Tamara Wilhite is a technical writer, industrial engineer, mother of two, and published sci-fi and horror author.
What Are Infrared Sensors?
Infrared sensors are used for monitoring temperatures, measuring heat flux and moisture levels and determining chemical composition. What are the primary standards for infrared or IR sensors? What are the leading standards for electro-optical and infrared sensors, also called EO-IR sensors?
ASTM Standards for Infrared Sensors
The following is a breakdown of the ASTM standards for infrared sensors:
Gives the ANSI approved method of determining the effects of cycling temperatures on fenestration products like doors and skylights. Test method A of this procedure uses infrared radiation.
Method of measuring reflected temperature using infrared imaging radiometers.
Describes the standard method of measuring in-situ heat flux for building envelopes.
Describes how to use thermography (thermal imaging) to determine the heat flow of insulation in the cavities of buildings like the spaces between the wood framing of a home.
Outlines the approved method of finding wet insulation in a roof using infrared sensors so that roof leaks or ventilation duct leaks are located and fixed.
Gives the specifications for infrared thermometers used to check a patient's temperature via the patient’s ear canal. This is a separate standard from ASTM E1112-00, the specification for electronic ear thermometers.
ASTM E1934 – 99
ASTM standards also address the use of infrared to monitor processes and industrial equipment. ASTM E1934 – 99 is ASTM’s guide for examining equipment like mechanical equipment with infrared sensors for overheating.
ASTM E1642-00, ASTM E168
Infrared sensors are also used for chromatography. ASTM E1642-00 outlines the standard method to perform infrared chromatography. ASTM E168 gives the recommended practice for infrared analysis.
Gives the techniques to perform infrared microanalysis.
Describes the performance standards for dispersive infrared spectrometers.
Describes how the butyl compounds in insulating oil are determined using infrared absorption.
American standard for determining the water vapor transmission rate of plastic film using an infrared sensor. This standard is similar to ISO 15106.
Describes the approved method of calibrating wideband infrared thermometers.
Method of calibrating low temperature infrared thermometers.
ISO Standards for Infrared Sensors
The following are the ISO standards for infrared sensors:
Standard for determining the water vapor transmission rate of plastic film using an infrared sensor. Other sections of ISO 15106 use other types of sensors like gas-chromatographic sensors to determine the water transmission rate of plastic film.
ISO TS 19130
Technical specification for different methods in which geo-positioning information can be gathered and collected. ISO TS 19130 allows for the collection of information using both synthetic aperture radar and passive electro-optical and infrared sensors.
SAE Standards for Infrared and IR Sensors
The following are SAE standards for infrared and IR sensors:
Standard for airborne infrared and electro-optical (EO/IR) system interfaces.
Standard for the electro-optical / infrared system interface's data exchange. SAE AS6129 was published in December, 2012.
Standard for the maintenance and testing of airborne infrared and electro-optical system interfaces. The data interface portion of this standard addresses the methods to confirm the system’s function, built in tests and diagnostic tests as well as the interface between EO/IR sensors and the aircraft on which they are mounted.
IEC Standards for EO/IR and Infrared Sensors
Active opto-electronic (EO) protective devices responsive to diffuse reflection or AOPDDR measure radiation near the infrared range. IEC 61496 is the standard for safety around AOPDDR systems.
- NEA WD7 is the National Electrical Manufacturers Association standard for occupancy motion sensors.
- American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Remote Sensing Environment or RSE explains how visible, infrared and microwave information can be gathered by sensors to literally monitor the state of the Earth.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.