage to show off their magical works.

A good thing for any animator to get their skills out there is to take part in as much festivals as possible.

So learn, showcase your work and teach. Teaching makes you learn more from the spontaneous questions posed by your students. So your students become your teachers for the special clarifications they bring forward. For if they don’t ask some intelligent questions, you may never know that perspective you had failed to look at all your life just because there was no opportunity to explore it..

These are the sure steps that can take to leading a fulfilling life as an animator.

One more think I want to tell you before I let you go on your journey towards animation-dom. I slept over this hub-idea last night and woke up in the morning with this pre-planned picture layout in a golden platter just ready for me to use. How cool is that!? The point to this is to say that this is what animation does to we "animators", it keeps ideas bubbling even when we sleep and offers us the creative solution in the morning. I really don't know how it works in theory but it is true.

Now that you have what it takes, what are you waiting for? Pull out your weapons and go conquer the world of animation!

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Gladness Akinpelu 

      7 months ago

      woow!..what a nice write-up..I really enjoyed my stay reading here and I feel impressed..Thanks alot Buddy...

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      I am glad you think my tips are of help Rishi. You may keep this as your go-to reference guide along your way to a successful animation career. Best wishes!

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      It's wonderful...I've been searching for the best entry.....but u have given me ,not only an info but also it seems like held my hand till I reached it.....

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      5 years ago from Oklahoma

      Very helpful art tutorial.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      6 years ago from Dubai

      Hi Anjili

      Thank you for stopping by. Glad you enjoyed the read. Thank you for your suggestion. I have been thinking about a book but time is of the essence...having been caught up with regular work life.

    • Anjili profile image


      6 years ago from planet earth, a humanoid

      Very informative and rewarding for those of us who enjoy artistic designs, illustrations and animations. You should compile a book for deeper outreach.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      6 years ago from Dubai

      Hi WD

      Glad for your visit and good to know that you have seen inspiration in my articles.

      Once you have a passion in animation, while you learn the tech part will evolve with it. Make internet your friend to research and learn from other accomplished animators' works; I didn't quite understand your second question; Well animation has grown so much that you can find good schools in any part of the world. If you ask me, I did not take any formal animation education....In fact I did Math and business studies. But the passion drove me to focus on animation for a career and along the way I went to continuing ed classes in NYU etc just to keep me posted with the latest trends. Hope this answers your queries :o)

    • WD1901 profile image


      7 years ago

      This is such an inspiration, thanks for taking the time to write this up. Hello I am a sophomore in high school. I am certain that I am willing to put time into being part of the magic into making an animated film by becoming an animator. As a kid I grew up watching Disney productions, and have felt inspired and drawn into the process it took to produce such magical, brilliant, and creative pieces. I believe that I have good drawing skills, and with some work they can potentially become what they need to be in order to do what I want to do. I have watched bits and pieces of the process of movie making, but I have a few questions.:

      1. I know you have to have some drawing skill to be an animator, but what about the technical part?

      2. Is it easy to land a position were you are part of coming up with what the characters aquatically look like?

      3. Were do you consider a good school for animation/ movie making?

      Okay that may do it, for now that is, just playing. I do have so many questions thought, I think I am just intermediate by all the talented people out there.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      You are absolutely right Christine. It has taken me 18 years and yet I haven't stopped learning while teaching every student or with every software version upgrade or new ideas that just show up or every artist I meet or with every project or new teams I work with. The adventurous journey never ends and that's what keeps the excitement going.

      Good to see you here. Thanks for visiting!

    • Christine Andrews profile image

      Christine Andrews 

      8 years ago from Lancashire, UK

      Great hub! This is a life-time course, I think... and one can only get better with time if you stick to it :-)

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Thank you henderson0683

      Sure I will take a look at your anim. clip!!

    • henderson0683 profile image


      8 years ago

      Fantastic hub check my try out at animation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mrsszbgRJXM

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai


      My pleasure! Thanks for taking your time to have a read. Appreciate your comments!

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi kittjj

      You are welcome! Sure thing yes. If you need any assistance on how to start off don't hesitate to contact me. I started with a dream just like yours and today I am glad I stuck to that dream. :o) Thanks for Voting my hub Up too.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey there freelanceauthor

      Thank you for kind words. All the best on your drawing. Welcome to the world of animation. It's much easier once you have a passion driving you through. I see that you already have it with your drive to draw. All the best!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Thank you fantastic hub!

