Electronics Recycling: Find Where and How to Do It
Recycling your old electronics, from cell phones to computers to old TVs is a responsibility, and the larger the item, the larger the responsibility.
There are a lot of materials in our electronics that can be valuable when recycled, and a lot of materials that we don't want just dumped back into our environment.
Finding where to recycle old electronics near you is easier than you might think, and understanding why and how they are recycled will reinforce your commitment to be a responsible steward of our environment.
3 Steps to Recycling Your Old Electronics
The first step is to decide how you want to recycle your old electronic device.
Of course, you may just want to get rid of it. But you want to make sure you do it right - not just toss it in the trash.
There is also the choice of donating a working device so someone else can benefit from your recycling effort. The key word is "working." Although some agencies have the tech savvy and repair facilities to fix broken devices, most don't, so donation isn't usually a choice for non-working devices.
Most charities that accept these type of donations are known to your local computer and techy stores. A few phone calls to these might be helpful in locating a donation destination for non-working devices.
For working devices you should also consider donating to; Nursing homes, Veteran's homes, and civic organizations.
A final recycling choice, if you are interested in upgrading, are the trade-in programs offered by most electronics retailers, such as; Apple, Verizon, Amazon, Best Buy, etc. Once more, a few phone calls will give you a good start.
Wiping Personal Data From an Old Cell Phone
Wipe Clean All Personal Data
If your old device, such as a cell phone or computer is still working, the first step is to delete any personal data. There are different levels of "erasing data" to think about, and they depend on how and where you plan to recycle the device.
Some companies offer data security guarantees. They guarantee that their recycling process ensures your data is beyond the reach of identity thieves.
If this is the method you plan to use, then you have to do nothing more than get it into their hands. If your device no longer works—you can't delete anything—this is also the safest option for protecting your old data.
If your device still works, (or in some cases even if it doesn't), and you want to recycle it through a charitable donation so someone else can use it, then you need to take a few extra steps to ensure your personal data is wiped clean before you donate it.
The first and easiest step is to reset the device to original factory settings, (this is an option in your device settings menu), and then reformat the hard drive. Then you should use an app or software program that overwrites all your old data—making it unrecoverable to all but the most dedicated hackers.
There are several free programs for that job. This Consumer Reports article gives you all the details: Wiping Clean Personal Data From Your Device
This is especially important if your device is intended for reuse.
How to Safely Prepare Your Computer for Sale or Donation
Find a Recycling Center Near You
Finding a recycling choice near you, if you just want to get rid of the device, could be as easy as your local electronics store. Retailers such as Best Buy, Staples, Office Depot/Max, or other local names almost always offer free recycling programs for everything but TVs.
Most will also take TVs, but there is usually a disposal charge. For instance, in general situations, Best Buy charges $25 for up to two TVs.
Another option would be calling your local municipality. Many have on-going programs, or at least have a couple of yearly scheduled free electronics pick-up dates.
Also, if you have a nearby university or Community College, check with them. They may have related tech courses that would be glad to take your used devices - working or not.
Finally, there is the internet and for-profit recycling centers and companies.
First stop, the internet. TIA e-Cycling Central offers an interactive state map that lists all electronics recycling centers near you, based on your zip code.
How Are Electronics Actually Recycled
The basics are that the devices are taken apart and valuable materials, (like gold or silver—yes, cell phones and computers contain gold and silver), are separated from typical recycle materials such as plastics and base metals.
- Speaking of valuable recycled materials; Apple reported that in 2015 it reclaimed 2200 pounds of gold from recycled devices. That equals about 40 million dollars.
Also separated are the heavy metals, (mostly in the batteries), like nickel, cadmium, and lithium, that are bad for our environment when just tossed in landfills.
Once separated these materials are hammered, shredded, melted, or bundled, and sent off to their respective recycling streams—plastics to plastics, metal to metal, etc.
Bulk Electronic Recycling Process
Now why didn't this fellow talk about all those circuit boards and processors that appear to have just been bulk shredded for their metals and plastics?
The next video explains what he left out.
About That $40 Million in Recycled Gold
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
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