    • kittyjj profile image

      Ann Leung 

      8 years ago from San Jose, California

      So much to learn, so little time. Thank you so much for a great hub! Very informative with cool videos. You've inspired me to continue to pursue my dream. Voted up!

    • freelanceauthor profile image


      8 years ago

      Nice hub. It has been my dream to be an animator. I love to draw

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey there freecampingaussie and drspaniel

      Thank you I really appreciate seeing you here and your lovely comments! Oh you don't have to worry. If there is a tiny will one can indeed start drawing pretty well.

      Even if you think you can't manage to draw, I have a hub for you so you could still be a great animator without being able to draw even a straight line. Watch my space...perhaps I could publish it in a few weeks?

    • drspaniel profile image


      8 years ago from Somewhere, where the sun shines once a year...

      It's a shame that I can't draw, as after reading this Hub I bet I could get a high paying career!

    • freecampingaussie profile image


      8 years ago from Southern Spain

      Hi! A very informative hub, I can't even make a stick figure look good lol so I stick to writing ! Voted you up .

    • Andrea Rose profile image

      Andrea Rose 

      8 years ago

      Very good Hub

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi Sunnie Day

      I am humbled by your visit and comments. Thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      Sunnie Day 

      8 years ago

      Hi Remy,

      I stand amazed at your talent...so glad I stopped by to read about your wonderful work..Have a great week.


    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi there Mindy Meisel

      Thank you for your lovely feedback. I am glad to learn that reading my hub has inspired to better your goals. Good luck!

      Thank you so much b. Malin I surely will.

      That makes it so much easier when you have a team of artists and writer in the family. All the best!

    • b. Malin profile image

      b. Malin 

      8 years ago

      My sister is the "Artist" in our family, as was my Niece. I am not, I'm the writer. I enjoyed your Hub Rembrandz found it most Interesting and a Delight to read! I look forward to following your Hubs and hope you will honor me as well.

    • profile image

      Mindy Meisel 

      8 years ago

      This was a great reference article, as I am a new Hubber. I enjoyed reading your article and found the format super. I think you've touched on all of the key ingredients and have given me some very solid examples of what to strive to include in my future writing. Thanks you.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Thank you AmandaD

    • amandaD profile image


      8 years ago from Hull UK

      Nice article...well done!

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey BkCreative Thanks for coming by. Aah! That's sooo great to hear that. Congrats! Now guess you are on your way in the right path ... looks like you are half there already! I would love to see your cartoon strip in movement sometime when you are done.

    • BkCreative profile image


      8 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

      What a fabulous hub! And so timely. In the last few months I've been saying I just have to get animation done of my cartoon strip and all my ideas - thoughts I've been kicking around in my head for years.

      So finally I said - this is the time. And you know that old saying about - "When you are ready, the teacher will show up."

      Well, thank you, TEACHER (yay!) I am bookmarking this so I can use it as both a resource and a great pep talk.

      Rated up!

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey there Simone Glad to see you here. Thanks a lot. Am humbled by your endorsement. Oh yes, it will be a treat to see students of animation visit and benefit from my steps too.

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 

      8 years ago from San Francisco

      Holy shoot, rembrandz! This is such a helpful guide! Well done indeed. I should share this with my buddies who are getting started with animation!

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai


      Very kind of you to take your time to read my hub with much appreciation and wishes! Thanks


      Lovely to see you on my hub! And grateful for your thoughts and affirmation.

    • jperry106 profile image


      8 years ago from Castle Hayne NC

      Look you keep doing what you are doing and I believe that you will draw more to your hub. The way your hub is setup seem just fine.

    • Alladream74 profile image

      Victor Mavedzenge 

      8 years ago from Oakland, California

      A very fascinating hub.Well done on your achievements.

    • Scribenet profile image

      Maggie Griess 

      8 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      This is a great Hub...I have always loved animation and wanted to know how it is done. I will bookmark and follow your other hubs as well to enjoy all this info!

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey there kimh039

      You are welcome...glad it helped. Thank you to you too for having a read.

      Oh Yes! I can't stress enough about how important it is to know drawing. I know of people who have left the profession because of the disinterest/inability to draw, the field is limited. Not all stay in LA or New York or London. So that extra gear takes one a long way.

      Although, don't be intimidated...it's nothing to know except a change of the way you look at the world and just don't stop drawing. Your subject can be anything even a boring center table. np Watch my space...I am soon publishing "Drawings of the inanimate!" Rgds

      Hello carrie

      Thank you so much for your visit. Very glad to hear your comments. Yes it sure is a dreamy world. I sometimes live in that space that I forget to eat...thanks to animation I am not obese ;)

    • carriethomson profile image


      8 years ago from United Kingdom

      WOW a great deal of info and very intresting information and videos!! i love watching animated movies and it does take a lot of hard word, creativity and a bunch of dreamers to do such fab work!!


    • kimh039 profile image

      Kim Harris 

      8 years ago

      Thanks for the tips on building a career in animation, rembrandz. It's especially helpful to know where to start; with drawing.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hey sofs Very glad to see you here and your comments are very dear. Thanks a lot! Sure thing I'll look out ...hmm now I am pleasantly curious! Thx

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi there skyfire Thank you for reading my hub and your comments. Really appreciate the added useful points.

      I agree with you. Of course there are many options. My reference here meant, not to worry oneself weary if they don't see the kind of $$ they had in mind right in the beginning-true for any profession, isn't it? That doesn't mean it is not paying.

      As I said it depends a lot on the persons hard work. Also the access to many things mentioned above. Less access to the art I know takes a lot of time to see success if they don't know what route to take. (Another hub idea just came up - thanks to you). This hub discusses about the route I took. I must say I am not from a land anywhere close to Hollywood and it was quite a long and hard journey with no regrets.

      So coming to the point, even before fine-tuning the art of animation there are many who earn tonnes. There are many who come into the industry without being able to draw a line, but with an impression that an animation course would get them a dream job. Some get fooled by the glitter, some succeed. (I have a new hub coming soon where people who are not inclined to draw can still fit into the modern day animation industry).

      In some parts of the world (yes where animation is still developing even today) one may earn as an animator much but their output may not be good enough due to lack of demand, lack of opportunities, lack of exposure. I mean, aspiring animators who are spread further away from the happening parts of the globe in animation. Vector art or any online market-places are still inaccessible for many in these regions. There are many with talent and the drive out there but with absolutely no facilities. I know there is another argument to this. Perhaps I'll put it up as a hub. Hey thanks for the idea. I will definitely address it soon. Anyway skyfire. All my hubs are my takes from what I learnt after investing in animation as part of my career and the reader is free to use it as he/she feels fit.

    • sofs profile image


      8 years ago

      Informative hub, actually loads of information. An interesting read and great work. Watch out for an email from me:)

    • skyfire profile image


      8 years ago

      "Do not focus on money"- - This is something hard to do, especially when there are good opportunities like storybird and vector art marketplaces these days. Nice hub there, keep writing.

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi AEvans Very glad to hear that. Many thanks for your appreciation. Thanks for stopping by and suggestions in my forum post.

      Hey waynet How are you? It's been a long time. I won't forget you were one of my first greeters here at hubpages.

      I am humbled by your visit and your comments. Thank you.

    • waynet profile image

      Wayne Tully 

      8 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom

      A really great hubpage you have here and an interesting one too. Keep up the great work!

    • AEvans profile image


      8 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      I have a very close friend who works for Disney Pixel and your hub about creation and animation is perfect! Thanks for the info! :)

    • rembrandz profile imageAUTHOR

      Remy Francis 

      8 years ago from Dubai

      Hi wannawestern Thanks for taking this brief journey within my hub. And thank you for your appreciation. I am glad you liked it. Oh you can learn to draw if you want to. I have just suggested a book by Betty Edwards ...the book teaches anyone to draw, which I missed adding earlier. All the best!

      Hey thanks Neerizzle for your visit. I am glad you liked it.

    • Neerizzle profile image


      8 years ago from Canada

      Wow, I love the layout of this hub. Very informative good job.

    • wannabwestern profile image

      Carolyn Augustine 

      8 years ago from Iowa

      I feel as if I could move right into a career in animation if only I could draw! Thanks for a wonderful, high-quality hub. Kudos, voted up, and awesome.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, turbofuture.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)